How to format your references using the Biotechnology Advances citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biotechnology Advances. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eggleston, C.M., 2008. Geochemistry. Toward new uses for hematite. Science 320, 184–185.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tyers, M., Mann, M., 2003. From genomics to proteomics. Nature 422, 193–197.
A journal article with 3 authors
Morford, S.L., Houlton, B.Z., Dahlgren, R.A., 2011. Increased forest ecosystem carbon and nitrogen storage from nitrogen rich bedrock. Nature 477, 78–81.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Isalan, M., Lemerle, C., Michalodimitrakis, K., Horn, C., Beltrao, P., Raineri, E., Garriga-Canut, M., Serrano, L., 2008. Evolvability and hierarchy in rewired bacterial gene networks. Nature 452, 840–845.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morana, J., 2013. Sustainable Supply Chain Management. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA.
An edited book
Henderson-Sellers, B., 2014. Situational Method Engineering. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Séguy, I., Buchet, L., 2013. Age at Death: Current Approaches and Methods, in: Buchet, L. (Ed.), Handbook of Palaeodemography, INED Population Studies. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 85–98.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biotechnology Advances.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2016. Human Embryos Grown In Lab For Record Period Of Time [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2009. Student Achievement: Schools Use Multiple Strategies to Help Students Meet Academic Standards, Especially Schools with Higher Proportions of Low-Income and Minority Students (No. GAO-10-18). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tu, K.N., 2013. Novel bivalent organophosphates as inhibitors of butyrylcholinesterase — Compounds with potential for treatment of Alzheimer’s disease and studies in the development of asymmetric catalytic Kabachnik-Fields reaction (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, R.K.R., whose most recent book of poems is ’ ’Not This Island Music, Literature, ’ ’ Teaches, writing at Bard College, 1987. I AM NOT A HALFBACK. New York Times 79.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Eggleston, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Eggleston, 2008; Tyers and Mann, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tyers and Mann, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Isalan et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiotechnology Advances
AbbreviationBiotechnol. Adv.
ISSN (print)0734-9750

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