How to format your references using the Journal of Mathematical Modelling and Algorithms in Operations Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Mathematical Modelling and Algorithms in Operations Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Spielmann, C.: Ultrafast dynamics. Electrons take the fast track through silicon. Science. 346, 1293–1294 (2014)
A journal article with 2 authors
Seelig, J.D., Jayaraman, V.: Neural dynamics for landmark orientation and angular path integration. Nature. 521, 186–191 (2015)
A journal article with 3 authors
Pronin, S.V., Reiher, C.A., Shenvi, R.A.: Stereoinversion of tertiary alcohols to tertiary-alkyl isonitriles and amines. Nature. 501, 195–199 (2013)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lim, Y.-W., Steinhoff, M., Girosi, F., Holtzman, D., Campbell, H., Boer, R., Black, R., Mulholland, K.: Reducing the global burden of acute lower respiratory infections in children: the contribution of new diagnostics. Nature. 444 Suppl 1, 9–18 (2006)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brandimarte, P.: Handbook in Monte Carlo Simulation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2014)
An edited book
Patterson, C., Willis, M.S. eds: Translational Cardiology: Molecular Basis of Cardiac Metabolism, Cardiac Remodeling, Translational Therapies and Imaging Techniques. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ (2012)
A chapter in an edited book
Machnik, L.K., Ewer, J., Erickson, J.: The Use of Spatial Technology in United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Wilderness Recreation Site Surveys. In: Carver, S.J. and Fritz, S. (eds.) Mapping Wilderness: Concepts, Techniques and Applications. pp. 55–68. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2016)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Mathematical Modelling and Algorithms in Operations Research.

Blog post


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Information Superhighway: Issues Affecting Development. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1994)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Smith, C.: The affect of acculturation on obesity among foreign-born Asians residing in the United States, (2013)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B.: Film Series, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Mathematical Modelling and Algorithms in Operations Research
ISSN (print)1570-1166
ISSN (online)1572-9214

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