How to format your references using the Chemical Engineering Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemical Engineering Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gilbert, N., 2011. Regulations: Herbal medicine rule book. Nature 480, S98-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yoon, T.P., Jacobsen, E.N., 2003. Privileged chiral catalysts. Science 299, 1691–1693.
A journal article with 3 authors
Imaizumi, K., Shih, J.Y., Farris, H.E., 2013. Global hyper-synchronous spontaneous activity in the developing optic tectum. Sci. Rep. 3, 1552.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Vogelauer, M., Wu, J., Suka, N., Grunstein, M., 2000. Global histone acetylation and deacetylation in yeast. Nature 408, 495–498.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Burton, E., 2016. Business and Entrepreneurship in Saudi Arabia. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Liapis, H., Wang, H.L. (Eds.), 2011. Pathology of Solid Organ Transplantation. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Hong, S.P., 2015. Differential Diagnosis Between Inflammatory Bowel Diseases and Other Intestinal Disorders, in: Kim, W.H., Cheon, J.H. (Eds.), Atlas of Inflammatory Bowel Diseases. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 87–96.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemical Engineering Science.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2016. SpaceX Has Delayed Its First Manned Launch To 2018 [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1996. Analysis of “Florida’s Fair Share” (No. HEHS-96-168R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cox, E.T., 2012. Prenatal cocaine: Effects on neonatal vocalizations, cue-induced maternal response, and brain development (Doctoral dissertation). University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J., 2017. ‘Madman’ On Mound, Coolheaded Off the Field. New York Times B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gilbert, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Gilbert, 2011; Yoon and Jacobsen, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yoon and Jacobsen, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Vogelauer et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleChemical Engineering Science
AbbreviationChem. Eng. Sci.
ISSN (print)0009-2509
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
General Chemistry
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
Applied Mathematics

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