How to format your references using the Journal of Mathematical Modelling and Algorithms in Operations Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Mathematical Modelling and Algorithms in Operations Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McKinney, J.D.: Technology: Photonics illuminates the future of radar. Nature. 507, 310–311 (2014)
A journal article with 2 authors
Ren, B.-C., Deng, F.-G.: Hyper-parallel photonic quantum computation with coupled quantum dots. Sci. Rep. 4, 4623 (2014)
A journal article with 3 authors
Hines, P.J., Wible, B., McCartney, M.: Science, language, and literacy. Learning to read, reading to learn. Introduction. Science. 328, 447 (2010)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bardgett, R.D., Smith, R.S., Shiel, R.S., Peacock, S., Simkin, J.M., Quirk, H., Hobbs, P.J.: Parasitic plants indirectly regulate below-ground properties in grassland ecosystems. Nature. 439, 969–972 (2006)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zepernick, H.-J., Finger, A.: Pseudo Random Signal Processing. John Wiley & Sons Ltd,., West Sussex, England (2005)
An edited book
Machado, J.A.T.: Nonlinear and Complex Dynamics: Applications in Physical, Biological, and Financial Systems. Springer, New York, NY (2011)
A chapter in an edited book
Stöckmann, H.-J.: Chaos in Microwave Resonators. In: Duplantier, B., Nonnenmacher, S., and Rivasseau, V. (eds.) Chaos: Poincaré Seminar 2010. pp. 169–191. Springer, Basel (2013)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Mathematical Modelling and Algorithms in Operations Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Empty Electronics Factories Turned Into High-Tech Indoor Farms


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Commercial Space: FAA Should Examine How to Appropriately Regulate Space Support Vehicles. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2016)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sherwin, P.R.: The disconnection between high school and college: A study of retention of students who are at risk of leaving college before completing a degree, (2012)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G.: When Goodell Learned That Life Is No Game, (2010)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Mathematical Modelling and Algorithms in Operations Research
ISSN (print)1570-1166
ISSN (online)1572-9214

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