How to format your references using the Journal of Mathematical Modelling and Algorithms in Operations Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Mathematical Modelling and Algorithms in Operations Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Garsin, D.A.: Microbiology. Peptide signals sense and destroy target cells. Science. 306, 2202–2203 (2004)
A journal article with 2 authors
Bakkenist, C.J., Kastan, M.B.: DNA damage activates ATM through intermolecular autophosphorylation and dimer dissociation. Nature. 421, 499–506 (2003)
A journal article with 3 authors
Rastogi, D., Suzuki, M., Greally, J.M.: Differential epigenome-wide DNA methylation patterns in childhood obesity-associated asthma. Sci. Rep. 3, 2164 (2013)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lister, A.M., Edwards, C.J., Nock, D.A.W., Bunce, M., van Pijlen, I.A., Bradley, D.G., Thomas, M.G., Barnes, I.: The phylogenetic position of the “giant deer” Megaloceros giganteus. Nature. 438, 850–853 (2005)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Boillot, M.: Advanced Smart Grids for Distribution System Operators: Volume 1. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2014)
An edited book
Hoffmann, M.H.G., Lenhard, J., Seeger, F. eds: Activity and Sign: Grounding Mathematics Education. Springer US, Boston, MA (2005)
A chapter in an edited book
Palosz, B., Gierlotka, S., Swiderska-Sroda, A., Fietkiewicz, K., Kalisz, G., Grzanka, E., Stel’makh, S., Palosz, W.: Combining Hard with Soft Materials in Nanoscale under High-Pressure High-Temperature Conditions. In: Lee, J., Novikov, N., and Turkevich, V. (eds.) Innovative Superhard Materials and Sustainable Coatings for Advanced Manufacturing: Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Innovative Superhard Materials and Sustainable Coatings Kiev, Ukraine 12–15 May 2004. pp. 43–62. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2005)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Mathematical Modelling and Algorithms in Operations Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Delta Aquarid Meteor Shower Peaks Tonight! Watch A Live Webcast Here,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Federal Research: Determination of the Best Qualified Sites for DOE’s Super Collider. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1989)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Day, C.: Medication-assisted treatment: Education for those who assist in the treatment of substance use disorders curriculum development, (2012)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L.: Supreme Court Allows Disabled Georgia Inmate to Proceed With Suit Against State, (2006)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Mathematical Modelling and Algorithms in Operations Research
ISSN (print)1570-1166
ISSN (online)1572-9214

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