How to format your references using the International Journal of Ambient Energy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Ambient Energy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Booth, Ben B. 2015. “Climate Change. Why the Pacific Is Cool.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 347 (6225): 952.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schultz, Richard M., and Carmen J. Williams. 2002. “The Science of ART.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 296 (5576): 2188–2190.
A journal article with 3 authors
Arita, Isao, Miyuki Nakane, and Frank Fenner. 2006. “Public Health. Is Polio Eradication Realistic?” Science (New York, N.Y.) 312 (5775): 852–854.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Tilman, David, Kenneth G. Cassman, Pamela A. Matson, Rosamond Naylor, and Stephen Polasky. 2002. “Agricultural Sustainability and Intensive Production Practices.” Nature 418 (6898): 671–677.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wiebe, Valerie J. 2015. Drug Therapy for Infectious Diseases of the Dog and Cat. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Rouwet, Dmitri, Bruce Christenson, Franco Tassi, and Jean Vandemeulebrouck, eds. 2015. Volcanic Lakes. Advances in Volcanology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Golob, Anna L., and Tyler Lee. 2015. “Perioperative Medication Management.” In The Perioperative Medicine Consult Handbook, edited by Molly Blackley Jackson, Somnath Mookherjee, and Nason P. Hamlin, 17–25. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Ambient Energy.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Formidable Fire Ants Kill And Munch On Baby Caimans.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1994. Information Superhighway: Issues Affecting Development. RCED-94-285. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ruby, Caitlin A. 2017. “Application of Coastal and Marine Ecological Classification Standard (CMECS) to Remotely Operated Vehicle (Rov) Video Data for Enhanced Geospatial Analysis of Deep Sea Environments.” Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State, MS: Mississippi State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), Sophia Kishkovsky. 2002. “World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Terror Scare In Moscow.” New York Times, August 23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Booth 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Booth 2015; Schultz and Williams 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schultz and Williams 2002)
  • Three authors: (Arita, Nakane, and Fenner 2006)
  • 4 or more authors: (Tilman et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Ambient Energy
AbbreviationInt. J. Ambient Energy
ISSN (print)0143-0750
ISSN (online)2162-8246
ScopeRenewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
Building and Construction

Other styles