How to format your references using the European Geriatric Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Geriatric Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Goodman S. Bricks and mortar. Nature 2004;427:660.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Palmer L, Lynch G. Neuroscience. A Kantian view of space. Science 2010;328:1487–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Lai Y-T, Cascio D, Yeates TO. Structure of a 16-nm cage designed by using protein oligomers. Science 2012;336:1129.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Croft MT, Lawrence AD, Raux-Deery E, Warren MJ, Smith AG. Algae acquire vitamin B12 through a symbiotic relationship with bacteria. Nature 2005;438:90–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Smith MC, Sherman DM. Goat Medicine. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2009.
An edited book
[1]
Orshansky M. Design for Manufacturability and Statistical Design: A Constructive Approach. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Wang G, Wang H, Tao X, Zhang J. Finding Weighted Positive Influence Dominating Set to Make Impact to Negatives: A Study on Online Social Networks in the New Millennium. In: Kaur H, Tao X, editors. ICTs and the Millennium Development Goals: A United Nations Perspective, Boston, MA: Springer US; 2014, p. 67–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Geriatric Medicine.

Blog post
[1]
Taub B. Parkinson’s Disease Could Soon Be Detected With An Eye Test. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/parkinsons-disease-soon-detected-eye-test/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: Market Developments in the Global Satellite Services Industry and the Implementation of the ORBIT Act. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Galvarin M. Special education paraeducators as instructional support. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Billard M. For the Boots of Fall, Fur Rules. New York Times 2010:E6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Geriatric Medicine
AbbreviationEur. Geriatr. Med.
ISSN (print)1878-7649
ScopeGeriatrics and Gerontology
Gerontology

Other styles