How to format your references using the Fibers citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fibers. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pikitch, E.K. Oceans. The risks of overfishing. Science 2012, 338, 474–475.
A journal article with 2 authors
Allenby, B.; Fink, J. Toward inherently secure and resilient societies. Science 2005, 309, 1034–1036.
A journal article with 3 authors
Prokopenko, A.A.; Karabanov, E.B.; Williams, D.F. Age of long sediment cores from Lake Baikal. Nature 2002, 415, 976.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Beghi, E.; Bendotti, C.; Mennini, T.; Miller, T.; Cleveland, D. Merits of a New Drug Trial for ALS? Science 2005, 308, 632b–633b.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Blackford, R. Freedom of Religion and the Secular State; Wiley-Blackwell: Oxford, UK, 2012; ISBN 9781118153321.
An edited book
Trends in Practical Applications of Agents and Multiagent Systems: 10th International Conference on Practical Applications of Agents and Multi-Agent Systems; Rodríguez, J.M.C., Pérez, J.B., Golinska, P., Giroux, S., Corchuelo, R., Eds.; Advances in Intelligent and Soft Computing; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012; Vol. 157; ISBN 9783642287947.
A chapter in an edited book
Saharan, V.; Pal, A. Biological Activities of Chitosan-Based Nanomaterials. In Chitosan Based Nanomaterials in Plant Growth and Protection; Pal, A., Ed.; SpringerBriefs in Plant Science; Springer India: New Delhi, 2016; pp. 33–41 ISBN 9788132235996.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fibers.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Can The Power Grid Survive A Cyberattack? Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Crop Forecasting by Satellite: Progress and Problems; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1978;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hitchings, J.D. Teachers’ perceptions of evidence-based decision making: A case study of three schools in British Columbia. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix: Phoenix, AZ, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C. A No. 2 Theater Company Grabs the State Spotlight. New York Times 2011, A25B.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFibers
AbbreviationFibers (Basel)
ISSN (online)2079-6439

Other styles