How to format your references using the Journal of Family Violence citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Family Violence. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tromans, A. (2000). Plant biology. Volatile defence. Nature, 408(6814), 785.
A journal article with 2 authors
Leibfarth, F. A., & Hawker, C. J. (2011). Chemistry. Mechanically throwing a reaction into reverse. Science (New York, N.Y.), 333(6049), 1582–1583.
A journal article with 3 authors
Grant, A. N., Brönnimann, S., & Haimberger, L. (2008). Recent Arctic warming vertical structure contested. Nature, 455(7210), E2-3; discussion E4-5.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Iwata, N., Tsubuki, S., Takaki, Y., Shirotani, K., Lu, B., Gerard, N. P., et al. (2001). Metabolic regulation of brain Abeta by neprilysin. Science (New York, N.Y.), 292(5521), 1550–1552.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Murdoch, I., Turpin, S., Johnston, B., MacLullich, A., & Losman, E. (2014). Geriatric Emergencies. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Ince, A. N., & Bragg, A. (Eds.). (2007). Recent Advances in Modeling and Simulation Tools for Communication Networks and Services. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Hori, M., Kihara, Y., & Kato, T. (2011). Investigation of Indirect Oral Operation Method for Think Aloud Usability Testing. In M. Kurosu (Ed.), Human Centered Design: Second International Conference, HCD 2011, Held as Part of HCI International 2011, Orlando, FL, USA, July 9-14, 2011. Proceedings (pp. 38–46). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Family Violence.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2017, February 2). “Seeing’ Music Or “Tasting’ Numbers? Here’s What We Can Learn From People With Synaesthesia. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1972). Follow up Review of Automatic Data Processing Activities Jet Propulsion Laboratory (No. B-162407(6)). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Martinez, J. (2013). Effective nonprofit collaborative networks (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hanc, J. (2016, October 31). Flattery Will Get You Everywhere. New York Times, p. F2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tromans 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Leibfarth and Hawker 2011; Tromans 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Leibfarth and Hawker 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Iwata et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Family Violence
AbbreviationJ. Fam. Violence
ISSN (print)0885-7482
ISSN (online)1573-2851
ScopeClinical Psychology
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
Sociology and Political Science

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