How to format your references using the Dendrochronologia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Dendrochronologia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tromans, A., 2000. Entomology. Love is not puffed up. Nature 404, 138.
A journal article with 2 authors
Draine, B.T., Ostriker, J.P., 2007. Obituary: Bohdan Paczyński (1940-2007). Nature 447, 1065.
A journal article with 3 authors
Blois, J.L., McGuire, J.L., Hadly, E.A., 2010. Small mammal diversity loss in response to late-Pleistocene climatic change. Nature 465, 771–774.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Dioum, E.M., Chen, R., Alexander, M.S., Zhang, Q., Hogg, R.T., Gerard, R.D., Garcia, J.A., 2009. Regulation of hypoxia-inducible factor 2alpha signaling by the stress-responsive deacetylase sirtuin 1. Science 324, 1289–1293.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brillson, L.J., 2016. An Essential Guide to Electronic Material Surfaces and Interfaces. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Quarteroni, A., 2012. Calcolo Scientifico: Esercizi e problemi risolti con MATLAB e Octave, 5a edizione. ed, UNITEXT. Springer, Milano.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang, C., Balch, W.E., 2016. Managing the Adaptive Proteostatic Landscape: Restoring Resilience in Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency, in: Wanner, A., Sandhaus, R.A. (Eds.), Alpha-1 Antitrypsin: Role in Health and Disease, Respiratory Medicine. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 53–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Dendrochronologia.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Engaging The Public With Science Can Yield Unexpected Rewards [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2015. Aviation Safety: Proposals to Enhance Aircraft Tracking and Flight Data Recovery May Aid Accident Investigation, but Challenges Remain (No. GAO-15-443). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chirwa, K.U., 2017. Encumbered Existence: A Three Movement Work for Jazz Orchestra (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S., 2002. Running for Herself and in Memory. New York Times F2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tromans, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Draine and Ostriker, 2007; Tromans, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Draine and Ostriker, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Dioum et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleDendrochronologia
AbbreviationDendrochronologia (Verona)
ISSN (print)1125-7865
ScopePlant Science

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