How to format your references using the American Journal of Veterinary Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Veterinary Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Omelon S. Graduate journal: conference survival. Nature 2004;427:570.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Chan Y-HM, Marshall WF. How cells know the size of their organelles. Science 2012;337:1186–1189.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Bleichert F, Botchan MR, Berger JM. Crystal structure of the eukaryotic origin recognition complex. Nature 2015;519:321–326.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1. Baker PA, Rigsby CA, Seltzer GO, et al. Tropical climate changes at millennial and orbital timescales on the Bolivian Altiplano. Nature 2001;409:698–701.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Hood D, Trojer E. Gigabit-Capable Passive Optical Networks. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1. Yoshida H, Sakas G, Linguraru MG eds. Abdominal Imaging. Computational and Clinical Applications: Third International Workshop, Held in Conjunction with MICCAI 2011, Toronto, ON, Canada, September 18, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Gürses A, Açıkyıldız M, Güneş K, et al. Dyeing and Dyeing Technology. In: Açıkyıldız M, Güneş K, Gürses MS, eds. Dyes and Pigments. SpringerBriefs in Molecular Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016;47–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Veterinary Research.

Blog post
1. Davis J. Is Commercial Fishing Driving The Evolution Of Fish? IFLScience 2015. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/commercial-fishing-driving-evolution-fish/. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Passenger Rail Security: Federal Strategy and Enhanced Coordination Needed to Prioritize and Guide Security Efforts. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Koenig WE. Leadership for the whole in the mythic field of C. G. Jung’s unconscious processes. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Burghardt LF. A Symbol of Carefree, Innocent Fun? Not in Oyster Bay. New York Times. May 28, 2006:14LI10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Veterinary Research
AbbreviationAm. J. Vet. Res.
ISSN (print)0002-9645
ISSN (online)1943-5681
ScopeGeneral Medicine
General Veterinary

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