How to format your references using the Journal of Medical Virology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Medical Virology (JMV). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Smaglik P. The uncertainty principle. Nature. 2004;431(7007):487.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Waller L, Tian L. Computational imaging: Machine learning for 3D microscopy. Nature. 2015;523(7561):416-417.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Liu Z, Gandhi CS, Rees DC. Structure of a tetrameric MscL in an expanded intermediate state. Nature. 2009;461(7260):120-124.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Qiu F, Hu M, Tang B, et al. Annexin V-TRAIL fusion protein is a more sensitive and potent apoptotic inducer for cancer therapy. Sci Rep. 2013;3:3565.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Stacey WM. Fusion. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2010.
An edited book
1.
Cavallaro L, Gollmann D, eds. Information Security Theory and Practice. Security of Mobile and Cyber-Physical Systems: 7th IFIP WG 11.2 International Workshop, WISTP 2013, Heraklion, Greece, May 28-30, 2013. Proceedings. Vol 7886. Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Fulekar MH. Bioremediation Technology for Hazardous Wastes - Recent Advances. In: Fulekar MH, ed. Bioremediation Technology: Recent Advances. Springer Netherlands; 2010:135-166.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Medical Virology.

Blog post
1.
Hale T. Worker Wasps Will Look For Another Nest Unless Their Boss Improves Working Conditions. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Hourly Fees Paid by Various Federal Agencies to Private Attorneys for Legal Services. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Bryant TL. The Influence of High School Preparation on Black Male Students’ Ability to Succeed at the Post-Secondary Level. Published online 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Qiu L. On What He Really Said, and Whom He Is Blaming for It. New York Times. March 24, 2017:A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Medical Virology
ISSN (print)0146-6615
ISSN (online)1096-9071
Scope

Other styles