How to format your references using the Scientific Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Scientific Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Ploegh, H. L. A lipid-based model for the creation of an escape hatch from the endoplasmic reticulum. Nature 448, 435–438 (2007).
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Pomerantz, R. T. & O’Donnell, M. Direct restart of a replication fork stalled by a head-on RNA polymerase. Science 327, 590–592 (2010).
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Hu, S., Shima, T. & Hou, Z. Carbon-carbon bond cleavage and rearrangement of benzene by a trinuclear titanium hydride. Nature 512, 413–415 (2014).
A journal article with 6 or more authors
1.
Harlow, H. J., Lohuis, T., Beck, T. D. & Iaizzo, P. A. Muscle strength in overwintering bears. Nature 409, 997 (2001).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Port, M. & Samuels, M. The Think Big Manifesto. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2009).
An edited book
1.
Advances in Information and Computer Security: 10th International Workshop on Security, IWSEC 2015, Nara, Japan, August 26-28, 2015, Proceedings. vol. 9241 (Springer International Publishing, 2015).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
McClure-Griffiths, N. M., Dickey, J. M., Gaensler, B. M. & Green, A. J. The Structure of Galactic Hydrogen on the Largest Scales. in How does the Galaxy Work?: A Galactic Tertulia with Don Cox and Ron Reynolds (eds. Alfaro, E. J., Pérez, E. & Franco, J.) 34–38 (Springer Netherlands, 2005).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Scientific Reports.

Blog post
1.
Andrew, E. The Secret Maoist Chinese Operation That Conquered Malaria – And Won A Nobel. IFLScience https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/secret-maoist-chinese-operation-conquered-malaria-and-won-nobel/ (2015).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Commercial Maritime Industry: Updated Information on Federal Assessments. (1999).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Crooks, R. H. Analysis Of The XY Spin 1/2 Model In Staggered Field And Networks Of D-Wave Josephson Junctions. (University of North Carolina, 2012).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1.
Pilon, M. Coaching The Kayakers On 2 Wheels. New York Times B17 (2012).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleScientific Reports
AbbreviationSci. Rep.
ISSN (online)2045-2322
ScopeMultidisciplinary

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