How to format your references using the Frontiers in Evolutionary and Genomic Microbiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Evolutionary and Genomic Microbiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Atran, S. (2003). Genesis of suicide terrorism. Science 299, 1534–1539.
A journal article with 2 authors
Poulet, J. F. A., and Hedwig, B. (2006). The cellular basis of a corollary discharge. Science 311, 518–522.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lintunen, A., Hölttä, T., and Kulmala, M. (2013). Anatomical regulation of ice nucleation and cavitation helps trees to survive freezing and drought stress. Sci. Rep. 3, 2031.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lu, H., Seo, Y.-T., Lee, J.-W., Moudrakovski, I., Ripmeester, J. A., Chapman, N. R., et al. (2007). Complex gas hydrate from the Cascadia margin. Nature 445, 303–306.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rao, K. R., Bojkovic, Z. S., and Milovanovic, D. A. (2005). Introduction to Multimedia Communications. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Vicars, M., Steinberg, S., McKenna, T., and Cacciattolo, M. eds. (2015). The Praxis of English Language Teaching and Learning (PELT): Beyondthe Binaries: Researching Critically in EFL Classrooms. Rotterdam: SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Dedov, V. N., Griffiths, F. M., Garner, B., Halliday, G. M., and Double, K. L. (2007). “Lipid content determines aggregation of neuromelanin granules in vitro,” in Neuropsychiatric Disorders An Integrative Approach Journal of Neural Transmission. Supplementa., eds. M. Gerlach, J. Deckert, K. Double, and E. Koutsilieri (Vienna: Springer), 35–38.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Evolutionary and Genomic Microbiology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). Woman May Have Contracted HIV From Sharing Manicure Equipment. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2003). Data Mining: Results and Challenges for Government Program Audits and Investigations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hong, A. N. (2017). A Diastereomeric Strategy in the Construction of Homochiral Metal-Organic Architectures.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sengupta, S., and Hubbard, B. (2017). Truce That Trump Announced at G-20 Survives Its First Day in Southwestern Syria. New York Times, A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Atran, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Atran, 2003; Poulet and Hedwig, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Poulet and Hedwig, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Lu et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Evolutionary and Genomic Microbiology
AbbreviationFront. Microbiol.
ISSN (online)1664-302X
Microbiology (medical)

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