How to format your references using the Frontiers in Evolutionary and Genomic Microbiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Evolutionary and Genomic Microbiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gould, J. (2015). Cannabis: 4 big questions. Nature 525, S18.
A journal article with 2 authors
Henneman, M. L., and Memmott, J. (2001). Infiltration of a Hawaiian community by introduced biological control agents. Science 293, 1314–1316.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhao, M., Kong, L., and Qu, H. (2014). A systems biology approach to identify intelligence quotient score-related genomic regions, and pathways relevant to potential therapeutic treatments. Sci. Rep. 4, 4176.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hammarström, P., Wiseman, R. L., Powers, E. T., and Kelly, J. W. (2003). Prevention of transthyretin amyloid disease by changing protein misfolding energetics. Science 299, 713–716.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kappe, C. O., Stadler, A., and Dallinger, D. (2012). Microwaves in Organic and Medicinal Chemistry. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Brock, S. E. (2006). Identifying, Assessing, and Treating Autism at School. , eds. S. R. Jimerson and R. L. Hansen Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Coufal, N., and Farnaes, L. (2011). “Anthracyclines and Anthracenediones,” in Cancer Management in Man: Chemotherapy, Biological Therapy, Hyperthermia and Supporting Measures, ed. B. R. Minev (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), 87–102.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Evolutionary and Genomic Microbiology.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2015). How To Pass A Polygraph Test With Science. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2011). School Improvement Grants: Early Implementation Under Way, but Reforms Affected by Short Time Frames. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Richardson, V. M. (2013). In vitro thyroid hormone metabolism: Effects of nuclear receptor activation on the metabolic profiles of thyroxine in rat and human hepatocytes.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M. J. O. (2016). Friday File: A Household of April Fool’s Jokes. New York Times, C27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gould, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Henneman and Memmott, 2001; Gould, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Henneman and Memmott, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Hammarström et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Evolutionary and Genomic Microbiology
AbbreviationFront. Microbiol.
ISSN (online)1664-302X
Microbiology (medical)

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