How to format your references using the Fibers citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fibers. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nedergaard, M. Neuroscience. Garbage Truck of the Brain. Science 2013, 340, 1529–1530.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cochella, L.; Green, R. An Active Role for TRNA in Decoding beyond Codon:Anticodon Pairing. Science 2005, 308, 1178–1180.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pfingsten, J.S.; Costantino, D.A.; Kieft, J.S. Structural Basis for Ribosome Recruitment and Manipulation by a Viral IRES RNA. Science 2006, 314, 1450–1454.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wright, B.J.; O’Brien, S.; Hazi, A.; Kent, S. Increased Systolic Blood Pressure Reactivity to Acute Stress Is Related with Better Self-Reported Health. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 6882.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Leibowitz, M.L.; Bova, A.; Hammond, P.B. The Endowment Model of Investing; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2010; ISBN 9781118266533.
An edited book
Chui, C.K. Kalman Filtering: With Real-Time Applications; Chen, G., Ed.; 4th ed.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009; ISBN 9783540878483.
A chapter in an edited book
Tootooni, M.S.; Fan, M.; Sivasubramony, R.S.; Chou, C.-A.; Miskovic, V.; Rao, P.K. Graph Theoretic Compressive Sensing Approach for Classification of Global Neurophysiological States from Electroencephalography (EEG) Signals. In Brain Informatics and Health: International Conference, BIH 2016, Omaha, NE, USA, October 13-16, 2016 Proceedings; Ascoli, G.A., Hawrylycz, M., Ali, H., Khazanchi, D., Shi, Y., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; pp. 42–51 ISBN 9783319471020.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fibers.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. Boeing Delays Launch Of Its New Manned Spacecraft To 2018 Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Federal Research: Preliminary Information on the Small Business Technology Transfer Program; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1996;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ryan, H.L. Normalizing Happiness: The Rhetoric of Depression in Direct -to -Consumer Advertising. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona: Tucson, AZ, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Loomis, G. Opera of the Soul, Sparsely Staged. New York Times 2012, 0.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFibers
AbbreviationFibers (Basel)
ISSN (online)2079-6439

Other styles