How to format your references using the Huisarts en Wetenschap citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Huisarts en Wetenschap. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Victor DG. Climate change: Embed the social sciences in climate policy. Nature. 2015 Apr 2;520(7545):27–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Howard J, Hyman AA. Dynamics and mechanics of the microtubule plus end. Nature. 2003 Apr 17;422(6933):753–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Brookmeyer R, Johnson E, Bollinger R. Public health vaccination policies for containing an anthrax outbreak. Nature. 2004 Dec 16;432(7019):901–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Chiorescu I, Bertet P, Semba K, Nakamura Y, Harmans CJPM, Mooij JE. Coherent dynamics of a flux qubit coupled to a harmonic oscillator. Nature. 2004 Sep 9;431(7005):159–62.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Heimer T, Werner M. Die Zukunft der Mikrosystemtechnik. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2004.
An edited book
Peter C, Beale R, editors. Affect and Emotion in Human-Computer Interaction: From Theory to Applications. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. X, 241 p. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 4868).
A chapter in an edited book
Fernández-Jalvo Y, Andrews P. Pits and Perforations. In: Andrews P, editor. Atlas of Taphonomic Identifications: 1001+ Images of Fossil and Recent Mammal Bone Modification. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2016. p. 101–53. (Vertebrate Paleobiology and Paleoanthropology).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Huisarts en Wetenschap.

Blog post
Andrew D. Space Submarines Will Allow Us To Explore The Seas Of Icy Moons. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: Preliminary Information on Media Ownership. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007 Dec. Report No.: GAO-08-330R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Keith A. Engagement and Temporary Teams: Considerations for Value Engineering Study Teams and Facilitators [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lee L. Art You Can Live With. New York Times. 2013 Oct 24;D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleHuisarts en Wetenschap
AbbreviationHuisarts Wet.
ISSN (print)0018-7070
ISSN (online)1876-5912
ScopeFamily Practice

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