How to format your references using the Journal of Medical Toxicology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Medical Toxicology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Klug A. Structural biology. A marvellous machine for making messages. Science. 2001;292:1844–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Poggio T, Bizzi E. Generalization in vision and motor control. Nature. 2004;431:768–74.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Esper J, Cook ER, Schweingruber FH. Low-frequency signals in long tree-ring chronologies for reconstructing past temperature variability. Science. 2002;295:2250–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Zhao J, Li B, Chen Z, Qiu C-W. Manipulating acoustic wavefront by inhomogeneous impedance and steerable extraordinary reflection. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2537.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Balakrishnan N, Koutras MV. Runs and Scans with Applications: Balakrishnan/Runs. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2001.
An edited book
1. Braude SY, Salomonovich AE, Samanian VA, Shklovskii IS, Sorochenko RL, Troitskii VS, et al., editors. A Brief History of Radio Astronomy in the USSR: A Collection of Scientific Essays. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Geist A. MPI Must Evolve or Die. In: Lastovetsky A, Kechadi T, Dongarra J, editors. Recent Advances in Parallel Virtual Machine and Message Passing Interface: 15th European PVM/MPI Users’ Group Meeting, Dublin, Ireland, September 7-10, 2008 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. p. 5–5.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Medical Toxicology.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. 10 Things You Probably Don’t Know About Orgasms. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Direct Student Loans: Legality of Regulations Authorizing Origination Fee Reduction. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999 Sep. Report No.: B-283717.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Simmons-Johnson N. The path to graduation: A model interactive Web site design supporting doctoral students [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Adkins M. The Race to Beat ‘Best Before.’ New York Times. 2014 May 4;MB3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Medical Toxicology
AbbreviationJ. Med. Toxicol.
ISSN (print)1556-9039
ISSN (online)1937-6995
ScopeHealth, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
Toxicology

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