How to format your references using the Chemical Engineering Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemical Engineering Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Boswell, R., 2009. Engineering. Is gas hydrate energy within reach? Science 325, 957–958.
A journal article with 2 authors
Smetacek, V., Nicol, S., 2005. Polar ocean ecosystems in a changing world. Nature 437, 362–368.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee, S.H., Oe, T., Blair, I.A., 2001. Vitamin C-induced decomposition of lipid hydroperoxides to endogenous genotoxins. Science 292, 2083–2086.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ouyang, Y., Shi, H., Fu, R., Wu, D., 2013. Highly monodisperse microporous polymeric and carbonaceous nanospheres with multifunctional properties. Sci. Rep. 3, 1430.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gaisford, S., Saunders, M., 2012. Essentials of Pharmaceutical Preformulation. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Ignatov, D.I., Khachay, M.Y., Panchenko, A., Konstantinova, N., Yavorsky, R.E. (Eds.), 2014. Analysis of Images, Social Networks and Texts: Third International Conference, AIST 2014, Yekaterinburg, Russia, April 10-12, 2014, Revised Selected Papers, Communications in Computer and Information Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Chagarov, E.A., Kummel, A.C., 2010. Density Functional Theory Simulations of High-k Oxides on III-V Semiconductors, in: Oktyabrsky, S., Ye, P. (Eds.), Fundamentals of III-V Semiconductor MOSFETs. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 93–130.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemical Engineering Science.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. The Smell Of Rain: How CSIRO Invented A New Word [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1994. Early Childhood Programs: Local Perspectives on Barriers to Providing Head Start Services (No. HEHS-95-8). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gibb, A., 2012. Implementing U.S. security strategy in the 21st century: A three-part examination of the evolving role of the military in American foreign and security policy (Doctoral dissertation). University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sang-Hun, C., Fackler, M., Cowan, A.L., Sayare, S., 2014. Greed Before the Fall. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Boswell, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Boswell, 2009; Smetacek and Nicol, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Smetacek and Nicol, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Ouyang et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleChemical Engineering Science
AbbreviationChem. Eng. Sci.
ISSN (print)0009-2509
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
General Chemistry
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
Applied Mathematics

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