How to format your references using the Journal of Medical Entomology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Medical Entomology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hipps, K. W. 2001. Molecular electronics. It’s all about contacts. Science. 294: 536–537.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kubatko, L. S., and D. K. Pearl. 2011. Evolution. Seeing the trees in your terrace. Science. 333: 411–412.
A journal article with 3 authors
Riehl, S., M. Zeidi, and N. J. Conard. 2013. Emergence of agriculture in the foothills of the Zagros Mountains of Iran. Science. 341: 65–67.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bardgett, R. D., R. S. Smith, R. S. Shiel, S. Peacock, J. M. Simkin, H. Quirk, and P. J. Hobbs. 2006. Parasitic plants indirectly regulate below-ground properties in grassland ecosystems. Nature. 439: 969–972.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Aasma, A., H. Dutta, and P. N. Natarajan. 2017. An Introductory Course in Summability Theory. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
(Logic-Based Program Synthesis and Transformation: 23rd International Symposium, LOPSTR 2013, Madrid, Spain, September 18-19, 2013, Revised Selected Papers) . 2014. Logic-Based Program Synthesis and Transformation: 23rd International Symposium, LOPSTR 2013, Madrid, Spain, September 18-19, 2013, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Craven, M. P., K. Selvarajah, R. Miles, H. Schnädelbach, A. Massey, K. Vedhara, N. Raine-Fenning, and J. Crowe. 2013. User Requirements for the Development of Smartphone Self-reporting Applications in Healthcare, pp. 36–45. In Kurosu, M. (ed.), Human-Computer Interaction. Applications and Services: 15th International Conference, HCI International 2013, Las Vegas, NV, USA, July 21-26, 2013, Proceedings, Part II, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Medical Entomology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. 2016. NASA Plans Exo-Brake Parachute Test To Bring Satellites Out Of Orbit. IFLScience. (


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1996. School Finance: Options for Improving Measures of Effort and Equity in Title I ( No. HEHS-96-142). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Howard-Skipper, J. 2014. Leadership that promotes teacher empowerment among urban middle school science teachers (Doctoral dissertation).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J. 2017. Trump’s Address Attracts 48 Million Viewers. New York Times. B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hipps 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Hipps 2001, Kubatko and Pearl 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kubatko and Pearl 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Bardgett et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Medical Entomology
AbbreviationJ. Med. Entomol.
ISSN (print)0022-2585
ISSN (online)1938-2928
ScopeInsect Science
Infectious Diseases
General Veterinary

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