How to format your references using the International Journal of Health Promotion and Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Health Promotion and Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Teitelbaum, Michael S. 2008. “Research Funding. Structural Disequilibria in Biomedical Research.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 321 (5889): 644–645.
A journal article with 2 authors
Worby, Carolyn A., and Jack E. Dixon. 2006. “Microbiology. Bacteria Seize Control by Acetylating Host Proteins.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 312 (5777): 1150–1151.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ta, Van Duong, Rui Chen, and Han Dong Sun. 2013. “Tuning Whispering Gallery Mode Lasing from Self-Assembled Polymer Droplets.” Scientific Reports 3: 1362.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Piotrowski, Alexander M., Steven L. Goldstein, Sidney R. Hemming, and Richard G. Fairbanks. 2005. “Temporal Relationships of Carbon Cycling and Ocean Circulation at Glacial Boundaries.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 307 (5717): 1933–1938.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Marroni, Leonardo, and Irene Perdomo. 2013. Pricing and Hedging Financial Derivatives. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Cortajarena, Aitziber L., and Tijana Z. Grove, eds. 2016. Protein-Based Engineered Nanostructures. Vol. 940. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Fishman, Loren M., Alena Polesin, and Steven Sampson. 2007. “Piriformis Syndrome.” In Therapeutic Uses of Botulinum Toxin, edited by Grant Cooper, 61–74. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Health Promotion and Education.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Giant Squid Tries To Steal Fish From Russian Fishing Boat.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2010. Highway Bridge Program: Condition of Nation’s Bridges Shows Limited Improvement, but Further Actions Could Enhance the Impact of Federal Investment. GAO-10-930T. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lancaster, Gwendolyn. 2014. “Understanding Interdisciplinary Communication and Collaboration among Physicians, Nurses, and Unlicensed Assistive Personnel.” Doctoral dissertation, Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, James. 2017. “Alone Among Starters: Healthy and Dominant.” New York Times, July 25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Teitelbaum 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Teitelbaum 2008; Worby and Dixon 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Worby and Dixon 2006)
  • Three authors: (Ta, Chen, and Sun 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Piotrowski et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Health Promotion and Education
AbbreviationInt. J. Health Promot. Educ.
ISSN (print)1463-5240
ISSN (online)2164-9545
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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