How to format your references using the International Journal of Health Promotion and Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Health Promotion and Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. 2001. “Big or Small Neuroscience?” Nature 414 (6860): 3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Menezes, Telmo, and Camille Roth. 2014. “Symbolic Regression of Generative Network Models.” Scientific Reports 4 (September): 6284.
A journal article with 3 authors
McGuire, Jeffrey J., Margaret S. Boettcher, and Thomas H. Jordan. 2005. “Foreshock Sequences and Short-Term Earthquake Predictability on East Pacific Rise Transform Faults.” Nature 434 (7032): 457–461.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Yagita, K., F. Tamanini, G. T. van Der Horst, and H. Okamura. 2001. “Molecular Mechanisms of the Biological Clock in Cultured Fibroblasts.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 292 (5515): 278–281.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cooke, Roger. 2007. Classical Algebra: Its Nature, Origins, and Uses. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Orshansky, Michael. 2008. Design for Manufacturability and Statistical Design: A Constructive Approach. Edited by Sani R. Nassif and Duane Boning. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Awrejcewicz, Jan. 2009. “Thermoelastic Contact of Two Moving Layers with Friction and Wear.” In Nonsmooth Dynamics of Contacting Thermoelastic Bodies, edited by Jan Awrejcewicz, 1–15. Advances in Mechanics and Mathematics. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Health Promotion and Education.

Blog post
Taub, Ben. 2016. “‘Cuckoo Mafia’ Goes After Victims’ Families.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1977. Educational Assistance for Institutionalized Neglected or Delinquent Children. 103697. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Graham, Heidi H. 2010. “Leadership as Co-Influencing: A Heuristic Narrative Study of Dynamic Co-Emergence within the Leadership Relationship.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, George. 2014. “An Alluring Summer Song, Echoed Through Eight World Cups.” New York Times, May 10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik 2001; Menezes and Roth 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Menezes and Roth 2014)
  • Three authors: (McGuire, Boettcher, and Jordan 2005)
  • 4 or more authors: (Yagita et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Health Promotion and Education
AbbreviationInt. J. Health Promot. Educ.
ISSN (print)1463-5240
ISSN (online)2164-9545
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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