How to format your references using the Chemical Engineering Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemical Engineering Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dehgan, A., 2012. Creating the new development ecosystem. Science 336, 1397–1398.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hasty, P., Vijg, J., 2002. Aging. Genomic priorities in aging. Science 296, 1250–1251.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sakurai, H., Daiko, T., Hirao, T., 2003. A synthesis of sumanene, a fullerene fragment. Science 301, 1878.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ordovas-Montanes, J., Dwyer, D.F., Nyquist, S.K., Buchheit, K.M., Vukovic, M., Deb, C., Wadsworth, M.H., 2nd, Hughes, T.K., Kazer, S.W., Yoshimoto, E., Cahill, K.N., Bhattacharyya, N., Katz, H.R., Berger, B., Laidlaw, T.M., Boyce, J.A., Barrett, N.A., Shalek, A.K., 2018. Allergic inflammatory memory in human respiratory epithelial progenitor cells. Nature 560, 649–654.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Paret, D., Riesco, R., 2005. RFID and Contactless Smart Card Applications. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, West Sussex, England.
An edited book
Theg, S.M., Wollman, F.-A. (Eds.), 2014. Plastid Biology, Advances in Plant Biology. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Gunnarsson, L., Kristiansson, E., Larsson, D.G.J., 2012. Environmental Comparative Pharmacology: Theory and Application, in: Brooks, B.W., Huggett, D.B. (Eds.), Human Pharmaceuticals in the Environment: Current and Future Perspectives, Emerging Topics in Ecotoxicology. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 85–108.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemical Engineering Science.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. Crabs are Gobbling Up Our Mangrove Restoration Efforts [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1994. Federal Judicial Space Follow-up (No. GGD-94-135R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hardin, J., 2010. A study of social cognitive theory: The relationship between professional learning communities and collective teacher efficacy in international school settings (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson, M., 2017. How ‘Great Comet’ Burned Out. New York Times C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dehgan, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Dehgan, 2012; Hasty and Vijg, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hasty and Vijg, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Ordovas-Montanes et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleChemical Engineering Science
AbbreviationChem. Eng. Sci.
ISSN (print)0009-2509
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
General Chemistry
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
Applied Mathematics

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