How to format your references using the Journal of Micro-Bio Robotics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Micro-Bio Robotics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Honjo T (2004) Obituary: Yasutomi Nishizuka (1932-2004). Nature 432:966
A journal article with 2 authors
Liu T, Khosla C (2010) Chemistry. A balancing act for Taxol precursor pathways in E. coli. Science 330:44–45
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen Y, Peng R, You Z (2015) APPLIED ORIGAMI. Origami of thick panels. Science 349:396–400
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Loncarek J, Kisurina-Evgenieva O, Vinogradova T, et al (2007) The centromere geometry essential for keeping mitosis error free is controlled by spindle forces. Nature 450:745–749

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Silk RD, Lintott JW (2011) Managing Foundations and Charitable Trusts. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Marshall CA, Nolan SJ, Newton DP (2016) Widening Participation, Higher Education and Non-Traditional Students: Supporting Transitions through Foundation Programmes. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London
A chapter in an edited book
Yli-Halla M, Schick J, Kratz S, Schnug E (2016) Determination of Plant Available P in Soil. In: Schnug E, De Kok LJ (eds) Phosphorus in Agriculture: 100 % Zero. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 63–93

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Micro-Bio Robotics.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) First Deep Ice Core Samples Are Being Drilled At South Pole. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999) Year 2000 Computing Challenge: Concerns About Compliance Information on Biomedical Equipment. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hooper KJ (2017) Los Angeles School Police Department Arrest Diversion: A Process Evaluation. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
James S (2017) Losing a Fortune. New York Times F4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Micro-Bio Robotics
AbbreviationJ. Microbio Robot.
ISSN (print)2194-6418
ISSN (online)2194-6426
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
General Materials Science

Other styles