How to format your references using the Frontiers in Evolutionary and Genomic Microbiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Evolutionary and Genomic Microbiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. (2005). Reversal of fortune. Nature 433, 663.
A journal article with 2 authors
Enquist, J. A., Jr, and Stoltz, B. M. (2008). The total synthesis of (-)-cyanthiwigin F by means of double catalytic enantioselective alkylation. Nature 453, 1228–1231.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ben-Shem, A., Frolow, F., and Nelson, N. (2003). Crystal structure of plant photosystem I. Nature 426, 630–635.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Li, C., Wei, R., Jones-Hall, Y. L., Vittal, R., Zhang, M., and Liu, W. (2014). Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) pathway genes and interstitial lung disease: an association study. Sci. Rep. 4, 4893.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yener, M., and Dundar, O. (2016). Expert Android ® Studio. Indianapolis, Indiana: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Fives, A., and Breen, K. eds. (2016). Philosophy and Political Engagement: Reflection in the Public Sphere. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.
A chapter in an edited book
Fan, W., and Bouguila, N. (2012). “Nonparametric Localized Feature Selection via a Dirichlet Process Mixture of Generalized Dirichlet Distributions,” in Neural Information Processing: 19th International Conference, ICONIP 2012, Doha, Qatar, November 12-15, 2012, Proceedings, Part III Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. T. Huang, Z. Zeng, C. Li, and C. S. Leung (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 25–33.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Evolutionary and Genomic Microbiology.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2015). Lion Gets A CAT Scan. IFLScience. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/cat-scan/ [Accessed October 30, 2018].

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995). USDA Telecommunications: Missed Opportunities to Save Millions. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chung, Y.-K. (2010). A comparison of particle swarm optimization algorithms in data clustering.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J. (2017). The President’s Prime Time. New York Times, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik, 2005; Enquist and Stoltz, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Enquist and Stoltz, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Evolutionary and Genomic Microbiology
AbbreviationFront. Microbiol.
ISSN (online)1664-302X
ScopeMicrobiology
Microbiology (medical)

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