How to format your references using the Journal of Medical Toxicology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Medical Toxicology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Bonetta L. Protein-protein interactions: Real-time analysis. Nature. 2010;468:854.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Lloyd K, White J. Democratizing clinical research. Nature. 2011;474:277–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Solov’yov IA, Domratcheva T, Schulten K. Separation of photo-induced radical pair in cryptochrome to a functionally critical distance. Sci Rep. 2014;4:3845.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Vardi A, Van Mooy BAS, Fredricks HF, Popendorf KJ, Ossolinski JE, Haramaty L, et al. Viral glycosphingolipids induce lytic infection and cell death in marine phytoplankton. Science. 2009;326:861–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Levin R. Implementing the Wealth Management Index. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1. Müller TJJ, editor. Metal Catalyzed Cascade Reactions. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Rijken C, Römkens R. Trafficking for Sexual Purposes as a Globalized Shadow Economy: Human Security as the Tool to Facilitate a Human Rights Based Approach. In: Letschert R, van Dijk J, editors. The New Faces of Victimhood: Globalization, Transnational Crimes and Victim Rights. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011. p. 73–98.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Medical Toxicology.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Diverse Species Of World’s Largest Lake Threatened By Mongolian Dam And Pipeline [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/diverse-species-world-s-largest-lake-threatened-mongolian-dam-and-pipeline/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. VA Information Technology: Important Initiatives Begun, Yet Serious Vulnerabilities Persist. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001 Apr. Report No.: GAO-01-550T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Trump RK. Self -brand overlap and dissociation [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tucson, AZ]: University of Arizona; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Walsh MW. As Puerto Rico Defaults, Eyes Turn to Washington. New York Times. 2016 May 3;B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Medical Toxicology
AbbreviationJ. Med. Toxicol.
ISSN (print)1556-9039
ISSN (online)1937-6995
ScopeHealth, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
Toxicology

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