How to format your references using the Journal of Family Violence citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Family Violence. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grenier, I. A. (2000). Gamma-ray astronomy. A needle in a cosmic haystack. Nature, 404(6776), 344–345.
A journal article with 2 authors
Frank, J., & Agrawal, R. K. (2000). A ratchet-like inter-subunit reorganization of the ribosome during translocation. Nature, 406(6793), 318–322.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li, Y., Zhang, X., & Cao, D. (2013). The role of shape complementarity in the protein-protein interactions. Scientific reports, 3, 3271.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Gopal, J., Hasan, N., Manikandan, M., & Wu, H.-F. (2013). Bacterial toxicity/compatibility of platinum nanospheres, nanocuboids and nanoflowers. Scientific reports, 3, 1260.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Geman, H. (2015). Agricultural Finance. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Vimercati, S. de C. di, Syverson, P., & Gollmann, D. (Eds.). (2005). Computer Security – ESORICS 2005: 10th European Symposium on Research in Computer Security, Milan, Italy, September 12-14, 2005. Proceedings (Vol. 3679). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Goyal, A. K., Rath, G., & Garg, T. (2013). Nanotechnological Approaches for Genetic Immunization. In V. A. Erdmann & J. Barciszewski (Eds.), DNA and RNA Nanobiotechnologies in Medicine: Diagnosis and Treatment of Diseases (pp. 67–120). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Family Violence.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, March 1). Eagle Live Cam Back Online. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2006). Weather Forecasting: National Weather Service Is Planning to Improve Service and Gain Efficiency, but Impacts of Potential Changes Are Not Yet Known (No. GAO-06-792). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Reimer, E. L. (2010). Grant proposal: Support services for families of children diagnosed with autism (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2015, July 4). The Supreme Court and the Politics of Fear. New York Times, p. SR6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Grenier 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Frank and Agrawal 2000; Grenier 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Frank and Agrawal 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Gopal et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Family Violence
AbbreviationJ. Fam. Violence
ISSN (print)0885-7482
ISSN (online)1573-2851
ScopeClinical Psychology
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
Sociology and Political Science

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