How to format your references using the Journal of Family Violence citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Family Violence. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
DePinho, R. A. (2000). The age of cancer. Nature, 408(6809), 248–254.
A journal article with 2 authors
Curtis, T. P., & Sloan, W. T. (2005). Microbiology. Exploring microbial diversity--a vast below. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5739), 1331–1333.
A journal article with 3 authors
Henrich, J., Heine, S. J., & Norenzayan, A. (2010). Most people are not WEIRD. Nature, 466(7302), 29.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lelieveld, J., van Aardenne, J., Fischer, H., de Reus, M., Williams, J., & Winkler, P. (2004). Increasing ozone over the Atlantic Ocean. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5676), 1483–1487.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Epstein, M. (2012). The Elements of Continuum Biomechanics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Liu, J., Alippi, C., Bouchon-Meunier, B., Greenwood, G. W., & Abbass, H. A. (Eds.). (2012). Advances in Computational Intelligence: IEEE World Congress on Computational Intelligence, WCCI 2012, Brisbane, Australia, June 10-15, 2012. Plenary/Invited Lectures (Vol. 7311). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ogborn, J. (2005). 40 Years of Curriculum Development. In K. Boersma, M. Goedhart, O. de Jong, & H. Eijkelhof (Eds.), Research and the Quality of Science Education (pp. 57–65). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Family Violence.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, September 4). Radioactive Boar Roam The Forests Of Germany. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1994). Treasury Electronic Signature Concept (No. AIMD-94-167R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Davis, M. (2015). Opprobrious Identities: The Enslaving Effect of Black Respectability on Queer Black Men (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stellin, S. (2014, February 3). Full Picture of Airlines’ Punctuality Is Elusive. New York Times, p. B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (DePinho 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Curtis and Sloan 2005; DePinho 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Curtis and Sloan 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Lelieveld et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Family Violence
AbbreviationJ. Fam. Violence
ISSN (print)0885-7482
ISSN (online)1573-2851
ScopeClinical Psychology
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
Sociology and Political Science

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