How to format your references using the Journal of Medical Entomology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Medical Entomology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. 2003. Upping the ante. Nature. 424: 857.
A journal article with 2 authors
Aqvist, J., and V. Luzhkov. 2000. Ion permeation mechanism of the potassium channel. Nature. 404: 881–884.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sato, T. K., M. Overduin, and S. D. Emr. 2001. Location, location, location: membrane targeting directed by PX domains. Science. 294: 1881–1885.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bunders, M. J., J. L. van Hamme, M. H. Jansen, K. Boer, N. A. Kootstra, and T. W. Kuijpers. 2014. Fetal exposure to HIV-1 alters chemokine receptor expression by CD4+T cells and increases susceptibility to HIV-1. Sci. Rep. 4: 6690.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Denny, H. R., and S. J. Butterworth. 2008. A Guide to Canine and Feline Orthopaedic Surgery. Blackwell Science Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
(Progress in Wall Turbulence: Understanding and Modeling: Proceedings of the WALLTURB International Workshop held in Lille, France, April 21-23, 2009) . 2011. Progress in Wall Turbulence: Understanding and Modeling: Proceedings of the WALLTURB International Workshop held in Lille, France, April 21-23, 2009, ERCOFTAC Series. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Horsthemke, B. 2006. Epimutations in Human Disease, pp. 45–59. In Doerfler, W., Böhm, P. (eds.), DNA Methylation: Development, Genetic Disease and Cancer, Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Medical Entomology.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. 2016. X-Ray Echo Gives Us Clues About Dormant Black Holes. IFLScience. (


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2010. Information Technology: HUD Needs to Better Define Commitments and Disclose Risks for Modernization Projects in Future Expenditure Plans ( No. GAO-11-72). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hutsell, J. D. 2009. School board members’ perception on their roles and responsibilities in developing policy that affects student achievement (Doctoral dissertation).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. 2008. 2,691 Decisions. New York Times. WK1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Aqvist and Luzhkov 2000, Smaglik 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Aqvist and Luzhkov 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Bunders et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Medical Entomology
AbbreviationJ. Med. Entomol.
ISSN (print)0022-2585
ISSN (online)1938-2928
ScopeInsect Science
Infectious Diseases
General Veterinary

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