How to format your references using the Journal of Medical Ultrasound citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Medical Ultrasound. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Birge NO. Physics. Sensing a small but persistent current. Science 2009;326:244–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Giovannoni SJ, Vergin KL. Seasonality in ocean microbial communities. Science 2012;335:671–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Zeng B, Gao Y, Bartoli FJ. Ultrathin nanostructured metals for highly transmissive plasmonic subtractive color filters. Sci Rep 2013;3:2840.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Faham S, Watanabe A, Besserer GM, Cascio D, Specht A, Hirayama BA, et al. The crystal structure of a sodium galactose transporter reveals mechanistic insights into Na+/sugar symport. Science 2008;321:810–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Fjeld RA, Eisenberg NA, Compton KL. Quantitative Environmental Risk Analysis for Human Health. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2007.
An edited book
[1]
Loménie N, Racoceanu D, Gouaillard A, editors. Advances in Bio-Imaging: From Physics to Signal Understanding Issues: State-of-the-Art and Challenges. vol. 120. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Chun-hong C, Chuan T, Da-zhe Z, Bin Z. The Parametric Design Based on Bee Dual Population Evolution on Chaos. In: Wang X, Wang F, Zhong S, editors. Electrical, Information Engineering and Mechatronics 2011: Proceedings of the 2011 International Conference on Electrical, Information Engineering and Mechatronics (EIEM 2011), London: Springer; 2012, p. 35–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Medical Ultrasound.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Petition For ‘Man Eating’ Tiger Relocation Dismissed By Court. IFLScience 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Three Studies at the Local Level. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Tegtmeier T. Science-related attitudes of urban middle school students. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Kenigsberg B. The Nuptials Are Set. The Groom? TBD. New York Times 2017:C8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Medical Ultrasound
AbbreviationJ. Med. Ultrasound
ISSN (print)0929-6441
ScopeRadiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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