How to format your references using the Biological Invasions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biological Invasions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McDonald RA (2014) Animal health: How to control bovine tuberculosis. Nature 511:158–159
A journal article with 2 authors
Saul J, Vinnik L (2003) Earth science: Mantle deformation or processing artefact? Nature 422:136; discussion 136
A journal article with 3 authors
Coaker G, Falick A, Staskawicz B (2005) Activation of a phytopathogenic bacterial effector protein by a eukaryotic cyclophilin. Science 308:548–550
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Rothschild D, Weissbrod O, Barkan E, et al (2018) Environment dominates over host genetics in shaping human gut microbiota. Nature 555:210–215

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Akivis MA, Goldberg VV (1996) Conformal Differential Geometry and Its Generalizations. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Diehl S, Terlutter R (eds) (2006) International Advertising and Communication: Current Insights and Empirical Findings. DUV, Wiesbaden
A chapter in an edited book
Tsao Y-S, Merchant AA, Meyer A, et al (2010) Integrated Pathway Analysis of Genome-Wide Expression Changes Associated with Serum-Free Suspension Adaptation of an Antibody-Producing Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) Cell Line. In: Kamihira M, Katakura Y, Ito A (eds) Animal Cell Technology: Basic & Applied Aspects: Proceedings of the 21st Annual and International Meeting of the Japanese Association for Animal Cell Technology (JAACT), Fukuoka, Japan, November 24-27, 2008. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 27–32

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biological Invasions.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Dengue Fever Vaccine Trial Shows Promise. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2017) Indian Affairs: Further Actions Needed to Improve Oversight and Accountability for School Safety Inspections. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stewart DA (2013) Principals’ post-observation feedback and its influence on teacher professional growth at two Southern California Catholic high schools. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J (2017) Mets in the Tournament Get Acquainted With Their Family Roots. New York Times D8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McDonald 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Saul and Vinnik 2003; McDonald 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Saul and Vinnik 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Rothschild et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiological Invasions
AbbreviationBiol. Invasions
ISSN (print)1387-3547
ISSN (online)1573-1464
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Ecology

Other styles