How to format your references using the The Annals of Regional Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Annals of Regional Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Frenking G (2015) Inorganic chemistry: Peculiar boron startles again. Nature 522:297–298
A journal article with 2 authors
Zuber MT, Garrick-Bethell I (2005) Planetary science. What do we need to know to land on the Moon again? Science 310:983–985
A journal article with 3 authors
Rauzi M, Lenne P-F, Lecuit T (2010) Planar polarized actomyosin contractile flows control epithelial junction remodelling. Nature 468:1110–1114
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Terada N, Hamazaki T, Oka M, et al (2002) Bone marrow cells adopt the phenotype of other cells by spontaneous cell fusion. Nature 416:542–545

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chase CW (2016) Next Generation Demand Management. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Smith WR, Stahel PF (eds) (2014) Management of Musculoskeletal Injuries in the Trauma Patient. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Tirado MC, Meerman J (2012) Climate Change and Food and Nutrition Security. In: Thompson B, Cohen MJ (eds) The Impact of Climate Change and Bioenergy on Nutrition. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 43–60

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Annals of Regional Science.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2017) The Legal Minefield Of 3D Printed Guns. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2015) General Aviation: Observations Related to Liability Insurance Requirements and Coverage for Aircraft Owners. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tchen Y (2010) An evaluation of the effectiveness of mandatory reporting of health care associated infection. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear MD, Nixon R, Liptak A (2017) Justices Cancel Hearing on Travel Ban as Questions Linger on New Policy. New York Times A12

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Frenking 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Zuber and Garrick-Bethell 2005; Frenking 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zuber and Garrick-Bethell 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Terada et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Annals of Regional Science
AbbreviationAnn. Reg. Sci.
ISSN (print)0570-1864
ISSN (online)1432-0592
ScopeGeneral Environmental Science
General Social Sciences

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