How to format your references using the European Geriatric Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Geriatric Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Thompson SM. Neuroscience. Matching at the synapse. Science 2005;308:800–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Bodner S, Paine C. When peer review fails. Nature 2000;407:129–30.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Segawa Y, Yamashita M, Nozaki K. Boryllithium: isolation, characterization, and reactivity as a boryl anion. Science 2006;314:113–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Cirelli C, Bushey D, Hill S, Huber R, Kreber R, Ganetzky B, et al. Reduced sleep in Drosophila Shaker mutants. Nature 2005;434:1087–92.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Phillips JJ, Trotter WD, Phillips PP. Maximizing the Value of Consulting. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
[1]
Matranga V, editor. Echinodermata. vol. 39. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Ong ST, Chew FT. Reconstructing the Repertoire of Mite Allergens by Recombinant DNA Technology. In: Pawankar R, Holgate ST, Rosenwasser LJ, editors. Allergy Frontiers: Future Perspectives, Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2010, p. 49–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Geriatric Medicine.

Blog post
[1]
Luntz S. Sensing Gravity With Acid. IFLScience 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/sensing-gravity-acid/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. University Funding: Patterns of Distribution of Federal Research Funds to Universities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Miller MW. The Mediterranean Ethiopian: Intellectual discourse and the fixity of myth in classical antiquity. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Leland J. Immersed in Scores, Concerts and Classes. New York Times 2016:MB2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Geriatric Medicine
AbbreviationEur. Geriatr. Med.
ISSN (print)1878-7649
ScopeGeriatrics and Gerontology
Gerontology

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