How to format your references using the Huisarts en Wetenschap citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Huisarts en Wetenschap. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wilson WD. Tech.Sight. Analyzing biomolecular interactions. Science. 2002 Mar 15;295(5562):2103–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wilson JH, Elledge SJ. Cancer. BRCA2 enters the fray. Science. 2002 Sep 13;297(5588):1822–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
O’Brien SJ, Eizirik E, Murphy WJ. Genomics. On choosing mammalian genomes for sequencing. Science. 2001 Jun 22;292(5525):2264–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Bischofberger I, Calzolari DCE, De Los Rios P, Jelezarov I, Trappe V. Hydrophobic hydration of poly-N-isopropyl acrylamide: a matter of the mean energetic state of water. Sci Rep. 2014 Mar 14;4:4377.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stocker AA. Analog VLSI Circuits for the Perception of Visual Motion. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
Mullen KD, Prakash RK, editors. Hepatic Encephalopathy. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2012. XIV, 250 p. (Clinical Gastroenterology).
A chapter in an edited book
Rozbruch SR, Fragomen AT. Hybrid Lengthening Techniques: Lengthening and Then Nailing (LATN) and Lengthening and Then Plating (LAP). In: Kocaoğlu M, Tsuchiya H, Eralp L, editors. Advanced Techniques in Limb Reconstruction Surgery. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2015. p. 85–99.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Huisarts en Wetenschap.

Blog post
Luntz S. Australians Invited To Save The Wombats [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. ADP Equipment: Revised GSA Strategy for Microcomputer Purchases Can Improve Competition. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1986 May. Report No.: IMTEC-86-20.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mullis J. The impact of the media on public opinion of the police [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bordewich FM. Debate Prep. New York Times. 2017 Aug 14;BR21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleHuisarts en Wetenschap
AbbreviationHuisarts Wet.
ISSN (print)0018-7070
ISSN (online)1876-5912
ScopeFamily Practice

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