How to format your references using the Journal of Mathematical Modelling and Algorithms in Operations Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Mathematical Modelling and Algorithms in Operations Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vivien, L.: Computer technology: Silicon chips lighten up. Nature. 528, 483–484 (2015)
A journal article with 2 authors
Singh, H., Demarco, I.A.: Immunology. Double TIP-ping. Science. 329, 914–915 (2010)
A journal article with 3 authors
Coumou, D., Lehmann, J., Beckmann, J.: Climate change. The weakening summer circulation in the Northern Hemisphere mid-latitudes. Science. 348, 324–327 (2015)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Shiraishi, R., Ohtani, E., Kanagawa, K., Shimojuku, A., Zhao, D.: Crystallographic preferred orientation of akimotoite and seismic anisotropy of Tonga slab. Nature. 455, 657–660 (2008)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pavé, A.: Modeling Living Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2012)
An edited book
Rzoska, S.J., Mazur, V.A. eds: Soft Matter under Exogenic Impacts. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2007)
A chapter in an edited book
Monroy-Ata, A., Peña-Becerril, J.C., García-Díaz, M.: Mycorrhizal Symbiosis Organization of Dominant Tree Prosopis laevigata (Mesquite) in a Xeric Shrub of Central Mexico. In: Pagano, M.C. (ed.) Recent Advances on Mycorrhizal Fungi. pp. 35–45. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Mathematical Modelling and Algorithms in Operations Research.

Blog post
Andrews, R.: Tropical Cyclones Will Become Less Common But Far More Intense Thanks To Climate Change,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: DOT’s Recommendation Response System. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1992)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Layer, B.D.: Structured plasma waveguides and deep EUV generation enabled by intense laser-cluster interactions, (2012)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G.: When Loss Means Disappointment, Not Disaster, (2010)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Mathematical Modelling and Algorithms in Operations Research
ISSN (print)1570-1166
ISSN (online)1572-9214

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