How to format your references using the Dendrochronologia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Dendrochronologia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Elmegreen, B., 2014. Astrophysics: How tiny galaxies form stars. Nature 514, 310–311.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bauleo, P.M., Martino, J.R., 2009. The dawn of the particle astronomy era in ultra-high-energy cosmic rays. Nature 458, 847–851.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dubrovinskaia, N., Dubrovinsky, L., Solozhenko, V.L., 2007. Comment on “Synthesis of ultra-incompressible superhard rhenium diboride at ambient pressure.” Science 318, 1550; author reply 1550.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Abzhanov, A., Protas, M., Grant, B.R., Grant, P.R., Tabin, C.J., 2004. Bmp4 and morphological variation of beaks in Darwin’s finches. Science 305, 1462–1465.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lunn, G., 2005. HPLC Methods for Recently Approved Pharmaceuticals. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Graziani, F., Desjarlais, M.P., Redmer, R., Trickey, S.B. (Eds.), 2014. Frontiers and Challenges in Warm Dense Matter, Lecture Notes in Computational Science and Engineering. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Buen-Rodríguez, O.D. de, 2007. Energy efficiency and conservation in Mexico, in: Klapp, J., Cervantes-Cota, J.L., Chávez Alcalá, J.F. (Eds.), Towards a Cleaner Planet: Energy for the Future, Environmental Science and Engineering. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 65–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Dendrochronologia.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2017. China To Build New National Park 60% Bigger Than Yellowstone To Save The Siberian Tiger [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997. Department of Transportation: Flexible Funding Within Federal Highway Programs (No. RCED-97-233R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garcia, A.D., 2013. Long-term shifts in adolescent Nicotine reward following early methylphenidate exposure in male and female rats (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B., 2017. Prospero, Confined Yet Commanding. New York Times C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Elmegreen, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Bauleo and Martino, 2009; Elmegreen, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bauleo and Martino, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Abzhanov et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleDendrochronologia
AbbreviationDendrochronologia (Verona)
ISSN (print)1125-7865
ScopePlant Science

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