How to format your references using the The Annals of Regional Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Annals of Regional Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ozbay E (2006) Plasmonics: merging photonics and electronics at nanoscale dimensions. Science 311:189–193
A journal article with 2 authors
Coe FL, Asplin JR (2010) Medicine. Stopping the stones. Science 330:325–326
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang L, Lu C, Tieu K (2014) Atomistic simulation of tensile deformation behavior of ∑5 tilt grain boundaries in copper bicrystal. Sci Rep 4:5919
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Chen H, Cheng L, Lin X, et al (2014) Reconstitution of coronary vasculature by an active fraction of Geum japonicum in ischemic hearts. Sci Rep 4:3962

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Szeman I, O’Brien S (2017) Popular Culture. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Dolev S, Haist T, Oltean M (eds) (2008) Optical SuperComputing: First International Workshop, OSC 2008, Vienna, Austria, August 26, 2008. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Yoshida E, Esteves C, Kanoun O, et al (2010) Planning Whole-body Humanoid Locomotion, Reaching, and Manipulation. In: Harada K, Yoshida E, Yokoi K (eds) Motion Planning for Humanoid Robots. Springer, London, pp 99–128

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Annals of Regional Science.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Galaxy Cluster 9.9 Billion Light Years Away Confirmed. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/galaxy-cluster-99-billion-light-years-away-confirmed/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994) Efforts to Assist the Homeless in Baltimore. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brown JR (2010) Trajectories of parents’ experiences in discovering, reporting, and living with the aftermath of middle school bullying. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg B (2017) A Big Step for a Tunisian, and for Arab Countries. New York Times B9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ozbay 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Ozbay 2006; Coe and Asplin 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Coe and Asplin 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Chen et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Annals of Regional Science
AbbreviationAnn. Reg. Sci.
ISSN (print)0570-1864
ISSN (online)1432-0592
ScopeGeneral Environmental Science
General Social Sciences

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