How to format your references using the Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pokrovsky V 2015 Science policy. Russia targets Western ties Science 349 224–5
A journal article with 2 authors
Schaefer B E and Pagnotta A 2012 An absence of ex-companion stars in the type Ia supernova remnant SNR 0509-67.5 Nature 481 164–6
A journal article with 3 authors
Collins P G, Arnold M S and Avouris P 2001 Engineering carbon nanotubes and nanotube circuits using electrical breakdown Science 292 706–9
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Nam M-S, Mézière C, Batail P, Zorina L, Simonov S and Ardavan A 2013 Superconducting fluctuations in organic molecular metals enhanced by Mott criticality Sci. Rep. 3 3390

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hunter D A 2014 A Practical Guide to Critical Thinking (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Navarro G, Bertossi L and Kohayakawa Y 2006 Fourth IFIP International Conference on Theoretical Computer Science- TCS 2006: IFIP 19th Worm Computer Congress, TC-1, Foundations of Computer Science, August 23–24, 2006, Santiago, Chile vol 209 (Boston, MA: Springer US)
A chapter in an edited book
Yen J-Y and Yor M 2013 Brownian Excursion Theory: A First Approach Local Times and Excursion Theory for Brownian Motion: A Tale of Wiener and Itô Measures Lecture Notes in Mathematics ed M Yor (Cham: Springer International Publishing) pp 57–64

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering.

Blog post
Andrews R 2016 Thanks To Climate Change, The Middle East And North Africa Are Basically Screwed IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2008 DOD Business Systems Modernization: Key Marine Corps System Acquisition Needs to Be Better Justified, Defined, and Managed (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vaughan L 2008 Executive function in daily life: Age-related influences of executive processes on instrumental activities of daily living Doctoral dissertation (Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mazzetti M, Hubbard B and Rosenberg M 2016 Yemenis View Strikes as Proof of Role of U.S New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Micromechanics and Microengineering
AbbreviationJ. Micromech. Microeng.
ISSN (print)0960-1317
ISSN (online)1361-6439
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

Other styles