How to format your references using the Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P 2004 The philanthropic principle Nature 431 719
A journal article with 2 authors
Young R and Gill J J 2015 MICROBIOLOGY. Phage therapy redux--What is to be done? Science 350 1163–4
A journal article with 3 authors
Kwak S-H, Shen R and Schiefelbein J 2005 Positional signaling mediated by a receptor-like kinase in Arabidopsis Science 307 1111–3
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Reusch T B, Häberli M A, Aeschlimann P B and Milinski M 2001 Female sticklebacks count alleles in a strategy of sexual selection explaining MHC polymorphism Nature 414 300–2

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wolf E L and Medikonda M 2012 Understanding the Nanotechnology Revolution (Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA)
An edited book
Chakraborty U K 2008 Advances in Differential Evolution vol 143 (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Hirachi K 2008 Ambient Metric Construction of CR Invariant Differential Operators Symmetries and Overdetermined Systems of Partial Differential Equations The IMA Volumes in Mathematics and its Applications ed M Eastwood and W Miller (New York, NY: Springer) pp 61–75

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering.

Blog post
Andrew E 2015 Diamond Lasers 20 Times More Powerful Than Ever Before IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1980 The Office of Science and Technology Policy: Adaptation to a President’s Operating Style May Conflict With Congressionally Mandated Assignments (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lanza K M 2008 The antecedents of automotive brand loyalty and repurchase intentions Doctoral dissertation (Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L 2008 Justices Take Case on Navy Use of Sonar New York Times A17

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Micromechanics and Microengineering
AbbreviationJ. Micromech. Microeng.
ISSN (print)0960-1317
ISSN (online)1361-6439
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

Other styles