How to format your references using the Journal of Family Violence citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Family Violence. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Norman, C. (2012). 2011 International Science & Engineering Visualization Challenge. Science (New York, N.Y.), 335(6068), 525–535.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hoffman, K. L., & McNaughton, B. L. (2002). Coordinated reactivation of distributed memory traces in primate neocortex. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5589), 2070–2073.
A journal article with 3 authors
Muheim, R., Phillips, J. B., & Akesson, S. (2006). Polarized light cues underlie compass calibration in migratory songbirds. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5788), 837–839.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Fu, X.-X., Zhang, R.-Q., Zhang, G.-P., & Li, Z.-L. (2014). Rectifying properties of oligo(phenylene ethynylene) heterometallic molecular junctions: molecular length and side group effects. Scientific reports, 4, 6357.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
The Family Firm Institute, Inc. (2013). Family Enterprise. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Bourguignon, J.-P., Jégou, B., Kerdelhué, B., Toppari, J., & Christen, Y. (Eds.). (2011). Multi-System Endocrine Disruption. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Lacroix, V., Sammeth, M., Guigo, R., & Bergeron, A. (2008). Exact Transcriptome Reconstruction from Short Sequence Reads. In K. A. Crandall & J. Lagergren (Eds.), Algorithms in Bioinformatics: 8th International Workshop, WABI 2008, Karlsruhe, Germany, September 15-19, 2008. Proceedings (pp. 50–63). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Family Violence.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, March 1). Eagle Live Cam Back Online. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007). Homeland Security: DHS Enterprise Architecture Continues to Evolve but Improvements Needed (No. GAO-07-564). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rutherford, J. (2010). What is old is new again: The role of discontinuity in nostalgia-related consumption (Doctoral dissertation). Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Robles, F., & Stewart, N. (2015, July 17). A Church Shooting Defendant With ‘a Darkness to His Life.’ New York Times, p. A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Norman 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Hoffman and McNaughton 2002; Norman 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hoffman and McNaughton 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Fu et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Family Violence
AbbreviationJ. Fam. Violence
ISSN (print)0885-7482
ISSN (online)1573-2851
ScopeClinical Psychology
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
Sociology and Political Science

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