How to format your references using the American Journal of Veterinary Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Veterinary Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Simmons JG. Timeline: Lindau and the zeitgeist. Nature 2010;467:S14-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Hunt TL, Lipo CP. Late colonization of Easter Island. Science 2006;311:1603–1606.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Mendell JT, ap Rhys CMJ, Dietz HC. Separable roles for rent1/hUpf1 in altered splicing and decay of nonsense transcripts. Science 2002;298:419–422.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1. Nam KT, Kim D-W, Yoo PJ, et al. Virus-enabled synthesis and assembly of nanowires for lithium ion battery electrodes. Science 2006;312:885–888.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Caferra R. Logic for Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2011.
An edited book
1. Nolta JA ed. Genetic Engineering of Mesenchymal Stem Cells. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Billingsley J. Instances and Contexts of the Head Motif in Britain. In: Hutton R, ed. Physical Evidence for Ritual Acts, Sorcery and Witchcraft in Christian Britain: A Feeling for Magic. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK, 2016;68–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Veterinary Research.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. Post-Sex Cannibalism In Spiders Is The Ultimate Parental Sacrifice. IFLScience 2016. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/postsex-cannibalism-in-spiders-is-the-ultimate-parental-sacrifice/. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Airline Scheduling: Airline Practices in Establishing and Maintaining Connecting Times. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Herman RL. Servant leadership: A model for organizations desiring a workplace spirituality culture. 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Luongo MT. Beyond Technology: Hotels Train Workers in Personal Touch. New York Times. July 10, 2017:B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Veterinary Research
AbbreviationAm. J. Vet. Res.
ISSN (print)0002-9645
ISSN (online)1943-5681
ScopeGeneral Medicine
General Veterinary

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