How to format your references using the Biotechnology Advances citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biotechnology Advances. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Torres-Reveron, A., 2009. Hispanic people start leaping over barriers to better jobs. Nature 460, 949.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mezbahul-Islam, M., Medraj, M., 2013. Phase equilibrium in Mg-Cu-Y. Sci. Rep. 3, 3033.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gaucher, E.A., Govindarajan, S., Ganesh, O.K., 2008. Palaeotemperature trend for Precambrian life inferred from resurrected proteins. Nature 451, 704–707.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Juhás, P., Cherba, D.M., Duxbury, P.M., Punch, W.F., Billinge, S.J.L., 2006. Ab initio determination of solid-state nanostructure. Nature 440, 655–658.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Inness, P., Dorling, S., 2012. Operational Weather Forecasting. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Artmann, G.M., Minger, S., Hescheler, J. (Eds.), 2011. Stem Cell Engineering: Principles and Applications. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Crowston, K., Shamshurin, I., 2016. Core-Periphery Communication and the Success of Free/Libre Open Source Software Projects, in: Crowston, K., Hammouda, I., Lundell, B., Robles, G., Gamalielsson, J., Lindman, J. (Eds.), Open Source Systems: Integrating Communities: 12th IFIP WG 2.13 International Conference, OSS 2016, Gothenburg, Sweden, May 30 - June 2, 2016, Proceedings, IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 45–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biotechnology Advances.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. Venus Express Prepares for its Summer Plunge [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1993. Transition From School to Work: S. 1361 Addresses Components of Comprehensive Strategy (No. T-HRD-93-31). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shah, S.K., 2017. Data Transmission Using Image Steganography in Quick Response (QR) Code (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
GEORGE GENE GUSTINES; Compiled by RACHEL LEE HARRIS, 2009. Stephen King Plans a Vampire Comic. New York Times C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Torres-Reveron, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Mezbahul-Islam and Medraj, 2013; Torres-Reveron, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mezbahul-Islam and Medraj, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Juhás et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiotechnology Advances
AbbreviationBiotechnol. Adv.
ISSN (print)0734-9750

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