How to format your references using the Journal of Medical Entomology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Medical Entomology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Powell, K. 2004. Stipend survival. Nature. 428: 102–103.
A journal article with 2 authors
Higuchi, T., and F. Uhlmann. 2005. Stabilization of microtubule dynamics at anaphase onset promotes chromosome segregation. Nature. 433: 171–176.
A journal article with 3 authors
Naylor, R. L., S. L. Williams, and D. R. Strong. 2001. Ecology. Aquaculture--a gateway for exotic species. Science. 294: 1655–1656.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wu, P., H. Lv, T. Peng, D. He, and S. Mu. 2014. Nano conductive ceramic wedged graphene composites as highly efficient metal supports for oxygen reduction. Sci. Rep. 4: 3968.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Simon, P., T. Brousse, and F. Favier. 2017. Supercapacitors Based on Carbon or Pseudocapacitive Materials. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
(Logic and Its Applications: 6th Indian Conference, ICLA 2015, Mumbai, India, January 8-10, 2015. Proceedings) . 2015. Logic and Its Applications: 6th Indian Conference, ICLA 2015, Mumbai, India, January 8-10, 2015. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Kindinger, E. 2016. The Paradoxical Class Politics in Here Comes Honey Boo Boo, pp. 65–87. In Lemke, S., Schniedermann, W. (eds.), Class Divisions in Serial Television. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Medical Entomology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. 2015. Simulation Shows What Would Happen If The Moon Hit Earth. IFLScience. (


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2012. Unmanned Aircraft Systems: Measuring Progress and Addressing Potential Privacy Concerns Would Facilitate Integration into the National Airspace System [Reissued on September 18, 2012] ( No. GAO-12-981). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Murray, B. A. 2015. Sociocultural factors in women’s health in Swaziland (Doctoral dissertation).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. 1992. THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: The Democrats; Days After “Final” Word on Draft, Clinton Faces Renewed Questions. New York Times. A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Powell 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Powell 2004, Higuchi and Uhlmann 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Higuchi and Uhlmann 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Wu et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Medical Entomology
AbbreviationJ. Med. Entomol.
ISSN (print)0022-2585
ISSN (online)1938-2928
ScopeInsect Science
Infectious Diseases
General Veterinary

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