How to format your references using the Journal of Medical Ultrasound citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Medical Ultrasound. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Zasloff M. Antimicrobial peptides of multicellular organisms. Nature 2002;415:389–95.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Barve A, Wagner A. A latent capacity for evolutionary innovation through exaptation in metabolic systems. Nature 2013;500:203–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Murton JB, Peterson R, Ozouf J-C. Bedrock fracture by ice segregation in cold regions. Science 2006;314:1127–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Masly JP, Jones CD, Noor MAF, Locke J, Orr HA. Gene transposition as a cause of hybrid sterility in Drosophila. Science 2006;313:1448–50.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Cortada JW. The Essential Manager. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2014.
An edited book
[1]
MaKinster J, Trautmann N, Barnett M, editors. Teaching Science and Investigating Environmental Issues with Geospatial Technology: Designing Effective Professional Development for Teachers. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Barreira L, Valls C. Ordinary Differential Equations. In: Valls C, editor. Complex Analysis and Differential Equations, London: Springer; 2012, p. 223–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Medical Ultrasound.

Blog post
[1]
Andrews R. That “Alien Megastructure” Star Is Suddenly Behaving Very Strangely. IFLScience 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/space/that-alien-megastructure-star-is-flickering-again/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Natural Gas Pipeline Safety: Risk-Based Standards Should Allow Operators to Better Tailor Reassessments to Pipeline Threats. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Peterson NR. Subspecies composition, genetic variation and structure of Largemouth Bass in Puerto Rico reservoirs. Doctoral dissertation. Mississippi State University, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Kenigsberg B. Film Series. New York Times 2017:C20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Medical Ultrasound
AbbreviationJ. Med. Ultrasound
ISSN (print)0929-6441
ScopeRadiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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