How to format your references using the Blood Cells, Molecules and Diseases citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Blood Cells, Molecules and Diseases. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
K.W. Caldecott, Cell signaling. The BRCT domain: signaling with friends?, Science. 302 (2003) 579–580.
A journal article with 2 authors
J.J. De Yoreo, P.M. Dove, Materials science. Shaping crystals with biomolecules, Science. 306 (2004) 1301–1302.
A journal article with 3 authors
K.H. Redford, D.B. Jensen, J.J. Breheny, Ecology. Integrating the captive and the wild, Science. 338 (2012) 1157–1158.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
L.J. Higgins, F. Yan, P. Liu, H.-W. Liu, C.L. Drennan, Structural insight into antibiotic fosfomycin biosynthesis by a mononuclear iron enzyme, Nature. 437 (2005) 838–844.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
H.J. Berthold, M. Binnewies, Chemisches Grundpraktikum, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG, 2005.
An edited book
D. Plemenos, G. Miaoulis, eds., Artificial Intelligence Techniques for Computer Graphics, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
B. Collins, R. Knox, The Causes of Constipation, in: B. Collins, E. Bradshaw (Eds.), Bowel Dysfunction: A Comprehensive Guide for Healthcare Professionals, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016: pp. 53–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Blood Cells, Molecules and Diseases.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Study Suggests Babies Only Remember Good Times, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Data Processing: USDA Needs To Better Manage Field-Office Computer Purchases, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A. Calderwood, Improving the singer’s understanding of bebop language: Transcription application, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
I. Nechepurenko, B. Hubbard, On Trip to Moscow, King Seeks Warmer Relations, New York Times. (2017) A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBlood Cells, Molecules and Diseases
AbbreviationBlood Cells Mol. Dis.
ISSN (print)1079-9796
ScopeCell Biology
Molecular Biology
Molecular Medicine

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