How to format your references using the Huisarts en Wetenschap citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Huisarts en Wetenschap. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baker M. Animal models: inside the minds of mice and men. Nature. 2011 Jul 6;475(7354):123–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gottlieb RA, Bernstein D. METABOLISM. Mitochondria shape cardiac metabolism. Science. 2015 Dec 4;350(6265):1162–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fuster JM, Bodner M, Kroger JK. Cross-modal and cross-temporal association in neurons of frontal cortex. Nature. 2000 May 18;405(6784):347–51.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Knesel KM, Cohen BE, Vasconcelos PM, Thiede DS. Rapid change in drift of the Australian plate records collision with Ontong Java plateau. Nature. 2008 Aug 7;454(7205):754–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chen W-Y. NeuroInvesting. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
Ishii H, Kudo K, Nakayama T, Ueno N, editors. Electronic Processes in Organic Electronics: Bridging Nanostructure, Electronic States and Device Properties. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2015. XIII, 432 p. 261 illus., 160 illus. in color. (Springer Series in Materials Science; vol. 209).
A chapter in an edited book
Butowski N, Chang S. Adult High-Grade Glioma. In: Barnett GH, editor. High-Grade Gliomas: Diagnosis and Treatment. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2007. p. 59–69. (Current Clinical Oncology).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Huisarts en Wetenschap.

Blog post
Fang J. Ancient Mammal-Like Reptiles Sprouted Whiskers [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Drug Abuse Control Program Activities in Okinawa. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1972 Aug. Report No.: B-164031(2).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hogue ML. A Case Study of Perspectives on Building School and Community Partnerships [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tampa, FL]: University of South Florida; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ivory D, Ruiz RR. Cobalts Were Seen as Lemons From Start, State Data Shows. New York Times. 2014 Apr 1;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleHuisarts en Wetenschap
AbbreviationHuisarts Wet.
ISSN (print)0018-7070
ISSN (online)1876-5912
ScopeFamily Practice

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