How to format your references using the The European Journal of Health Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The European Journal of Health Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fadri-Moskwik, M.: Love knows no boundaries. Science. 348, 254 (2015)
A journal article with 2 authors
Logan, B.E., Rabaey, K.: Conversion of wastes into bioelectricity and chemicals by using microbial electrochemical technologies. Science. 337, 686–690 (2012)
A journal article with 3 authors
Della Negra, M., Jenni, P., Virdee, T.S.: Journey in the search for the Higgs boson: the ATLAS and CMS experiments at the Large Hadron Collider. Science. 338, 1560–1568 (2012)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tomasello, M.V., Perra, N., Tessone, C.J., Karsai, M., Schweitzer, F.: The role of endogenous and exogenous mechanisms in the formation of R&D networks. Sci. Rep. 4, 5679 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Berntsen, E.S., Thompson, J.: A Guide to Starting Your Hedge Fund. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2015)
An edited book
Schmitt, A. ed: Affine Flag Manifolds and Principal Bundles. Springer, Basel (2010)
A chapter in an edited book
Liuni, M., Röbel, A., Romito, M., Rodet, X.: An Entropy Based Method for Local Time-Adaptation of the Spectrogram. In: Ystad, S., Aramaki, M., Kronland-Martinet, R., and Jensen, K. (eds.) Exploring Music Contents: 7th International Symposium, CMMR 2010, Málaga, Spain, June 21-24, 2010. Revised Papers. pp. 60–75. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2011)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The European Journal of Health Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Three Men Receive Bionic Hands Controlled With Their Minds


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Space Station: Contract Oversight and Performance Provisions for Major Work Packages. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1992)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Encarnacion, M.: Does the use of clickers while incorporating small groups discussion increase student learning in the chemistry classroom, (2014)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K.: Baked by Hand, With Heart, (2009)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe European Journal of Health Economics
AbbreviationEur. J. Health Econ.
ISSN (print)1618-7598
ISSN (online)1618-7601
ScopeEconomics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)
Health Policy

Other styles