How to format your references using the Journal of Mathematical Modelling and Algorithms in Operations Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Mathematical Modelling and Algorithms in Operations Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hirschmann, M.: Earth science: a wet mantle conductor? Nature. 439, E3; discussion E3-4 (2006)
A journal article with 2 authors
Holt, C.E., Bullock, S.L.: Subcellular mRNA localization in animal cells and why it matters. Science. 326, 1212–1216 (2009)
A journal article with 3 authors
Taylor, J.P., Hardy, J., Fischbeck, K.H.: Toxic proteins in neurodegenerative disease. Science. 296, 1991–1995 (2002)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang, L., Lei, P., Xie, J., Li, K., Dai, Z., Hu, Y.: Medium-term outcomes of cemented prostheses and cementless modular prostheses in revision total hip arthroplasty. Sci. Rep. 3, 2796 (2013)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McEvily, A.J.: Metal Failures. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2013)
An edited book
Ballen, K. ed: Umbilical Cord Blood Banking and Transplantation. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2014)
A chapter in an edited book
Mayor, G., Recasens, J.: Finitely Valued Indistinguishability Operators. In: Hüllermeier, E., Kruse, R., and Hoffmann, F. (eds.) Computational Intelligence for Knowledge-Based Systems Design: 13th International Conference on Information Processing and Management of Uncertainty, IPMU 2010, Dortmund, Germany, June 28 - July 2, 2010. Proceedings. pp. 39–48. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2010)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Mathematical Modelling and Algorithms in Operations Research.

Blog post
Hale, T.: Check Out This Incredible Visualization Of Over 500 Exoplanets


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: [Comments on Proposed Changes to DAR Cost Principles and Internal Procedures]. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1982)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Del Cid, E.J.: Services for immigrant families with children in the child welfare system: A grant proposal project, (2009)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
LaFRANIERE, S., Kirkpatrick, D.D., Vogel, K.P.: Guest at Trump Tower Meeting Has Aided Close Allies of Putin, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Mathematical Modelling and Algorithms in Operations Research
ISSN (print)1570-1166
ISSN (online)1572-9214

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