How to format your references using the Journal of Family Violence citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Family Violence. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gibbs, R. (2005). Deeper into the genome. Nature, 437(7063), 1233–1234.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gray, G. M., & Cohen, J. T. (2012). Policy: Rethink chemical risk assessments. Nature, 489(7414), 27–28.
A journal article with 3 authors
Freckleton, R. P., Sutherland, W. J., & Watkinson, A. R. (2003). Ecology. Deciding the future of GM crops in Europe. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5647), 994–996.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Trepanier, C., Lei, G., Xie, Y.-F., & MacDonald, J. F. (2013). Group II metabotropic glutamate receptors modify N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors via Src kinase. Scientific reports, 3, 926.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kasper, S., & Montgomery, S. (2013). Treatment-resistant Depression. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons.
An edited book
Edney, A. (2007). Pro LCS: Live Communications Server Administration. (R. Maximo, Ed.). Berkeley, CA: Apress.
A chapter in an edited book
Patiniotakis, I., Rizou, S., Verginadis, Y., & Mentzas, G. (2013). Managing Imprecise Criteria in Cloud Service Ranking with a Fuzzy Multi-criteria Decision Making Method. In K.-K. Lau, W. Lamersdorf, & E. Pimentel (Eds.), Service-Oriented and Cloud Computing: Second European Conference, ESOCC 2013, Málaga, Spain, September 11-13, 2013. Proceedings (pp. 34–48). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Family Violence.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, August 12). Potential Obesity-Contributing Gene Identified. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2010). Business Systems Modernization: Scope and Content of DOD’s Congressional Report and Executive Oversight of Investments Need to Improve (No. GAO-10-663). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Terry, E. J. (2008). In search of leadership: A look at women presidents in Georgia’s two-year colleges and technical colleges (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wines, M. (2014, January 26). It Only Seems That Political Corruption Is Rampant. New York Times, p. A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gibbs 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Gibbs 2005; Gray and Cohen 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gray and Cohen 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Trepanier et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Family Violence
AbbreviationJ. Fam. Violence
ISSN (print)0885-7482
ISSN (online)1573-2851
ScopeClinical Psychology
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
Sociology and Political Science

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