How to format your references using the Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zala K 2007 Careers in behavioral science. Public opinion research: measuring happiness Science 316 1060–1
A journal article with 2 authors
Lewis J A and Ahn B Y 2015 Device fabrication: Three-dimensional printed electronics Nature 518 42–3
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhou H, Pei Y and Fang D 2014 Magnetic field tunable small-scale mechanical properties of nickel single crystals measured by nanoindentation technique Sci. Rep. 4 4583
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Krusin-Elbaum L, Shibauchi T, Argyle B, Gignac L and Weller D 2001 Stable ultrahigh-density magneto-optical recordings using introduced linear defects Nature 410 444–6

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dimon R 2013 Enterprise Performance Management Done Right (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Brevini T A L 2013 Pluripotency in Domestic Animal Cells ed F Gandolfi (New York, NY: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Rosoux V 2015 Post-Conflict Reconciliation: A Humanitarian Myth? The Humanitarian Challenge: 20 Years European Network on Humanitarian Action (NOHA) ed P Gibbons and H-J Heintze (Cham: Springer International Publishing) pp 47–69

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering.

Blog post
Andrews R 2017 India Successfully Deploys 104 Satellites In World Record-Breaking Rocket Launch IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1988 Highway Safety: Monitoring Practices To Show Compliance With Speed Limits Should Be Reexamined (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Harris A N 2017 Deadly force: Perceptions of police and exploration of strategies used by African American mothers to protect their sons Doctoral dissertation (Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wilson M 2017 Atmosphere Is Tempered At Puerto Rican Day Parade New York Times A17

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Micromechanics and Microengineering
AbbreviationJ. Micromech. Microeng.
ISSN (print)0960-1317
ISSN (online)1361-6439
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

Other styles