How to format your references using the International Journal of Ambient Energy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Ambient Energy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Service, Robert F. 2013. “Solar Energy. Performance of Nanowire Solar Cells on the Rise.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 339 (6117): 263.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bostwick, Kimberly S., and Richard O. Prum. 2005. “Courting Bird Sings with Stridulating Wing Feathers.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 309 (5735): 736.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dick, Henry J. B., Jian Lin, and Hans Schouten. 2003. “An Ultraslow-Spreading Class of Ocean Ridge.” Nature 426 (6965): 405–412.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Higham, Tom, Tim Compton, Chris Stringer, Roger Jacobi, Beth Shapiro, Erik Trinkaus, Barry Chandler, et al. 2011. “The Earliest Evidence for Anatomically Modern Humans in Northwestern Europe.” Nature 479 (7374): 521–524.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jazar, Reza N. 2011. Advanced Dynamics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Moraglio, Alberto, Sara Silva, Krzysztof Krawiec, Penousal Machado, and Carlos Cotta, eds. 2012. Genetic Programming: 15th European Conference, EuroGP 2012, Málaga, Spain, April 11-13, 2012. Proceedings. Vol. 7244. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Imura, Kohei, and Hiromi Okamoto. 2011. “Near-Field Optical Imaging of Wavefunctions and Optical Fields in Plasmonic Nanostructures.” In Progress in Nanophotonics 1, edited by Motoichi Ohtsu, 127–160. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Ambient Energy.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. 2014. “Scientists Develop Shatterproof IPhone Screens.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2001. Telecommuting: Overview of Challenges Facing Federal Agencies. GAO-01-1116T. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pulice, Stacy Warnock. 2013. “The Colonized Child: Love, Community, and Wholeness as Necessary Elements of Education.” Doctoral dissertation, Carpinteria, CA: Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, Mary J. O. 2015. “Weekend Entertainments From the Archives of The New York Times.” New York Times, March 13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Service 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Service 2013; Bostwick and Prum 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bostwick and Prum 2005)
  • Three authors: (Dick, Lin, and Schouten 2003)
  • 4 or more authors: (Higham et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Ambient Energy
AbbreviationInt. J. Ambient Energy
ISSN (print)0143-0750
ISSN (online)2162-8246
ScopeRenewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
Building and Construction

Other styles