How to format your references using the Journal of Medical Entomology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Medical Entomology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Padma, T. V. 2005. India’s drug tests. Nature. 436: 485.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sachdev, S., and O. A. Starykh. 2000. Thermally fluctuating superconductors in two dimensions. Nature. 405: 322–325.
A journal article with 3 authors
Keller, R. A., M. R. Fisk, and W. M. White. 2000. Isotopic evidence for Late Cretaceous plume-ridge interaction at the Hawaiian hotspot. Nature. 405: 673–676.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Onodera, R., K. Motoyama, A. Okamatsu, T. Higashi, and H. Arima. 2013. Potential use of folate-appended methyl-β-cyclodextrin as an anticancer agent. Sci. Rep. 3: 1104.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cayuela Valencia, R. 2013. The Future of the Chemical Industry by 2050. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
(Cell Engineering: Apoptosis) . 2005. Cell Engineering: Apoptosis, Cell Engineering. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Musiani, F., and M. Löblich. 2016. Net Neutrality from a Public Sphere Perspective, pp. 43–52. In Belli, L., De Filippi, P. (eds.), Net Neutrality Compendium: Human Rights, Free Competition and the Future of the Internet. Springer International Publishing, Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Medical Entomology.

Blog post
Davis, J. 2016. Half Of What Makes Up The Chromosomes In Your Cells Is Not Actually DNA. IFLScience. (


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1986. Computer Systems: Continued Oversight Crucial for Air Force’s Requirements Data Bank ( No. IMTEC-87-6). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zhao, J. 2012. Contextual Differential Item Functioning: Examining the Validity of Teaching Self-Efficacy Instruments Using Hierarchical Generalized Linear Modeling (Doctoral dissertation).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M. J. O. 2016. Our Monster Sorority. New York Times. SR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Padma 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Sachdev and Starykh 2000, Padma 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sachdev and Starykh 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Onodera et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Medical Entomology
AbbreviationJ. Med. Entomol.
ISSN (print)0022-2585
ISSN (online)1938-2928
ScopeInsect Science
Infectious Diseases
General Veterinary

Other styles