How to format your references using the Scientific Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Scientific Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Boyle, P. Social science. A U.K. view on the U.S. attack on social sciences. Science 341, 719 (2013).
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Katoh, H. & Negishi, M. RhoG activates Rac1 by direct interaction with the Dock180-binding protein Elmo. Nature 424, 461–464 (2003).
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Zhao, J., Goldman, A. S. & Hartwig, J. F. Oxidative addition of ammonia to form a stable monomeric amido hydride complex. Science 307, 1080–1082 (2005).
A journal article with 6 or more authors
1.
Steig, E. J. et al. Warming of the Antarctic ice-sheet surface since the 1957 International Geophysical Year. Nature 457, 459–462 (2009).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Möller, R., Pöter, H. & Schwarze, K. Planen und Bauen mit Trapezprofilen und Sandwichelementen. (Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2011).
An edited book
1.
Bilo, R. A. C. Forensic Aspects of Pediatric Fractures: Differentiating Accidental Trauma from Child Abuse. (Springer, 2010).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Buhl, S. & McColl, D. “METEORITE IN A CRATER”. in Henbury Craters and Meteorites: Their Discovery, History and Study (ed. McColl, D.) 42–53 (Springer International Publishing, 2015).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Scientific Reports.

Blog post
1.
Andrew, E. Brain Scans Can Now Detect If You’re In Love. IFLScience https://www.iflscience.com/brain/brain-scans-reveal-activity-associated-romantic-love/ (2015).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Examination of NASA Contract With Boeing. (1971).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Geiselman, C. K. Diet and reproduction of sympatric nectar-feeding bat species (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae) in French Guiana. (Columbia University, 2010).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Walsh, M. W. Puerto Rico Plans to Default on $174 Million in Bond Debt. New York Times B1 (2015).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleScientific Reports
AbbreviationSci. Rep.
ISSN (online)2045-2322
ScopeMultidisciplinary

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