How to format your references using the Journal of Micro-Bio Robotics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Micro-Bio Robotics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Henderson GM (2005) Ocean science. Coral clues to rapid sea-level change. Science 308:361–362
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Rakoff-Nahoum S, Comstock LE (2014) Immunology: Starve a fever, feed the microbiota. Nature 514:576–577
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Obayashi M, Yoshimitsu J, Fukao Y (2009) Tearing of stagnant slab. Science 324:1173–1175
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Nagashima H, Sugahara F, Takechi M, et al (2009) Evolution of the turtle body plan by the folding and creation of new muscle connections. Science 325:193–196

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Wahbi M (2013) Algorithms and Ordering Heuristics for Distributed Constraint Satisfaction Problems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA
An edited book
1.
Hanrot G, Morain F, Thomé E (2010) Algorithmic Number Theory: 9th International Symposium, ANTS-IX, Nancy, France, July 19-23, 2010. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Hurst CS, Eby LT (2012) Mentoring in Organizations: Mentor or Tormentor? In: Reilly NP, Sirgy MJ, Gorman CA (eds) Work and Quality of Life: Ethical Practices in Organizations. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 81–94

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Micro-Bio Robotics.

Blog post
1.
Fang J (2014) NASA Sees Your Holiday Lights From Space. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1990) Aviation Safety: Management Improvement Needed in FAA’s Airworthiness Directive Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Bernal E (2013) Ethnographic research of emergent cultural themes from technology-based informal education in a museum. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Otis J (2016) Eritrean Couple’s Reunion, Decades in the Making. New York Times A29

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Micro-Bio Robotics
AbbreviationJ. Microbio Robot.
ISSN (print)2194-6418
ISSN (online)2194-6426
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
General Materials Science

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