How to format your references using the Chemical Engineering Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemical Engineering Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Franson, J.D., 2010. Physics. Pairs rule quantum interference. Science 329, 396–397.
A journal article with 2 authors
Florence, T.J., Reiser, M.B., 2015. Neuroscience: hot on the trail of temperature processing. Nature 519, 296–297.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bhagat, D., Samanta, S.K., Bhattacharya, S., 2013. Efficient management of fruit pests by pheromone nanogels. Sci. Rep. 3, 1294.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Helsen, M.M., van den Broeke, M.R., van de Wal, R.S.W., van de Berg, W.J., van Meijgaard, E., Davis, C.H., Li, Y., Goodwin, I., 2008. Elevation changes in Antarctica mainly determined by accumulation variability. Science 320, 1626–1629.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
West, B.J., Griffin, L.A., 2005. Biodynamics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Banerjee, S., Mukherjee, V., Haldar, S.K. (Eds.), 2016. Understanding Development: An Indian Perspective on Legal and Economic Policy, 1st ed. 2016. ed, India Studies in Business and Economics. Springer India, New Delhi.
A chapter in an edited book
Flint, T., 2016. Fiction for Design: Appropriating Hollywood Techniques for Design Fictions, in: Turner, P., Harviainen, J.T. (Eds.), Digital Make-Believe, Human–Computer Interaction Series. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 49–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemical Engineering Science.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2016. Oxytocin-Lowering Medical Conditions May Reduce Empathy [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1983. Federal Agencies Could Save Time and Money With Better Computer Software Alternatives (No. AFMD-83-29). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jaffer, S., 2013. Harnessing innovation in the 21st century: the impact of leadership styles (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kovaleski, S.F., 2015. All the Presidents’ Memorabilia. New York Times C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Franson, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Florence and Reiser, 2015; Franson, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Florence and Reiser, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Helsen et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleChemical Engineering Science
AbbreviationChem. Eng. Sci.
ISSN (print)0009-2509
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
General Chemistry
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
Applied Mathematics

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