How to format your references using the Neuro-Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuro-Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brock SL. Materials science. Filling a void. Science. 2007;317(5837):460-461.
A journal article with 2 authors
Süsstrunk R, Huber SD. PHYSICS. Observation of phononic helical edge states in a mechanical topological insulator. Science. 2015;349(6243):47-50.
A journal article with 3 authors
Panday V, Tiest WMB, Kappers AML. Integration of length and curvature in haptic perception. Sci Rep. 2014;4:3856.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Shimojima T, Sakaguchi F, Ishizaka K, et al. Orbital-independent superconducting gaps in iron pnictides. Science. 2011;332(6029):564-567.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Putt A. Putt’s Law & the Successful Technocrat. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2006.
An edited book
Saharan V. Chitosan Based Nanomaterials in Plant Growth and Protection. (Pal A, ed.). New Delhi: Springer India; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Azzag H, Ratsimba D, Da Costa D, Guinot C, Venturini G. On Building Maps of Web Pages with a Cellular Automaton. In: Pan Y, Rammig FJ, Schmeck H, Solar M, eds. Biologically Inspired Cooperative Computing: IFIP 19th World Computer Congress, TC 10: 1st IFIP International Conference on Biologically Inspired Computing, August 21–24, 2006, Santiago, Chile. IFIP International Federation for Information Processing. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2006:33-42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuro-Oncology.

Blog post
Luntz S. Universal Pattern Governs Ratio Of Predators To Prey. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. James Webb Space Telescope: Project Meeting Cost and Schedule Commitments but Continues to Use Reserves to Address Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pokhrel P. Towards improved identification of spatially-distributed rainfall runoff models. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW. Cities in Debt Turn to States, Adding Strain. New York Times. October 5, 2010:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuro-Oncology
AbbreviationNeuro. Oncol.
ISSN (print)1522-8517
ISSN (online)1523-5866
ScopeCancer Research
Clinical Neurology

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