How to format your references using the Journal of Medical Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Medical Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Wellman B. Computer networks as social networks. Science 2001;293:2031–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Bauer J, Prenzel M. Science education. European teacher training reforms. Science 2012;336:1642–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Choe J, Kelker MS, Wilson IA. Crystal structure of human toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) ectodomain. Science 2005;309:581–5.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1
Vershinin M, Misra S, Ono S, Abe Y, Ando Y, Yazdani A. Local ordering in the pseudogap state of the high-Tc superconductor Bi2Sr2CaCu2O(8+delta). Science 2004;303:1995–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Pesavento L, Smoleny S. A Trader’s Guide to Financial Astrology. Hoboken, NJ: : John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2015.
An edited book
1
Zha H, Pan Z, Thwaites H, Addison AC, Forte M, editors. Interactive Technologies and Sociotechnical Systems: 12th International Conference, VSMM 2006, Xi’an, China, October 18-20, 2006. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: : Springer 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Öchsner A, Merkel M. Torsion Bar. In: Merkel M, ed. One-Dimensional Finite Elements: An Introduction to the FE Method. Berlin, Heidelberg: : Springer 2013. 51–6.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Medical Genetics.

Blog post
1
Andrew E. Scientists Find ‘Reset’ Button For The Body Clock. IFLScience. 2015.https://www.iflscience.com/brain/scientists-reveal-how-our-body-clocks-reset/ (accessed 30 Oct2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Ship Acquisitions. Washington, DC: : U.S. Government Printing Office 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Burg CA. Faculty perspectives on doctoral student mentoring: The mentor’s odyssey. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
de la MERCED MJ. Seeking Next Big Drug, Gilead to Buy Kite Pharma. New York Times. 2017;:B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Medical Genetics
AbbreviationJ. Med. Genet.
ISSN (print)0022-2593
ISSN (online)1468-6244
ScopeGenetics
Genetics(clinical)

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