How to format your references using the Dendrochronologia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Dendrochronologia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bynum, W., 2012. Nobel success: What makes a great lab? Nature 490, 31–32.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vähärautio, A., Taipale, J., 2014. Cancer. Cancer by super-enhancer. Science 346, 1291–1292.
A journal article with 3 authors
Janetopoulos, C., Jin, T., Devreotes, P., 2001. Receptor-mediated activation of heterotrimeric G-proteins in living cells. Science 291, 2408–2411.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Cha, J.N., Stucky, G.D., Morse, D.E., Deming, T.J., 2000. Biomimetic synthesis of ordered silica structures mediated by block copolypeptides. Nature 403, 289–292.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jenkinson, J., Hyde, T., Ahmad, S., 2008. Building Blocks for Learning: Occupational Therapy Approaches. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, West Sussex, United Kingdom.
An edited book
Pointcheval, D., Mu, Y., Chen, K. (Eds.), 2006. Cryptology and Network Security: 5th International Conference, CANS 2006, Suzhou, China, December 8-10, 2006. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Seki, Y., 2014. Current Indication, in: Choi, S.H., Kasama, K. (Eds.), Bariatric and Metabolic Surgery. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 23–26.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Dendrochronologia.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. 2014, The Year That Was: Health + Medicine [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1995. Tongass Timber Reform Act: Implementation of the Act’s Contract Modification Requirements (No. RCED-95-2). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tapal, S.S., 2012. Is the fourth generation of Six Sigma an effective professional development model in K-12 education? (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland, J., 2016. Ground Zero, Deluged. New York Times MB4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bynum, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Bynum, 2012; Vähärautio and Taipale, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vähärautio and Taipale, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Cha et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleDendrochronologia
AbbreviationDendrochronologia (Verona)
ISSN (print)1125-7865
ScopePlant Science

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