How to format your references using the The Annals of Regional Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Annals of Regional Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
King A (2014) Astronomy. Testing the limits of accretion. Science 343:1318–1319
A journal article with 2 authors
Ausländer S, Fussenegger M (2014) Synthetic biology: Toehold gene switches make big footprints. Nature 516:333–334
A journal article with 3 authors
Voog J, D’Alterio C, Jones DL (2008) Multipotent somatic stem cells contribute to the stem cell niche in the Drosophila testis. Nature 454:1132–1136
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Leake MC, Chandler JH, Wadhams GH, et al (2006) Stoichiometry and turnover in single, functioning membrane protein complexes. Nature 443:355–358

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Likhtenshtein G (2012) Solar Energy Conversion. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Jain SM, Priyadarshan PM (eds) (2009) Breeding Plantation Tree Crops: Tropical Species. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Crozier PA, Miller BK (2016) Spectroscopy of Solids, Gases, and Liquids in the ETEM. In: Hansen TW, Wagner JB (eds) Controlled Atmosphere Transmission Electron Microscopy: Principles and Practice. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 95–141

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Annals of Regional Science.

Blog post
Davis J (2016) Easy-To-Ride Horses Spread Around The World Due To The Vikings. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/easytoride-horses-spread-around-the-world-due-to-the-vikings/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2013) Polar Weather Satellites: NOAA Identified Ways to Mitigate Data Gaps, but Contingency Plans and Schedules Require Further Attention. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vlajic NA (2014) Dynamics of slender, flexible structures. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly C (2007) State Using Green Funds to Buy Parcel in Arrow Park. New York Times WE6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (King 2014).
This sentence cites two references (King 2014; Ausländer and Fussenegger 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ausländer and Fussenegger 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Leake et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Annals of Regional Science
AbbreviationAnn. Reg. Sci.
ISSN (print)0570-1864
ISSN (online)1432-0592
ScopeGeneral Environmental Science
General Social Sciences

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