How to format your references using the International Journal of Ambient Energy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Ambient Energy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Peoples, Laura L. 2002. “Neuroscience. Will, Anterior Cingulate Cortex, and Addiction.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 296 (5573): 1623–1624.
A journal article with 2 authors
Van de Walle, Chris G., and J. Neugebauer. 2003. “Universal Alignment of Hydrogen Levels in Semiconductors, Insulators and Solutions.” Nature 423 (6940): 626–628.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gallop, Jennifer L., P. Jonathan G. Butler, and Harvey T. McMahon. 2005. “Endophilin and CtBP/BARS Are Not Acyl Transferases in Endocytosis or Golgi Fission.” Nature 438 (7068): 675–678.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Yoo, Andrew S., Brett T. Staahl, Lei Chen, and Gerald R. Crabtree. 2009. “MicroRNA-Mediated Switching of Chromatin-Remodelling Complexes in Neural Development.” Nature 460 (7255): 642–646.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Warren, Amy Eva Alberts, Richard M. Lerner, and Erin Phelps. 2011. Thriving and Spirituality Among Youth. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Preedy, Victor R., and Vinood B. Patel, eds. 2015. Biomarkers in Cancer. Biomarkers in Disease: Methods, Discoveries and Applications. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Ignaciuk, Przemysław, and Andrzej Bartoszewicz. 2013. “Flow Control in Continuous-Time Systems.” In Congestion Control in Data Transmission Networks: Sliding Mode and Other Designs, edited by Andrzej Bartoszewicz, 61–86. Communications and Control Engineering. London: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Ambient Energy.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “These GIFs Of MRI Scans of Produce Are Completely Amazing.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1991. FAA Budget: Key Issues in Facilities and Equipment and Operations Accounts Need Resolution. T-RCED-91-58. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Saha, Proshanta. 2008. “Application Hardware-Software Co-Design for Reconfigurable Computing Systems.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Kenigsberg, Ben. 2017. “Junction 48.” New York Times, March 2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Peoples 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Peoples 2002; Van de Walle and Neugebauer 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Van de Walle and Neugebauer 2003)
  • Three authors: (Gallop, Butler, and McMahon 2005)
  • 4 or more authors: (Yoo et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Ambient Energy
AbbreviationInt. J. Ambient Energy
ISSN (print)0143-0750
ISSN (online)2162-8246
ScopeRenewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
Building and Construction

Other styles