How to format your references using the Journal of Mathematics Teacher Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Mathematics Teacher Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Johnson, S. C. (2014). Translational Medicine. A target for pharmacological intervention in an untreatable human disease. Science (New York, N.Y.), 346(6214), 1192.
A journal article with 2 authors
Etienne-Manneville, S., & Hall, A. (2003). Cdc42 regulates GSK-3beta and adenomatous polyposis coli to control cell polarity. Nature, 421(6924), 753–756.
A journal article with 3 authors
Davies, P. C. W., Davis, T. M., & Lineweaver, C. H. (2002). Black holes constrain varying constants. Nature, 418(6898), 602–603.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Chamberlain, S. R., Müller, U., Blackwell, A. D., Clark, L., Robbins, T. W., & Sahakian, B. J. (2006). Neurochemical modulation of response inhibition and probabilistic learning in humans. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5762), 861–863.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Massad, J. J., Cagna, D. R., Goodacre, C. J., Wicks, R. A., & Ahuja, S. A. (2017). Application of the Neutral Zone in Prosthodontics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Lodwick, W. A., & Kacprzyk, J. (Eds.). (2010). Fuzzy Optimization: Recent Advances and Applications (Vol. 254). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Munoz-Garcia, F., & Toro-Gonzalez, D. (2016). Sequential-Move Games with Complete Information. In D. Toro-Gonzalez (Ed.), Strategy and Game Theory: Practice Exercises with Answers (pp. 107–143). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Mathematics Teacher Education.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016, October 14). Does The Length Of Your Fingers Really Reveal How Good Your Directional Sense Is? IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). Medical ADP Systems: Changes in Composite Health Care System’s Deployment Strategy Are Unwise (No. IMTEC-91-47). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Green, R. E. (2010). From Hart to Hammerstein: The music of Richard Rodgers and his evolution toward the integrated musical (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Halbfinger, D. M., & Hubbard, B. (2017, September 7). Airstrikes on Syrian Sites Renew Focus on Chemical Arms. New York Times, p. A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Johnson 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Etienne-Manneville and Hall 2003; Johnson 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Etienne-Manneville and Hall 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Chamberlain et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Mathematics Teacher Education
AbbreviationJ. Math. Teach. Educ.
ISSN (print)1386-4416
ISSN (online)1573-1820
ScopeGeneral Mathematics

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