How to format your references using the Journal of Medical Toxicology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Medical Toxicology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Potenza M. Perspective: Behavioural addictions matter. Nature. 2015;522:S62.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Joshi NS, Jacks T. Immunology. Guilty by association. Science. 2013;339:1160–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Shoemaker CJ, Eyler DE, Green R. Dom34:Hbs1 promotes subunit dissociation and peptidyl-tRNA drop-off to initiate no-go decay. Science. 2010;330:369–72.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Nielsen SG, Rehkämper M, Norman MD, Halliday AN, Harrison D. Thallium isotopic evidence for ferromanganese sediments in the mantle source of Hawaiian basalts. Nature. 2006;439:314–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Marston RC. Portfolio Design. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1. Lencioni R, editor. Enhancing the Role of Ultrasound with Contrast Agents. Milano: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Ebihara Y, Peaucelle D, Arzelier D. Robust State-Feedback Synthesis for LTI Systems. In: Peaucelle D, Arzelier D, editors. S-Variable Approach to LMI-Based Robust Control. London: Springer; 2015. p. 107–37.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Medical Toxicology.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. The Search of Life Beneath the Ice: Why we’re Going Back to Europa [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/search-life-beneath-ice-why-we-re-going-back-europa/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Higher Education: Tuition Increases and Colleges’ Efforts to Contain Costs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998 Sep. Report No.: HEHS-98-227.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Sharma V. Functional Characterization of Na+/Ca2+ Exchangers in Caenorhabditis elegans [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kelly M. THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: The Democrats; Clinton Predicts Bush Will Trim Social Security. New York Times. 1992 Sep 4;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Medical Toxicology
AbbreviationJ. Med. Toxicol.
ISSN (print)1556-9039
ISSN (online)1937-6995
ScopeHealth, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
Toxicology

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