How to format your references using the Journal of Medical Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Medical Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schiermeier Q. Nobel laureate slams misconduct smear. Nature 2003;421(6925):773.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gittis AH, Brasier DJ. NEUROSCIENCE. Astrocytes tell neurons when to listen up. Science 2015;349(6249):690–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
Biankin AV, Piantadosi S, Hollingsworth SJ. Patient-centric trials for therapeutic development in precision oncology. Nature 2015;526(7573):361–70.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Xu Z, Zhu X, Yu Y, Zhang N, Zhao J. Super-luminescent jet light generated by femtosecond laser pulses. Sci Rep 2014;4:3892.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Douglas B. Achieving Business Success with GIS. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2008.
An edited book
Hondeghem A, Rousseaux X, Schoenaers F, editors. Modernisation of the Criminal Justice Chain and the Judicial System: New Insights on Trust, Cooperation and Human Capital. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Gosling P, Noordam B. Designing Good Experiments. In: Noordam LD, editor. Mastering Your PhD: Survival and Success in the Doctoral Years and Beyond. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. page 35–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Medical Physics.

Blog post
Davis J. “Secret Ginger Gene” May Increase Risk Of Developing Skin Cancer [Internet]. IFLScience2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Evaluation of NASA Comments on Consolidated Space Operations Center. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1982.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hemschik TK. Course designs, instructional strategies, and support systems in K–8 online education: A case study. 2008;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Daoud K. The French Disconnection. New York Times2017;A27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Medical Physics
AbbreviationJ. Med. Phys.
ISSN (print)0971-6203
ISSN (online)1998-3913
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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