How to format your references using the International Journal of Health Promotion and Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Health Promotion and Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goodnow, Christopher C. 2006. “Immunology. Discriminating Microbe from Self Suffers a Double Toll.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 312 (5780): 1606–1608.
A journal article with 2 authors
Williams, Stephen R., and Greg J. Stuart. 2002. “Dependence of EPSP Efficacy on Synapse Location in Neocortical Pyramidal Neurons.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 295 (5561): 1907–1910.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xu, Yanping, Yajamana Ramu, and Zhe Lu. 2008. “Removal of Phospho-Head Groups of Membrane Lipids Immobilizes Voltage Sensors of K+ Channels.” Nature 451 (7180): 826–829.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Watanabe, Rikiya, Naoki Soga, Tomoko Yamanaka, and Hiroyuki Noji. 2014. “High-Throughput Formation of Lipid Bilayer Membrane Arrays with an Asymmetric Lipid Composition.” Scientific Reports 4 (November): 7076.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Segura, Jaume, and Charles F. Hawkins. 2005. CMOS Electronics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Chen, Luonan. 2010. Modeling Biomolecular Networks in Cells: Structures and Dynamics. Edited by Ruiqi Wang, Chunguang Li, and Kazuyuki Aihara. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kaushika, N. D., K. S. Reddy, and Kshitij Kaushik. 2016. “Conventional Energy and Power System.” In Sustainable Energy and the Environment: A Clean Technology Approach, edited by K. S. Reddy and Kshitij Kaushik, 43–60. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Health Promotion and Education.

Blog post
Taub, Ben. 2016. “Dolphin Catapults Porpoise In Deadly Attack.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1996. Airline Deregulation: Changes in Airfares, Service, and Safety at Small, Medium-Sized, and Large Communities. RCED-96-79. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Grantham, Sarah Catherine. 2014. “Dual Eligibles’ Experience of Care in North Carolina’s Patient-Centered Medical Home.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, Linda. 2007. “Supreme Court Reconsiders Pivotal Louisiana Case on Racial Selection of Juries.” New York Times, December 5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Goodnow 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Goodnow 2006; Williams and Stuart 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Williams and Stuart 2002)
  • Three authors: (Xu, Ramu, and Lu 2008)
  • 4 or more authors: (Watanabe et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Health Promotion and Education
AbbreviationInt. J. Health Promot. Educ.
ISSN (print)1463-5240
ISSN (online)2164-9545
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles