How to format your references using the Fibers citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fibers. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Roubik, D.W. The Value of Bees to the Coffee Harvest. Nature 2002, 417, 708.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chen, X.; Yan, G.-Y. Semi-Supervised Learning for Potential Human MicroRNA-Disease Associations Inference. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 5501.
A journal article with 3 authors
Culley, A.I.; Lang, A.S.; Suttle, C.A. Metagenomic Analysis of Coastal RNA Virus Communities. Science 2006, 312, 1795–1798.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Venter, O.; Laurance, W.F.; Iwamura, T.; Wilson, K.A.; Fuller, R.A.; Possingham, H.P. Harnessing Carbon Payments to Protect Biodiversity. Science 2009, 326, 1368.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stokes, G. A Practical Guide to the Wiring Regulations; Blackwell Science Ltd: Oxford, UK, 2008; ISBN 9780470774434.
An edited book
de la Fuente, M.S. Origin, Evolution and Biogeographic History of South American Turtles; Sterli, J., Maniel, I., Eds.; Springer Earth System Sciences; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2014; ISBN 9783319005171.
A chapter in an edited book
Batini, C.; Pernici, B. Data Quality Management and Evolution of Information Systems. In The Past and Future of Information Systems: 1976–2006 and Beyond: IFIP 19th World Computer Congress, TC-8, Information System Stream, August 21–23, 2006, Santiago, Chile; Avison, D., Elliot, S., Krogstie, J., Pries-Heje, J., Eds.; IFIP International Federation for Information Processing; Springer US: Boston, MA, 2006; pp. 51–62 ISBN 9780387346311.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fibers.

Blog post
Andrews, R. Ferocious “Hypercarnivore” Unearthed In Northwestern Australia Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Space Shuttle: Upgrade Activities and Carryover Balances; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1997;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Obakhume, D.A. An Aftercare Program for Female Survivors of Domestic Abuse: A Grant Proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. Workout Not Required. New York Times 2016, F3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFibers
AbbreviationFibers (Basel)
ISSN (online)2079-6439

Other styles