How to format your references using the Cognitive Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cognitive Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cowan, J. (2007). Astronomy: a constant surprise. Nature, 448(7149), 29.
A journal article with 2 authors
Thomas, P. C., & Robinson, M. S. (2005). Seismic resurfacing by a single impact on the asteroid 433 Eros. Nature, 436(7049), 366–369.
A journal article with 3 authors
Staal, M., Meysman, F. J. R., & Stal, L. J. (2003). Temperature excludes N2-fixing heterocystous cyanobacteria in the tropical oceans. Nature, 425(6957), 504–507.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Murata, S., Sasaki, K., Kishimoto, T., Niwa, S.-I., Hayashi, H., Takahama, Y., & Tanaka, K. (2007). Regulation of CD8+ T cell development by thymus-specific proteasomes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5829), 1349–1353.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Baines, P., Ferraro, J., & Rogers, P. (2010). The Wiley-Blackwell Encyclopedia of Eighteenth-Century Writers and Writing 1660 - 1789. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Vetulani, Z., & Uszkoreit, H. (Eds.). (2009). Human Language Technology. Challenges of the Information Society: Third Language and Technology Conference, LTC 2007, Poznan, Poland, October 5-7, 2007, Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 5603). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Pappenheimer, W. (2008). Tuning in Rorschach Maps. In R. Adams, S. Gibson, & S. M. Arisona (Eds.), Transdisciplinary Digital Art. Sound, Vision and the New Screen: Digital Art Weeks and Interactive Futures 2006/2007, Zurich, Switzerland and Victoria, BC, Canada. Selected Papers (pp. 33–45). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cognitive Psychology.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, July 20). Watch As This Engineer Cranks Up A 20,000-Watt Light Bulb In His Backyard. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1988). ADP Budget: Trends in SSA’s Information Technology Systems Budget (No. IMTEC-88-33FS). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Medina, L. M. (2012). Living with Global Shocks: Examining the Responses of Firms and Governments (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Marx, L. (2017, July 14). Two Different Cultures, One Modern Marriage. New York Times, p. ST10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cowan, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Cowan, 2007; Thomas & Robinson, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Thomas & Robinson, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Staal, Meysman, & Stal, 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Murata et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleCognitive Psychology
AbbreviationCogn. Psychol.
ISSN (print)0010-0285
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Developmental and Educational Psychology
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
Linguistics and Language

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