How to format your references using the Cognitive Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cognitive Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McCammon, C. (2005). Geochemistry. The paradox of mantle redox. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5723), 807–808.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fedorka, K. M., & Mousseau, T. A. (2004). Female mating bias results in conflicting sex-specific offspring fitness. Nature, 429(6987), 65–67.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fujisawa, K., Wrana, J. L., & Culotti, J. G. (2007). The slit receptor EVA-1 coactivates a SAX-3/Robo mediated guidance signal in C. elegans. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5846), 1934–1938.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hemberger, J., Lunkenheimer, P., Fichtl, R., Krug von Nidda, H. A., Tsurkan, V., & Loidl, A. (2005). Relaxor ferroelectricity and colossal magnetocapacitive coupling in ferromagnetic CdCr2S4. Nature, 434(7031), 364–367.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Madden, B. J. (2010). Wealth Creation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Chakraborty, B. (2013). Statistical Methods for Dynamic Treatment Regimes: Reinforcement Learning, Causal Inference, and Personalized Medicine (E. E. M. Moodie, Ed.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Cosottini, M. (2012). Vasi arteriosi. In M. Cosottini (Ed.), Anatomia RM dell’encefalo (pp. 91–96). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cognitive Psychology.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2017, May 26). Poachers Are Using Scientific Papers To Locate Endangered Species’ Whereabouts. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2003). University Research: Most Federal Agencies Need to Better Protect against Financial Conflicts of Interest (GAO-04-31). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Martinez, K. (2009). Personal narrative: The struggles and limitations of immigration experienced by an El Salvadorian refugee [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S. K. (2004, February 19). World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Move For Life Terms For Terrorists. New York Times, A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McCammon, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Fedorka & Mousseau, 2004; McCammon, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fedorka & Mousseau, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Fujisawa et al., 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Hemberger et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleCognitive Psychology
AbbreviationCogn. Psychol.
ISSN (print)0010-0285
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Developmental and Educational Psychology
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
Linguistics and Language

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