How to format your references using the Huisarts en Wetenschap citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Huisarts en Wetenschap. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shaw R. Journal club. A cancer researcher ponders a fundamental connection between nutrients and gene expression. Nature. 2009 Dec 17;462(7275):829.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ruhl HA, Smith KL Jr. Shifts in deep-sea community structure linked to climate and food supply. Science. 2004 Jul 23;305(5683):513–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ohmoto H, Watanabe Y, Kumazawa K. Evidence from massive siderite beds for a CO2-rich atmosphere before approximately 1.8 billion years ago. Nature. 2004 May 27;429(6990):395–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Sato Y, Yasuhara K, Kikuchi JI, Sato TN. Synthetic cell division system: controlling equal vs. unequal divisions by design. Sci Rep. 2013 Dec 11;3:3475.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Massad JJ, Cagna DR, Goodacre CJ, Wicks RA, Ahuja SA. Application of the Neutral Zone in Prosthodontics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
Comin M, Käll L, Marchiori E, Ngom A, Rajapakse J, editors. Pattern Recognition in Bioinformatics: 9th IAPR International Conference, PRIB 2014, Stockholm, Sweden, August 21-23, 2014. Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. XII, 135 p. 29 illus. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 8626).
A chapter in an edited book
Dörfler W, Lechleiter A, Plum M, Schneider G, Wieners C. The role of the nonlinear Schrödinger equation in nonlinear optics. In: Lechleiter A, Plum M, Schneider G, Wieners C, editors. Photonic Crystals: Mathematical Analysis and Numerical Approximation. Basel: Springer; 2011. p. 127–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Huisarts en Wetenschap.

Blog post
Andrew D. A Geologist Has Found Part Of A Lost Ocean That Existed Long Before The Atlantic [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Comments on the Solar Power Satellite Research, Development, and Demonstration Program Act of 1978. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978 Apr. Report No.: EMD-78-61.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shurts C. Superstructure [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kwai I. Protests Over Punishment For Killing Aboriginal Teen. New York Times. 2017 Jul 24;A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleHuisarts en Wetenschap
AbbreviationHuisarts Wet.
ISSN (print)0018-7070
ISSN (online)1876-5912
ScopeFamily Practice

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