How to format your references using the International Journal of Health Promotion and Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Health Promotion and Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pain, Elisabeth. 2008. “Science Careers. Measuring the Impact of Invasive Plants.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 320 (5882): 1516.
A journal article with 2 authors
Agarwal, Nisheeth, and William R. Bishai. 2010. “Microbiology. Subversion from the Sidelines.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 327 (5964): 417–418.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ichimura, Takashi, Kohei Fujiwara, and Hidekazu Tanaka. 2014. “Dual Field Effects in Electrolyte-Gated Spinel Ferrite: Electrostatic Carrier Doping and Redox Reactions.” Scientific Reports 4 (July): 5818.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Sun, Kai, Xuqin Xie, Jing Xie, Shufan Jiao, Xiaojing Chen, Xue Zhao, Xin Wang, and Lixin Wei. 2014. “Cell-Based Therapy for Acute and Chronic Liver Failures: Distinct Diseases, Different Choices.” Scientific Reports 4 (September): 6494.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pardoux, Étienne. 2008. Markov Processes and Applications: Algorithms, Networks, Genome and Finance. Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Deng, Hepu, Duoqian Miao, Jingsheng Lei, and Fu Lee Wang, eds. 2011. Artificial Intelligence and Computational Intelligence: Third International Conference, AICI 2011, Taiyuan, China, September 24-25, 2011, Proceedings, Part II. Vol. 7003. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Dordas, Christos. 2015. “Nutrient Management Perspectives in Conservation Agriculture.” In Conservation Agriculture, edited by Muhammad Farooq and Kadambot H. M. Siddique, 79–107. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Health Promotion and Education.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. 2014. “Doubt Raised About Higgs Boson Discovery.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2015. Higher Education: Better Management of Federal Grant and Loan Forgiveness Programs for Teachers Needed to Improve Participant Outcomes. GAO-15-314. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Torres, Manuel F. 2009. “The Effect of Mergers and Acquisitions in the Information Technology Organizational Structures.” Doctoral dissertation, Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, Kelly. 2002. “Some Merchants Tire of Going Hollywood.” New York Times, July 7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pain 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Pain 2008; Agarwal and Bishai 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Agarwal and Bishai 2010)
  • Three authors: (Ichimura, Fujiwara, and Tanaka 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Sun et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Health Promotion and Education
AbbreviationInt. J. Health Promot. Educ.
ISSN (print)1463-5240
ISSN (online)2164-9545
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles