How to format your references using the The Annals of Regional Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Annals of Regional Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gomez N (2015) Climate science: Small glacier has big effect on sea-level rise. Nature 526:510–512
A journal article with 2 authors
Jakob M, Hilaire J (2015) Climate science: Unburnable fossil-fuel reserves. Nature 517:150–152
A journal article with 3 authors
Saitta EKH, Legron-Rodriguez T, Bowdon MA (2013) IBI* series winner. An inquiry into the water around us. Science 341:971–972
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Zhai Y, Pierre D, Si R, et al (2010) Alkali-stabilized Pt-OHx species catalyze low-temperature water-gas shift reactions. Science 329:1633–1636

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Souza de Cursi E (2015) Variational Methods for Engineers with Matlab®. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Saharan GS (2008) Sclerotinia Diseases of Crop Plants: Biology, Ecology and Disease Management. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Bezzo N, Cortez RA, Fierro R (2013) Exploiting Heterogeneity in Robotic Networks. In: Milutinović D, Rosen J (eds) Redundancy in Robot Manipulators and Multi-Robot Systems. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 53–75

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Annals of Regional Science.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) National Geographic Show Its Early Picks For 2016 Nature Photographer of the Year. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2015) Space Acquisitions: GAO Assessment of DOD Responsive Launch Report. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Austin CA (2013) Intravenous Exposure of Pregnant Mice to Silver Nanoparticles: Silver Tissue Distribution and Effects in Maternal and Extra-Embryonic Tissues and Embryos. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J (2016) Mets Enter Off-Season With One Big Question and Many Decisions. New York Times B9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gomez 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Jakob and Hilaire 2015; Gomez 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jakob and Hilaire 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhai et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Annals of Regional Science
AbbreviationAnn. Reg. Sci.
ISSN (print)0570-1864
ISSN (online)1432-0592
ScopeGeneral Environmental Science
General Social Sciences

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