How to format your references using the Dendrochronologia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Dendrochronologia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Erez, N., 2015. Cancer: Opening LOX to metastasis. Nature 522, 41–42.
A journal article with 2 authors
Park, E., Rapoport, T.A., 2011. Preserving the membrane barrier for small molecules during bacterial protein translocation. Nature 473, 239–242.
A journal article with 3 authors
Miyagoshi, T., Kageyama, A., Sato, T., 2010. Zonal flow formation in the Earth’s core. Nature 463, 793–796.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hegerl, G.C., Crowley, T.J., Hyde, W.T., Frame, D.J., 2006. Climate sensitivity constrained by temperature reconstructions over the past seven centuries. Nature 440, 1029–1032.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Guyader, J.-L., 2013. Vibration in Continuous Media. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Kirsch, R. (Ed.), 2006. Groundwater Geophysics: A Tool for Hydrogeology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Chaudhuri, A., Ghosh, S.K., 2016. Possibility Theory for Operational Risk, in: Ghosh, S.K. (Ed.), Quantitative Modeling of Operational Risk in Finance and Banking Using Possibility Theory, Studies in Fuzziness and Soft Computing. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 75–112.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Dendrochronologia.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. New Candidate Brings us One Step Closer to an HIV Vaccine [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1988. DOD’s Risk Assessment and Safeguards Management of Chemical and Biological Warfare Research and Development Facilities (No. T-PEMD-88-10). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Colker, J.O., 2008. A grounded theory approach to developing a theory of leadership through a case study of ShoreBank (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, K., Davis, J.H., 2017. Lawsuit Challenges the Secrecy of White House Advisers on Infrastructure. New York Times A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Erez, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Erez, 2015; Park and Rapoport, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Park and Rapoport, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Hegerl et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleDendrochronologia
AbbreviationDendrochronologia (Verona)
ISSN (print)1125-7865
ScopePlant Science

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