How to format your references using the Dendrochronologia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Dendrochronologia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P., 2004. Cash incentives. Nature 427, 567.
A journal article with 2 authors
Greif, D.M., Eichmann, A., 2014. Vascular biology: Brain vessels squeezed to death. Nature 508, 50–51.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ye, J., Kimble, H.J., Katori, H., 2008. Quantum state engineering and precision metrology using state-insensitive light traps. Science 320, 1734–1738.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Herbig, J., Kraemer, T., Mark, M., Weber, T., Chin, C., Nägerl, H.-C., Grimm, R., 2003. Preparation of a pure molecular quantum gas. Science 301, 1510–1513.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Boyd, R.K., Basic, C., Bethem, R.A., 2008. Trace Quantitative Analysis by Mass Spectrometry. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Gregor, J., 2011. Discovering Mathematics: A Problem-Solving Approach to Mathematical Analysis with MATHEMATICA® and MapleTM. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Escobar, S., Sasse, R., Meseguer, J., 2010. Folding Variant Narrowing and Optimal Variant Termination, in: Ölveczky, P.C. (Ed.), Rewriting Logic and Its Applications: 8th International Workshop, WRLA 2010, Held as a Satellite Event of ETAPS 2010, Paphos, Cyprus, March 20-21, 2010, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 52–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Dendrochronologia.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2017. Two Teams Of Scientists Have Created A New State Of Matter [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2015. Internet Management: Structured Evaluation Could Help Assess Proposed Transition of Key Domain Name and Other Technical Functions (No. GAO-15-642). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Besson, P.S., 2015. Affective Organizational Commitment: A Comparative View of the Experience of 5-7 Year Managerial Employees Who Participated in an Employee Identity Network (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dominus, S., 2016. Just Dance. New York Times MM20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Greif and Eichmann, 2014; Smaglik, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Greif and Eichmann, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Herbig et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleDendrochronologia
AbbreviationDendrochronologia (Verona)
ISSN (print)1125-7865
ScopePlant Science

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