How to format your references using the Journal of Medical Toxicology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Medical Toxicology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Bernardini E. Astronomy. Astronomy in the time domain. Science. 2011;331:686–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Rieseberg LH, Willis JH. Plant speciation. Science. 2007;317:910–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Carbone F, Kwon O-H, Zewail AH. Dynamics of chemical bonding mapped by energy-resolved 4D electron microscopy. Science. 2009;325:181–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Amieva MR, Vogelmann R, Covacci A, Tompkins LS, Nelson WJ, Falkow S. Disruption of the epithelial apical-junctional complex by Helicobacter pylori CagA. Science. 2003;300:1430–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Van Der Pijl P, Solomon LK, Lokitz J. How To Design a Better Business. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1. Haasis H-D, Kopfer H, Schönberger J, editors. Operations Research Proceedings 2005: Selected Papers of the Annual International Conference of the German Operations Research Society (GOR), Bremen, September 7–9, 2005. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Zarankin A, Salerno M. So Far, So Close. Approaching Experience in the Study of the Encounter Between Sealers and the South Shetland Islands (Antarctica, Nineteenth Century). In: Peder R, van der Watt L-M, Howkins A, editors. Antarctica and the Humanities. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016. p. 79–103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Medical Toxicology.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Top Ten Newly-Discovered Species. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Acquisition Workforce: DOT Lacks Data, Oversight, and Strategic Focus Needed to Address Significant Workforce Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2013 Jan. Report No.: GAO-13-117.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Miller RJ. An Investigation Examining the Perceived Implications of Principal Leadership Changing A Large Comprehensive High School into Smaller Learning Communities [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Feeney K. Cupcakes a Chicken Can Love. New York Times. 2007 Nov 18;NJ12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Medical Toxicology
AbbreviationJ. Med. Toxicol.
ISSN (print)1556-9039
ISSN (online)1937-6995
ScopeHealth, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
Toxicology

Other styles