How to format your references using the The Annals of Regional Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Annals of Regional Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dolan RJ (2002) Emotion, cognition, and behavior. Science 298:1191–1194
A journal article with 2 authors
Kaasik K, Lee CC (2004) Reciprocal regulation of haem biosynthesis and the circadian clock in mammals. Nature 430:467–471
A journal article with 3 authors
Yashiro K, Shiratori H, Hamada H (2007) Haemodynamics determined by a genetic programme govern asymmetric development of the aortic arch. Nature 450:285–288
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Cayirlioglu P, Kadow IG, Zhan X, et al (2008) Hybrid neurons in a microRNA mutant are putative evolutionary intermediates in insect CO2 sensory systems. Science 319:1256–1260

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Marti P (2014) Baustatik. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, D-69451 Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Wolff L (ed) (2005) Real Photo Postcards: Unbelievable Images from the Collection of Harvey Tulcensky. Princeton Archit. Press, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Nieto D, Quesada-Arencibia A, García CR, Moreno-Díaz R (2014) A Social Robot in a Tourist Environment. In: Hervás R, Lee S, Nugent C, Bravo J (eds) Ubiquitous Computing and Ambient Intelligence. Personalisation and User Adapted Services: 8th International Conference, UCAmI 2014, Belfast, UK, December 2-5, 2014. Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 21–24

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Annals of Regional Science.

Blog post
Davis J (2016) The UK Government Just Got Rid Of Its Climate Department. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2009) Counterdrug Technology Assessment Center: Clarifying Rationale for the Research and Development Funding Decisions Would Increase Accountability. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garcia M (2015) A.R.T. / Atmospheric. Retail. Therapy. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines GG (2015) Familiar Face on ‘Sesame Street’ Tells of Her Own Childhood. New York Times C2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dolan 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Dolan 2002; Kaasik and Lee 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kaasik and Lee 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Cayirlioglu et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Annals of Regional Science
AbbreviationAnn. Reg. Sci.
ISSN (print)0570-1864
ISSN (online)1432-0592
ScopeGeneral Environmental Science
General Social Sciences

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