How to format your references using the The European Journal of Health Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The European Journal of Health Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Crabtree, R.H.: Chemistry. Creating ligands with multiple personalities. Science. 330, 455–456 (2010)
A journal article with 2 authors
Smith, N.G.C., Eyre-Walker, A.: Adaptive protein evolution in Drosophila. Nature. 415, 1022–1024 (2002)
A journal article with 3 authors
Hurst, L.D., Feil, E.J., Rocha, E.P.C.: Protein evolution: causes of trends in amino-acid gain and loss. Nature. 442, E11-2; discussion E12 (2006)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Su, H.-Y., Chen, J.-L., Wu, C., Deng, D.-L., Oh, C.H.: Testing Leggett’s inequality using Aharonov-Casher effect. Sci. Rep. 3, 2492 (2013)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Franco, P.: Understanding Bitcoin. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2014)
An edited book
Cueto, E.: Proper Generalized Decompositions: An Introduction to Computer Implementation with Matlab. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)
A chapter in an edited book
Thiel, A., König, B.: An institutional analysis of land use modelling in the European Commission. In: Helming, K., Pérez-Soba, M., and Tabbush, P. (eds.) Sustainability Impact Assessment of Land Use Changes. pp. 55–75. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2008)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The European Journal of Health Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Scientists Explore Strange ‘No-Man’s Land’ of Supercooled Water


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Early Childhood Programs: Multiple Programs and Overlapping Target Groups. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1994)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Casem, J.: Moku Ka Pawa: Drawn to the Light, (2009)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J.: It’s That ’80s Show, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe European Journal of Health Economics
AbbreviationEur. J. Health Econ.
ISSN (print)1618-7598
ISSN (online)1618-7601
ScopeEconomics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)
Health Policy

Other styles