How to format your references using the Frontiers in Evolutionary and Genomic Microbiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Evolutionary and Genomic Microbiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gangui, A. (2003). Astronomy. A preposterous universe. Science 299, 1333–1334.
A journal article with 2 authors
Long, T., and Wyse, S. (2012). IBI series winner. A season for inquiry: investigating phenology in local campus trees. Science 335, 932–933.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nimmerjahn, A., Kirchhoff, F., and Helmchen, F. (2005). Resting microglial cells are highly dynamic surveillants of brain parenchyma in vivo. Science 308, 1314–1318.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Sundareshwar, P. V., Morris, J. T., Koepfler, E. K., and Fornwalt, B. (2003). Phosphorus limitation of coastal ecosystem processes. Science 299, 563–565.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kulinkovich, O. G. (2015). Cyclopropanes in Organic Synthesis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Paha, J. ed. (2016). Competition Law Compliance Programmes: An Interdisciplinary Approach. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Kapetanakis, S., and Petridis, M. (2014). “Evaluating a Case-Based Reasoning Architecture for the Intelligent Monitoring of Business Workflows,” in Successful Case-based Reasoning Applications-2 Studies in Computational Intelligence., eds. S. Montani and L. C. Jain (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 43–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Evolutionary and Genomic Microbiology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Dazzled By The Bright Southern Lights. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1978). Funding for Entitlement Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vlajic, N. A. (2014). Dynamics of slender, flexible structures.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear, M. D. (2017). Kelly Delivers Fervent Defense Of Call to Widow. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gangui, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Gangui, 2003; Long and Wyse, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Long and Wyse, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Sundareshwar et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Evolutionary and Genomic Microbiology
AbbreviationFront. Microbiol.
ISSN (online)1664-302X
Microbiology (medical)

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