How to format your references using the Journal of Micro-Bio Robotics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Micro-Bio Robotics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Rusbridger A (2015) Scientists must speak up on fossil-fuel divestment. Nature 520:265
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Atran S, Ginges J (2012) Religious and sacred imperatives in human conflict. Science 336:855–857
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Yu X, Jin L, Zhou ZH (2008) 3.88 A structure of cytoplasmic polyhedrosis virus by cryo-electron microscopy. Nature 453:415–419
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Forget F, Haberle RM, Montmessin F, et al (2006) Formation of glaciers on Mars by atmospheric precipitation at high obliquity. Science 311:368–371

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Vicat-Blanc P, Soudan S, Guillier R, Goglin B (2013) Computing Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Dediu A-H, Martín-Vide C, Sierra-Rodríguez J-L, Truthe B (2014) Language and Automata Theory and Applications: 8th International Conference, LATA 2014, Madrid, Spain, March 10-14, 2014. Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Weisbrot D (2006) The Imperative of the “New Genetics”: Challenges for Ethics, Law, and Social Policy. In: Betta M (ed) The Moral, Social, and Commercial Imperatives of Genetic Testing and Screening: The Australian Case. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 95–124

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Micro-Bio Robotics.

Blog post
1.
Luntz S (2014) Universe Reached Peak Heat 11 Billion Years Ago. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/universe-reached-peak-heat-11-billion-years-ago/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1999) Customs Service Modernization: Serious Management and Technical Weaknesses Must Be Corrected. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Woerner LC (2010) Complicated grief: A case study of pathological bereavement. Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Greenhouse L (2007) New Focus on the Effects of Life Tenure. New York Times A20

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Micro-Bio Robotics
AbbreviationJ. Microbio Robot.
ISSN (print)2194-6418
ISSN (online)2194-6426
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
General Materials Science

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