How to format your references using the Biotechnology Advances citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biotechnology Advances. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Frenking, G., 2000. Another noble gas conquered. Nature 406, 836–837.
A journal article with 2 authors
Koren, I., Feingold, G., 2013. Adaptive behavior of marine cellular clouds. Sci. Rep. 3, 2507.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wilmé, L., Goodman, S.M., Ganzhorn, J.U., 2006. Biogeographic evolution of Madagascar’s microendemic biota. Science 312, 1063–1065.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Pickart, R.S., Spall, M.A., Ribergaard, M.H., Moore, G.W.K., Milliff, R.F., 2003. Deep convection in the Irminger Sea forced by the Greenland tip jet. Nature 424, 152–156.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Arendt, J.S., Lorenzo, D.K., 2000. Evaluating Process Safety in the Chemical Industry. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Kraemer, F.A., Herrmann, P. (Eds.), 2011. System Analysis and Modeling: About Models: 6th International Workshop, SAM 2010, Oslo, Norway, October 4-5, 2010, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Bhojwani, S.S., Dantu, P.K., 2013. Tissue and Cell Culture, in: Dantu, P.K. (Ed.), Plant Tissue Culture: An Introductory Text. Springer India, New Delhi, pp. 39–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biotechnology Advances.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Scientists Create A “Bat Ear” That Lets You “See” What Bats Hear [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2006. Lessons Learned for Protecting and Educating Children after the Gulf Coast Hurricanes (No. GAO-06-680R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lytle, S.C., 2010. Giving voice to the past: New editions of select repertoire of the 26th Regiment Band, North Carolina troops, C.S.A (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G.G., 2013. Miles to Go Before He Sings. New York Times MB2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Frenking, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Frenking, 2000; Koren and Feingold, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Koren and Feingold, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Pickart et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiotechnology Advances
AbbreviationBiotechnol. Adv.
ISSN (print)0734-9750

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