How to format your references using the International Journal of Ambient Energy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Ambient Energy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, Paul. 2004. “How to Succeed in Business.” Nature 428 (6983): 675.
A journal article with 2 authors
Akiyama, Benjamin M., and Michael D. Stone. 2013. “Structural Biology: A Solution to the Telomerase Puzzle.” Nature 496 (7444): 177–178.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sanders, Timothy A., Esther Llagostera, and Maria Barna. 2013. “Specialized Filopodia Direct Long-Range Transport of SHH during Vertebrate Tissue Patterning.” Nature 497 (7451): 628–632.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Chaudhury, S., A. Smith, B. E. Anderson, S. Ghose, and P. S. Jessen. 2009. “Quantum Signatures of Chaos in a Kicked Top.” Nature 461 (7265): 768–771.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Misra, Sudip, and Sumit Goswami. 2017. Network Routing. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Van den Broeck, Jan, and Jonathan R. Brestoff, eds. 2013. Epidemiology: Principles and Practical Guidelines. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Mohd Rani, Nurdalilah, Mohd Fairus Yusoff, and Muhamad Fairus Kamaruzaman. 2015. “Theoretical Framework Study on Formgiving Mobile Education Game Design Technology.” In International Colloquium of Art and Design Education Research (i-CADER 2014), edited by Oskar Hasdinor Hassan, Shahriman Zainal Abidin, Rafeah Legino, Rusmadiah Anwar, and Muhamad Fairus Kamaruzaman, 47–52. Singapore: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Ambient Energy.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “New Information On Nerve Repair May Bring Hope To Spinal Injury Patients.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2008. Aviation Security: Transportation Security Administration Has Strengthened Planning to Guide Investments in Key Aviation Security Programs, but More Work Remains. GAO-08-1024T. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kennedy-Reid, Sherry K. 2012. “Exploring the Habitus: A Phenomenological Study of Transformative Learning Processes.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, George. 2010. “For Mets, Sky Was Falling, But Now It’s the Limit.” New York Times, April 27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik 2004; Smaglik 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Akiyama and Stone 2013)
  • Three authors: (Sanders, Llagostera, and Barna 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Chaudhury et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Ambient Energy
AbbreviationInt. J. Ambient Energy
ISSN (print)0143-0750
ISSN (online)2162-8246
ScopeRenewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
Building and Construction

Other styles