How to format your references using the Journal of Medical Toxicology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Medical Toxicology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Zewail AH. The fog that was not. Nature. 2001;412:279.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Thodey K, Smolke CD. Cell biology. Bringing it together with RNA. Science. 2011;333:412–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Mossinger J, White M, Goymer P. Coastal regions. Nature. 2013;504:35.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Falkowski PG, Katz ME, Milligan AJ, Fennel K, Cramer BS, Aubry MP, et al. The rise of oxygen over the past 205 million years and the evolution of large placental mammals. Science. 2005;309:2202–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Weverka P. Microsoft® PowerPoint® 2010 All-in-One for Dummies®. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1. Sarro F, Deb K, editors. Search Based Software Engineering: 8th International Symposium, SSBSE 2016, Raleigh, NC, USA, October 8-10, 2016, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Carey FA, Sundberg RJ. Electrophilic Additions to Carbon-Carbon Multiple Bonds. In: Sundberg RJ, editor. Advanced Organic Chemistry: Part B: Reactions and Synthesis. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2007. p. 289–365.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Medical Toxicology.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Aging of Brain and Muscles Reversed Through Protein Therapy [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/aging-brain-and-muscles-reversed-through-protein-therapy/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Meeting the Government’s Technology Challenge: Results of a GAO Symposium. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990 Feb. Report No.: IMTEC-90-23.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Curry M. Students’ perceptions of entrepreneurship at a historically black university in central Mississippi [Doctoral dissertation]. [Mississippi State, MS]: Mississippi State University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1. Paulson M. ‘Lesser God’ Is Headed For a Broadway Revival. New York Times. 2017 Aug 15;C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Medical Toxicology
AbbreviationJ. Med. Toxicol.
ISSN (print)1556-9039
ISSN (online)1937-6995
ScopeHealth, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
Toxicology

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