How to format your references using the Briefings in Bioinformatics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Briefings in Bioinformatics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Thamdrup B. Geochemistry. New players in an ancient cycle. Science 2007; 317:1508–1509
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Serbina NV, Pamer EG. Immunology. Giving credit where credit is due. Science 2003; 301:1856–1857
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Maisel SB, Höfler M, Müller S. A canonical stability-elasticity relationship verified for one million face-centred-cubic structures. Nature 2012; 491:740–743
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1. Abram NJ, Gagan MK, Liu Z, et al. Seasonal characteristics of the Indian Ocean Dipole during the Holocene epoch. Nature 2007; 445:299–302

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Sericola B. Markov Chains. 2013;
An edited book
1. . Correct Hardware Design and Verification Methods: 13th IFIP WG 10.5 Advanced Research Working Conference, CHARME 2005, Saarbrücken, Germany, October 3-6, 2005. Proceedings. 2005; 3725:
A chapter in an edited book
1. Krutmann J, Gilchrest BA. Photoaging of Skin. Skin Aging 2006; 33–43

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Briefings in Bioinformatics.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Mutations Found In 115 Year Old Woman’s Blood Could Help Unlock Secrets Of Aging. IFLScience 2014;

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. FAA Budget: 1991 Funding Request for Computers and Communications Can Be Reduced. 1990;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Powell FM. A study of the effects of nanoparticle modification on the thermal, mechanical and hygrothermal performance of carbon/vinyl ester composites. 2012;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Saslow L. The Week; County Bans Sale of Plants That Are Deemed Harmful. New York Times 2007; 14LI2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBriefings in Bioinformatics
AbbreviationBrief. Bioinform.
ISSN (print)1467-5463
ISSN (online)1477-4054
ScopeMolecular Biology
Information Systems

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