How to format your references using the Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Haxton W 2014 Neutrino physics: What makes the Sun shine Nature 512 378–80
A journal article with 2 authors
Arimoto T and Sato Y 2012 Science and society. Rebuilding public trust in science for policy-making Science 337 1176–7
A journal article with 3 authors
Torre R, Bartolini P and Righini R 2004 Structural relaxation in supercooled water by time-resolved spectroscopy Nature 428 296–9
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Whitham T G, Difazio S P, Schweitzer J A, Shuster S M, Allan G J, Bailey J K and Woolbright S A 2008 Extending genomics to natural communities and ecosystems Science 320 492–5

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ocic O 2004 Oil Refineries in the 21st Century (Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA)
An edited book
Galbraith S D 2007 Cryptography and Coding: 11th IMA International Conference, Cirencester, UK, December 18-20, 2007. Proceedings vol 4887 (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Wise J C 2016 Enhancing Resistance Management and Performance of Biorational Insecticides with Novel Delivery Systems in Tree Fruit IPM Advances in Insect Control and Resistance Management ed A R Horowitz and I Ishaaya (Cham: Springer International Publishing) pp 77–92

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering.

Blog post
Fang J 2015 Sneaky Bachelors Could Help Save Endangered Hihi Birds IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2012 Planning and Flexibility Are Key to Effectively Deploying Broadband Conduit through Federal Highway Projects (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lu W-Y 2012 The performance practice of Buddhist baiqi in contemporary Taiwan Doctoral dissertation (College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly E 2004 Bensonhurst Journal; The Time Has Come to Ride and Beep and Laugh Again New York Times 133

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Micromechanics and Microengineering
AbbreviationJ. Micromech. Microeng.
ISSN (print)0960-1317
ISSN (online)1361-6439
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

Other styles