How to format your references using the Chemical Engineering Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemical Engineering Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Maquat, L.E., 2002. Molecular biology. Skiing toward nonstop mRNA decay. Science 295, 2221–2222.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chuong, E.B., Feschotte, C., 2013. Evolution. Transposons up the dosage. Science 342, 812–813.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kennedy, M.J., Pevear, D.R., Hill, R.J., 2002. Mineral surface control of organic carbon in black shale. Science 295, 657–660.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Li, L., Wang, L., Wu, Z., Yao, L., Wu, Y., Huang, L., Liu, K., Zhou, X., Gou, D., 2014. Anthocyanin-rich fractions from red raspberries attenuate inflammation in both RAW264.7 macrophages and a mouse model of colitis. Sci. Rep. 4, 6234.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Blicq, R.S., Moretto, L.A., 2015. Writing Reports to Get Results. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, USA.
An edited book
Kachapi, S.H.H., 2014. Dynamics and Vibrations: Progress in Nonlinear Analysis, Solid Mechanics and Its Applications. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Kellerman, H., Burry, A., 2007. Reality Testing and Cognitive Functioning, in: Kellerman, H., Burry, A. (Eds.), Handbook of Psychodiagnostic Testing: Analysis of Personality in the Psychological Report. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 43–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemical Engineering Science.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2017. The Great Barrier Reef Suffered Far Worse Bleaching Than Originally Thought [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2000. Intellectual Property: Deposits of Biological Materials in Support of Certain Patent Applications (No. GAO-01-49). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Small, C.R., 2013. An investigation on the effect(s) of different modes of intervention for weight management on HDL-cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol production among United States veterans (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burghardt, L.F., 2006. An Animal Sanctuary Is Under Pressure to Move. New York Times 14LI6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Maquat, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Chuong and Feschotte, 2013; Maquat, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chuong and Feschotte, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleChemical Engineering Science
AbbreviationChem. Eng. Sci.
ISSN (print)0009-2509
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
General Chemistry
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
Applied Mathematics

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