How to format your references using the International Journal of Health Promotion and Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Health Promotion and Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Manuelidis, L. 2000. “Penny Wise, Pound Foolish-a Retrospective.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 290 (5500): 2257b.
A journal article with 2 authors
John, Beena, and Christopher A. Hunter. 2008. “Immunology. Neutrophil Soldiers or Trojan Horses?” Science (New York, N.Y.) 321 (5891): 917–918.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yoon, Suk-Jin, Sukyoung Ken Yi, and Young-Wook Lee. 2006. “Explaining the Color Distributions of Globular Cluster Systems in Elliptical Galaxies.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 311 (5764): 1129–1132.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Stuart, Joshua M., Eran Segal, Daphne Koller, and Stuart K. Kim. 2003. “A Gene-Coexpression Network for Global Discovery of Conserved Genetic Modules.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 302 (5643): 249–255.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D’Amico, Guglielmo, Giuseppe Di Biase, Jacques Janssen, and Raimondo Manca. 2017. Semi-Markov Migration Models for Credit Risk. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ahmad, Muhammad Aurangzeb, Cuihua Shen, Jaideep Srivastava, and Noshir Contractor, eds. 2014. Predicting Real World Behaviors from Virtual World Data. Springer Proceedings in Complexity. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Middleton, Beth A., and Till Kleinebecker. 2012. “The Effects of Climate-Change-Induced Drought and Freshwater Wetlands.” In Global Change and the Function and Distribution of Wetlands, edited by Beth A. Middleton, 117–147. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Health Promotion and Education.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2016. “Kepler Finds More ‘Earth-Like Planets’, But Are They Really Like Earth?” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1992. EOS Data Policy: Questions Remain About U.S. Commercial Access. IMTEC-92-44. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Einziger, Hillary. 2010. “Incidence Hopf Algebras: Antipodes, Forest Formulas, and Noncrossing Partitions.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barry, Ellen. 2017. “Fraud Culture Rises in India, Aiming at U.S.” New York Times, January 3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Manuelidis 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Manuelidis 2000; John and Hunter 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (John and Hunter 2008)
  • Three authors: (Yoon, Yi, and Lee 2006)
  • 4 or more authors: (Stuart et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Health Promotion and Education
AbbreviationInt. J. Health Promot. Educ.
ISSN (print)1463-5240
ISSN (online)2164-9545
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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