How to format your references using the Fibers citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fibers. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Powell, K. The Staff Dreams Are Made Of. Nature 2005, 435, 242–243.
A journal article with 2 authors
Coles, H.J.; Pivnenko, M.N. Liquid Crystal “blue Phases” with a Wide Temperature Range. Nature 2005, 436, 997–1000.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bezryadin, A.; Lau, C.N.; Tinkham, M. Quantum Suppression of Superconductivity in Ultrathin Nanowires. Nature 2000, 404, 971–974.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Metsanurk, E.; Tamm, A.; Caro, A.; Aabloo, A.; Klintenberg, M. First-Principles Study of Point Defects at a Semicoherent Interface. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 7567.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Perrin, V. MRI Techniques; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ USA, 2013; ISBN 9781118761281.
An edited book
Biliary Tract and Gallbladder Cancer: A Multidisciplinary Approach; Herman, J.M., Pawlik, T.M., Thomas, C.R., Jr., Eds.; Medical Radiology; 2nd ed. 2014.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2014; ISBN 9783642405570.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang, J.T.L.; Wen, D.; Shapiro, B.A.; Herbert, K.G.; Li, J.; Ghosh, K. Toward an Integrated RNA Motif Database. In Data Integration in the Life Sciences: 4th International Workshop, DILS 2007, Philadelphia, PA, USA, June 27-29, 2007. Proceedings; Cohen-Boulakia, S., Tannen, V., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007; pp. 27–36 ISBN 9783540732549.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fibers.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Court Declares Captive Orangutan Is “Non-Human Person” Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Amtrak: Issues for Reauthorization; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1995;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kino, M.Y. My Concierge MD, Inc. a Business Plan. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. Dodgers’ Rookie Manager Learns, and Acts, Quickly. New York Times 2016, D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFibers
AbbreviationFibers (Basel)
ISSN (online)2079-6439

Other styles