How to format your references using the The European Journal of Health Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The European Journal of Health Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Rupen, M.P.: Astronomy. Microquasar fireworks. Science. 298, 73–74 (2002)
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Gebhardt, J.C.M., Rief, M.: Biochemistry. Force signaling in biology. Science. 324, 1278–1280 (2009)
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Yoshikuni, Y., Ferrin, T.E., Keasling, J.D.: Designed divergent evolution of enzyme function. Nature. 440, 1078–1082 (2006)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Skarnes, W.C., Rosen, B., West, A.P., Koutsourakis, M., Bushell, W., Iyer, V., Mujica, A.O., Thomas, M., Harrow, J., Cox, T., Jackson, D., Severin, J., Biggs, P., Fu, J., Nefedov, M., de Jong, P.J., Stewart, A.F., Bradley, A.: A conditional knockout resource for the genome-wide study of mouse gene function. Nature. 474, 337–342 (2011)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Borgen, U.J., Nakrem, H.A.: Morphology, phylogeny and taxonomy of osteolepiform fish. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2016)
An edited book
1.
Sayigh, A. ed: Renewable Energy in the Service of Mankind Vol II: Selected Topics from the World Renewable Energy Congress WREC 2014. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Díaz-Fleischer, F., Piñero, J.C., Shelly, T.E.: Interactions Between Tephritid Fruit Fly Physiological State and Stimuli from Baits and Traps: Looking for the Pied Piper of Hamelin to Lure Pestiferous Fruit Flies. In: Shelly, T., Epsky, N., Jang, E.B., Reyes-Flores, J., and Vargas, R. (eds.) Trapping and the Detection, Control, and Regulation of Tephritid Fruit Flies: Lures, Area-Wide Programs, and Trade Implications. pp. 145–172. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2014)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The European Journal of Health Economics.

Blog post
1.
Andrew, E.: Vitamin B3 May Have Originated From Space, https://www.iflscience.com/chemistry/vitamin-b3-may-have-originated-space/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office: Information Security: Department of Education and Other Federal Agencies Need to Better Implement Controls. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2015)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Lake, A.D.: Hepatic stress response mechanisms in progressive human nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, (2013)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Gavin, J.: The Divine One, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe European Journal of Health Economics
AbbreviationEur. J. Health Econ.
ISSN (print)1618-7598
ISSN (online)1618-7601
ScopeEconomics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)
Health Policy

Other styles