How to format your references using the International Journal of Ambient Energy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Ambient Energy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain, Colin. 2010. “World View: ERA of Austerity.” Nature 466 (7304): 314.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shaiken, Tattym E., and Antone R. Opekun. 2014. “Dissecting the Cell to Nucleus, Perinucleus and Cytosol.” Scientific Reports 4 (May): 4923.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee, Hansol, Raymond Habas, and Cory Abate-Shen. 2004. “MSX1 Cooperates with Histone H1b for Inhibition of Transcription and Myogenesis.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 304 (5677): 1675–1678.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Scully, Marlan O., M. Suhail Zubairy, Girish S. Agarwal, and Herbert Walther. 2003. “Extracting Work from a Single Heat Bath via Vanishing Quantum Coherence.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 299 (5608): 862–864.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lovejoy, David A. 2005. Neuroendocrinology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Regge, Daniele. 2012. La Colonscopia Virtuale: Guida Pratica All’esame, Dalle Indicazioni All’interpretazione Dei Dati. Edited by Gabriella Iussich. Milano: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Jung, Yei Hwan, Huilong Zhang, and Zhenqiang Ma. 2016. “Wireless Applications of Conformal Bioelectronics.” In Stretchable Bioelectronics for Medical Devices and Systems, edited by John A. Rogers, Roozbeh Ghaffari, and Dae-Hyeong Kim, 83–114. Microsystems and Nanosystems. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Ambient Energy.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. 2015. “Rice May Have Been Domesticated Three Separate Times Across Asia.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1994. Efforts to Assist the Homeless in Baltimore. RCED-94-239R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Matheny, Amanda Leigh. 2009. “Home Gardener Preferences, Perceptions, Knowledge and Behaviors Associated with Pest Management Strategies and Information Acquisition.” Doctoral dissertation, College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lovell, Joel. 2013. “The World, Still Spinning.” New York Times, May 30.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Macilwain 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Macilwain 2010; Shaiken and Opekun 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shaiken and Opekun 2014)
  • Three authors: (Lee, Habas, and Abate-Shen 2004)
  • 4 or more authors: (Scully et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Ambient Energy
AbbreviationInt. J. Ambient Energy
ISSN (print)0143-0750
ISSN (online)2162-8246
ScopeRenewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
Building and Construction

Other styles