How to format your references using the Journal of Mathematical Fluid Mechanics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Mathematical Fluid Mechanics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sherratt, D.J.: Bacterial chromosome dynamics. Science. 301, 780–785 (2003)
A journal article with 2 authors
Hashizume, K., Chaussidon, M.: A non-terrestrial 16O-rich isotopic composition for the protosolar nebula. Nature. 434, 619–622 (2005)
A journal article with 3 authors
Homer, H., Gui, L., Carroll, J.: A spindle assembly checkpoint protein functions in prophase I arrest and prometaphase progression. Science. 326, 991–994 (2009)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Panikashvili, D., Simeonidou, C., Ben-Shabat, S., Hanus, L., Breuer, A., Mechoulam, R., Shohami, E.: An endogenous cannabinoid (2-AG) is neuroprotective after brain injury. Nature. 413, 527–531 (2001)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gerardi, M.H., Zimmerman, M.C.: Wastewater Pathogens. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2004)
An edited book
Klingebiel, S.: Public Sector Performance and Development Cooperation in Rwanda: Results-Based Approaches. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)
A chapter in an edited book
Sun, Y., Nishida, T., Thompson, S.E.: Band Structures of Strained Semiconductors. In: Thompson, S.E. and Nishida, T. (eds.) Strain Effect in Semiconductors: Theory and Device Applications. pp. 51–135. Springer US, Boston, MA (2010)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Mathematical Fluid Mechanics.

Blog post
Andrew, D.: What’s The Best Way To Go To The Toilet – Squatting Or Sitting?,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Air Traffic Control: FAA Needs to Justify Further Investment in Its Oceanic Display System. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1992)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dillard, C.: Multi-Tiered System of Supports (MTSS) and Implementation Science, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
MacFARQUHAR, N.: Conspiracy Theories Mix With Somber Condolences, (2015)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Mathematical Fluid Mechanics
AbbreviationJ. Math. Fluid Mech.
ISSN (print)1422-6928
ISSN (online)1422-6952
ScopeApplied Mathematics
Computational Mathematics
Mathematical Physics
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles