How to format your references using the Dendrochronologia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Dendrochronologia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hubbell, J.A., 2003. Materials science. Enhancing drug function. Science 300, 595–596.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kaminski, D., Geisler, C., 2012. Survival analysis of faculty retention in science and engineering by gender. Science 335, 864–866.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li, F., Martienssen, R., Cande, W.Z., 2011. Coordination of DNA replication and histone modification by the Rik1-Dos2 complex. Nature 475, 244–248.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Scully, M.O., Zubairy, M.S., Agarwal, G.S., Walther, H., 2003. Extracting work from a single heat bath via vanishing quantum coherence. Science 299, 862–864.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hezaveh, A., 2007. SAS® 9 Study Guide. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Reingold, O. (Ed.), 2009. Theory of Cryptography: 6th Theory of Cryptography Conference, TCC 2009, San Francisco, CA, USA, March 15-17, 2009. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Vermeulen, F., 2016. Towards a Holistic Archaeological Survey Approach for Ancient Cityscapes, in: Forte, M., Campana, S. (Eds.), Digital Methods and Remote Sensing in Archaeology: Archaeology in the Age of Sensing, Quantitative Methods in the Humanities and Social Sciences. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 91–112.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Dendrochronologia.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Would You Wear A Smog Ring? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1992. Space Projects: Status and Remaining Challenges of the Advanced X-ray Astrophysics Facility (No. NSIAD-92-77). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ponti, C.M., 2010. The musical representation of Asian characters in the musicals of Richard Rodgers (Doctoral dissertation). University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J., 2016. Indians Get Contributions and Confidence From Unexpected Source. New York Times B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hubbell, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Hubbell, 2003; Kaminski and Geisler, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kaminski and Geisler, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Scully et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleDendrochronologia
AbbreviationDendrochronologia (Verona)
ISSN (print)1125-7865
ScopePlant Science

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