How to format your references using the The European Journal of Health Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The European Journal of Health Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Snow, A.: Genetic engineering: unnatural selection. Nature. 424, 619 (2003)
A journal article with 2 authors
Blackstock, J.J., Long, J.C.S.: Climate change. The politics of geoengineering. Science. 327, 527 (2010)
A journal article with 3 authors
Dornelas, M., Connolly, S.R., Hughes, T.P.: Coral reef diversity refutes the neutral theory of biodiversity. Nature. 440, 80–82 (2006)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Rowland, H.D., King, W.P., Pethica, J.B., Cross, G.L.W.: Molecular confinement accelerates deformation of entangled polymers during squeeze flow. Science. 322, 720–724 (2008)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ray Chaudhuri, N., Chaudhuri, B., Majumder, R., Yazdani, A.: Multi-Terminal Direct-Current Grids. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ (2014)
An edited book
Dasari, A.: Polymer Nanocomposites: Towards Multi-Functionality. Springer, London (2016)
A chapter in an edited book
Logozzo, F., Venter, H.: RATA: Rapid Atomic Type Analysis by Abstract Interpretation – Application to JavaScript Optimization. In: Gupta, R. (ed.) Compiler Construction: 19th International Conference, CC 2010, Held as Part of the Joint European Conferences on Theory and Practice of Software, ETAPS 2010, Paphos, Cyprus, March 20-28, 2010. Proceedings. pp. 66–83. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2010)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The European Journal of Health Economics.

Blog post
Hale, T.: David Attenborough Signs Open Letter To End Experiments On Non-Human Primates,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Review of Energy Research and Development Administration’s Requirements for Safety Analysis Reports. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1976)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brister, M.H.: Attitudes of agriscience teachers, counselors, administrators, and students toward selected agriscience programs in Mississippi, (2008)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Reinhart, M.K.: Perla Farias and David Portugal Jr, (2010)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe European Journal of Health Economics
AbbreviationEur. J. Health Econ.
ISSN (print)1618-7598
ISSN (online)1618-7601
ScopeEconomics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)
Health Policy

Other styles