How to format your references using the International Journal of Ambient Energy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Ambient Energy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brenner, Sydney. 2012. “Turing Centenary: Life’s Code Script.” Nature 482 (7386): 461.
A journal article with 2 authors
Reik, Wolf, and Gavin Kelsey. 2014. “Epigenetics: Cellular Memory Erased in Human Embryos.” Nature 511 (7511): 540–541.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sato, T. K., M. Overduin, and S. D. Emr. 2001. “Location, Location, Location: Membrane Targeting Directed by PX Domains.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 294 (5548): 1881–1885.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Wood, Justin N., David D. Glynn, Brenda C. Phillips, and Marc D. Hauser. 2007. “The Perception of Rational, Goal-Directed Action in Nonhuman Primates.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 317 (5843): 1402–1405.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rachev, Svetlozar T., Young Shin Kim, Michele Leonardo Bianchi, and Frank J. Fabozzi. 2011. Financial Models with Lévy Processes and Volatility Clustering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Moscovici, Hedy. 2013. Learn Science, Learn Math, Learn to Teach Science and Math, Homo Sapiens! Edited by Tal Moscovici, Katherine C. Wieseman, and Penny J. Gilmer. Vol. 5. Cultural Perspectives in Science Education, Research Dialogs. Rotterdam: SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Graff, Samantha, and Tamara Piety. 2013. “The New First Amendment and Its Implications for Combating Obesity Through Regulation of Advertising.” In Advances in Communication Research to Reduce Childhood Obesity, edited by Jerome D. Williams, Keryn E. Pasch, and Chiquita A. Collins, 101–117. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Ambient Energy.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “Researchers Getting Closer To Proving Gravitational Waves From Neutron Stars.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1976. General Accounting Office Reviews of Federal Environmental Research and Development. RED-76-95. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Marulkar, Sameer. 2016. “Indoor Object Localization System.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Forsythe, Michael, and Alexandra Stevenson. 2017. “Murky Firm Is Behind A Donation Of $18 Billion.” New York Times, July 27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brenner 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Brenner 2012; Reik and Kelsey 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Reik and Kelsey 2014)
  • Three authors: (Sato, Overduin, and Emr 2001)
  • 4 or more authors: (Wood et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Ambient Energy
AbbreviationInt. J. Ambient Energy
ISSN (print)0143-0750
ISSN (online)2162-8246
ScopeRenewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
Building and Construction

Other styles