How to format your references using the Journal of Medical Virology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Medical Virology (JMV). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Moore CM. Ocean Science. Microbial proteins and oceanic nutrient cycles. Science. 2014;345(6201):1120-1121.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Brown ME, Funk CC. Climate. Food security under climate change. Science. 2008;319(5863):580-581.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Doncaster CP, Jackson A, Watson RA. Competitive environments sustain costly altruism with negligible assortment of interactions. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2836.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Hu Q, Guo W, Gao Y, Tang R, Li D. Molecular cloning and analysis of gonadal expression of Foxl2 in the rice-field eel Monopterus albus. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6884.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Gage LJ. Hand-Rearing Wild and Domestic Mammals. Blackwell Publishing Ltd; 2008.
An edited book
1.
Streitz N, Markopoulos P, eds. Distributed, Ambient, and Pervasive Interactions: Third International Conference, DAPI 2015, Held as Part of HCI International 2015, Los Angeles, CA, USA, August 2-7, 2015, Proceedings. Vol 9189. Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Mancuso M, Orsucci D, LoGerfo A, Calsolaro V, Siciliano G. Clinical Features and Pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s Disease: Involvement of Mitochondria and Mitochondrial DNA. In: Ahmad SI, ed. Diseases of DNA Repair. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Springer; 2010:34-44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Medical Virology.

Blog post
1.
Davis J. Genetically Engineered Cells Could Treat Diabetics Without The Need For Injections. IFLScience. Published December 9, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/genetically-engineered-cells-could-treat-diabetics-without-the-need-for-injections/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Curriculum Case Studies Are of Questionable Quality but Helped Precollege Curriculum Activities. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Jones LJ. From Corbin and Hillman to Dionysos: The Partial Unveiling of Psyche’s Stage. Doctoral dissertation. Pacifica Graduate Institute; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Williams J. Outside The Bars. New York Times. August 21, 2016:BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Medical Virology
ISSN (print)0146-6615
ISSN (online)1096-9071
Scope

Other styles