How to format your references using the Fibers citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fibers. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Waychunas, G.A. Interfacial Chemistry. Disrupting Dissolving Ions at Surfaces with Fluid Flow. Science 2014, 344, 1094–1095.
A journal article with 2 authors
Buschman, T.J.; Miller, E.K. Top-down versus Bottom-up Control of Attention in the Prefrontal and Posterior Parietal Cortices. Science 2007, 315, 1860–1862.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mizutani, A.; Chahl, J.S.; Srinivasan, M.V. Insect Behaviour: Motion Camouflage in Dragonflies. Nature 2003, 423, 604.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hansen, S.G.; Powers, C.J.; Richards, R.; Ventura, A.B.; Ford, J.C.; Siess, D.; Axthelm, M.K.; Nelson, J.A.; Jarvis, M.A.; Picker, L.J.; et al. Evasion of CD8+ T Cells Is Critical for Superinfection by Cytomegalovirus. Science 2010, 328, 102–106.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sommers-Flanagan, J.; Sommers-Flanagan, R. Tough Kids Cool Counseling; American Counseling Association: Alexandria, VA, USA, 2015; ISBN 9781119221623.
An edited book
Future Generation Information Technology: Second International Conference, FGIT 2010, Jeju Island, Korea, December 13-15, 2010. Proceedings; Kim, T.-H., Lee, Y.-H., Kang, B.-H., Ślęzak, D., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010; Vol. 6485; ISBN 9783642175688.
A chapter in an edited book
Dascal, M. The Elements of Thinking. In Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz: The Art of Controversies; Dascal, M., Ed.; The New Synthese Historical Library; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2006; pp. 29–34 ISBN 9781402081903.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fibers.

Blog post
Fang, J. Ancient Spider-Like Predator Resurrected Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office NASA Performance Awards; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1980;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wang, T. Talking to Strangers: Chinese Youth and Social Media. Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego: La Jolla, CA, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, B.; Kelly, K. Saudi Arabia’s Plan to Move Past Oil: Big Goals and Hurdles. New York Times 2017, A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFibers
AbbreviationFibers (Basel)
ISSN (online)2079-6439

Other styles