How to format your references using the International Journal of Health Promotion and Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Health Promotion and Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ostriker, Jeremiah P. 2005. “Obituary: John Norris Bahcall 1935-2005.” Nature 437 (7055): 43.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yin, Yadong, and A. Paul Alivisatos. 2005. “Colloidal Nanocrystal Synthesis and the Organic-Inorganic Interface.” Nature 437 (7059): 664–670.
A journal article with 3 authors
Salganik, Matthew J., Peter Sheridan Dodds, and Duncan J. Watts. 2006. “Experimental Study of Inequality and Unpredictability in an Artificial Cultural Market.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 311 (5762): 854–856.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Wang, Yongjin, Hai Cheng, R. Lawrence Edwards, Yaoqi He, Xinggong Kong, Zhisheng An, Jiangying Wu, Megan J. Kelly, Carolyn A. Dykoski, and Xiangdong Li. 2005. “The Holocene Asian Monsoon: Links to Solar Changes and North Atlantic Climate.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 308 (5723): 854–857.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety. 2015. Guidelines for Defining Process Safety Competency Requirements. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Delany, Sarah Jane, and Santiago Ontañón, eds. 2013. Case-Based Reasoning Research and Development: 21st International Conference, ICCBR 2013, Saratoga Springs, NY, USA, July 8-11, 2013. Proceedings. Vol. 7969. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Andreeva, Elena, Bart Mennink, and Bart Preneel. 2011. “Security Reductions of the Second Round SHA-3 Candidates.” In Information Security: 13th International Conference, ISC 2010, Boca Raton, FL, USA, October 25-28, 2010, Revised Selected Papers, edited by Mike Burmester, Gene Tsudik, Spyros Magliveras, and Ivana Ilić, 39–53. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Health Promotion and Education.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. 2015. “First New Antibiotic In 30 Years Could Prove Crucial In Fight Against Superbugs.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1995. Improving Federal Performance in the Information Age: Issues and Opportunities--Fiscal Years 1996-98. IAP-95-29. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ilag, Greg M. 2014. “An Examination of the Entity Participants’ Collaborative Partnerships within the United Nations Global Compact.” Doctoral dissertation, Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, James. 2017. “Brought Together by a Fight With Cancer and a Love of Baseball.” New York Times, June 16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ostriker 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Ostriker 2005; Yin and Alivisatos 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yin and Alivisatos 2005)
  • Three authors: (Salganik, Dodds, and Watts 2006)
  • 4 or more authors: (Wang et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Health Promotion and Education
AbbreviationInt. J. Health Promot. Educ.
ISSN (print)1463-5240
ISSN (online)2164-9545
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles