How to format your references using the Journal of Medical Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Medical Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Greenberg RA. Cancer. BRCA1, everything but the RING? Science 2011;334:459–60.
A journal article with 2 authors
McFarland EW, Tang J. A photovoltaic device structure based on internal electron emission. Nature 2003;421:616–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chandra P, Coleman P, Flint R. Hastatic order in the heavy-fermion compound URu2Si2. Nature 2013;493:621–6.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Periana RA, Mironov O, Taube D, Bhalla G, Jones CJ. Catalytic, oxidative condensation of CH4 to CH3COOH in one step via CH activation. Science 2003;301:814–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wolf EL, Medikonda M. Understanding the Nanotechnology Revolution. Weinheim, Germany: : Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA 2012.
An edited book
Ussery DW, Wassenaar TM, Borini S, editors. Computing for Comparative Microbial Genomics: Bioinformatics for Microbiologists. London: : Springer 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Argoneto P, Renna P. Bargaining Models in E-Marketplaces. In: Renna P, ed. Innovative Tools for Business Coalitions in B2B Applications: How Negotiation, Auction and Game Theory Can Support Small- and Medium-sized Business in E-business. London: : Springer 2011. 65–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Medical Genetics.

Blog post
Davis J. US States Ignore White House And Form A ‘Climate Alliance’ To Continue Decarbonization. IFLScience. 2017. (accessed 30 Oct2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Advanced Technology Program: Inherent Factors in Selection Process Are Likely to Limit Identification of Similar Research. Washington, DC: : U.S. Government Printing Office 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Colna KE. Latitudinal Position and Trends of the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) and its Relationship with Upwelling in the Southern Caribbean Sea and Global Climate Indices. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Adjudging a Moral Harm To Women From Abortions. New York Times. 2007;:A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Medical Genetics
AbbreviationJ. Med. Genet.
ISSN (print)0022-2593
ISSN (online)1468-6244

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