How to format your references using the Biotechnology Advances citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biotechnology Advances. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Parkes, R.J., 2000. A case of bacterial immortality? Nature 407, 844–845.
A journal article with 2 authors
Green, C.B., Menaker, M., 2003. Circadian rhythms. Clocks on the brain. Science 301, 319–320.
A journal article with 3 authors
Poulsen, C.J., Ehlers, T.A., Insel, N., 2010. Onset of convective rainfall during gradual late Miocene rise of the central Andes. Science 328, 490–493.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gough, D.J., Corlett, A., Schlessinger, K., Wegrzyn, J., Larner, A.C., Levy, D.E., 2009. Mitochondrial STAT3 supports Ras-dependent oncogenic transformation. Science 324, 1713–1716.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Martin, J.E., 2013. Physics for Radiation Protection. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Li, P., Silveira, L.M., Feldmann, P. (Eds.), 2011. Simulation and Verification of Electronic and Biological Systems. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Borbély, D., 2005. EU Export Specialization Patterns in Selected Accession Countries, in: Welfens, P.J.J., Wziątek-Kubiak, A. (Eds.), Structural Change and Exchange Rate Dynamics: The Economics of EU Eastern Enlargement. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 37–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biotechnology Advances.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016. Here’s What Drugs Europeans Are Getting High On This Year [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1970. Sole-Source Contract Awards for Assembly of Radio Communication Systems, AN/GRC-142 (No. B-165004). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Torres, A., 2013. An understanding of the first-generation community college student: A strengths and assets approach (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Himelstein, L., 2012. Like a Tupperware Party, With Punching. New York Times E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Parkes, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Green and Menaker, 2003; Parkes, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Green and Menaker, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Gough et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiotechnology Advances
AbbreviationBiotechnol. Adv.
ISSN (print)0734-9750

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