How to format your references using the International Journal of Ambient Energy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Ambient Energy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wagner, Peter J. 2015. “EVOLUTION. One Era You Are in—the next You Are Out.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 350 (6262): 736–737.
A journal article with 2 authors
Insel, Thomas R., and Bruce N. Cuthbert. 2015. “Medicine. Brain Disorders? Precisely.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 348 (6234): 499–500.
A journal article with 3 authors
Junge, Wolfgang, Hendrik Sielaff, and Siegfried Engelbrecht. 2009. “Torque Generation and Elastic Power Transmission in the Rotary F(O)F(1)-ATPase.” Nature 459 (7245): 364–370.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Zhang, Xin, Peijie Wang, Zhenglong Zhang, Yurui Fang, and Mengtao Sun. 2014. “Plasmon-Driven Sequential Chemical Reactions in an Aqueous Environment.” Scientific Reports 4 (June): 5407.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hagen, Jens. 2017. Chemiereaktoren. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Miller, Monica K., Jeremy A. Blumenthal, and Jared Chamberlain, eds. 2015. Handbook of Community Sentiment. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Briken, Volker. 2013. “Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Genes Involved in Regulation of Host Cell Death.” In The New Paradigm of Immunity to Tuberculosis, edited by Maziar Divangahi, 93–102. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Ambient Energy.

Blog post
Hale, Tom. 2017. “Could Brain Scans and AI Reveal The Mindset Of A Suspected Criminal?” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2011. Climate Monitoring: NOAA Can Improve Management of the U.S. Historical Climatology Network. GAO-11-800. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Huber, Joseph A. 2012. “Building an Army: A Corollary Study of Group Interaction and Group Productivity.” Doctoral dissertation, Minneapolis, MN: Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, Linda. 2008. “Supreme Court Alters Tone In a Discrimination Case.” New York Times, February 28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wagner 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Wagner 2015; Insel and Cuthbert 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Insel and Cuthbert 2015)
  • Three authors: (Junge, Sielaff, and Engelbrecht 2009)
  • 4 or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Ambient Energy
AbbreviationInt. J. Ambient Energy
ISSN (print)0143-0750
ISSN (online)2162-8246
ScopeRenewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
Building and Construction

Other styles