How to format your references using the Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Funk C D 2001 Prostaglandins and leukotrienes: advances in eicosanoid biology Science 294 1871–5
A journal article with 2 authors
Schnell J R and Chou J J 2008 Structure and mechanism of the M2 proton channel of influenza A virus Nature 451 591–5
A journal article with 3 authors
Cho G, Wu Y and Ackerman J L 2003 Detection of hydroxyl ions in bone mineral by solid-state NMR spectroscopy Science 300 1123–7
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Ajami D, Oeckler O, Simon A and Herges R 2003 Synthesis of a Möbius aromatic hydrocarbon Nature 426 819–21

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pederson L D 2015 Dialectical Behavior Therapy (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd)
An edited book
Seffah A, Vanderdonckt J and Desmarais M C 2009 Human-Centered Software Engineering: Software Engineering Models, Patterns and Architectures for HCI (London: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Ferrari A, Luna B Q, Spickermann A, Travelletti J, Krzeminska D, Eichenberger J, van Asch T, van Beek R, Bogaard T, Malet J-P and Laloui L 2014 Techniques for the Modelling of the Process Systems in Slow and Fast-Moving Landslides Mountain Risks: From Prediction to Management and Governance Advances in Natural and Technological Hazards Research ed T Van Asch, J Corominas, S Greiving, J-P Malet and S Sterlacchini (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands) pp 83–129

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering.

Blog post
Hale T 2016 Video Shows Otters Drown And Kill A Monkey At A Zoo IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1975 College Work-Study Program (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ratzlaff K 2012 Dynamics of chytrid fungus (Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis) infection in amphibians in the Rincon Mountains and Tucson, Arizona Doctoral dissertation (Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
MacFARQUHAR N 2015 Russian Movie Gets Applause in Hollywood but Scorn at Home New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Micromechanics and Microengineering
AbbreviationJ. Micromech. Microeng.
ISSN (print)0960-1317
ISSN (online)1361-6439
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

Other styles