How to format your references using the Huisarts en Wetenschap citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Huisarts en Wetenschap. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bodelier PLE. Sustainability: Bypassing the methane cycle. Nature. 2015 Jul 30;523(7562):534–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lucas D, Frenette PS. Stem cells: Reprogramming finds its niche. Nature. 2014 Jul 17;511(7509):301–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cuello LG, Cortes DM, Perozo E. Molecular architecture of the KvAP voltage-dependent K+ channel in a lipid bilayer. Science. 2004 Oct 15;306(5695):491–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Adhyaksa GWP, Lee GI, Baek S-W, Lee J-Y, Kang JK. Broadband energy transfer to sensitizing dyes by mobile quantum dot mediators in solar cells. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2711.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Murthy DNP, Kurvinen M, Töyrylä I. Warranty Fraud Management: Reducing Fraud and Other Excess Costs in Warranty and Service Operations. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
Lübbert M, Jones PA, editors. Epigenetic Therapy of Cancer: Preclinical Models and Treatment Approaches. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014. X, 325 p. 48 illus., 14 illus. in color.
A chapter in an edited book
Michael J, Barth A, Kloft C, Derendorf H. Pharmacodynamic In Vitro Models to Determine the Effect of Antibiotics. In: Vinks AA, Derendorf H, Mouton JW, editors. Fundamentals of Antimicrobial Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics. New York, NY: Springer; 2014. p. 81–112.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Huisarts en Wetenschap.

Blog post
Luntz S. Inside the World’s Largest Snake Orgy [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Job Corps Costs and Outcomes. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993 Feb. Report No.: HRD-93-16R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Carpenter DM. Understanding the effect of conflicting information on medication adherence for vasculitis patients [Doctoral dissertation]. [Chapel Hill, NC]: University of North Carolina; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear MD. In Former F.B.I. Director, Investigation Gains a Leader Known for Independence. New York Times. 2017 May 18;A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleHuisarts en Wetenschap
AbbreviationHuisarts Wet.
ISSN (print)0018-7070
ISSN (online)1876-5912
ScopeFamily Practice

Other styles