How to format your references using the Neuro-Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuro-Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Guan JL. Cell biology. Integrins, rafts, Rac, and Rho. Science. 2004;303(5659):773-774.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Stoeckle MY, Coffran C. TreeParser-aided Klee diagrams display taxonomic clusters in DNA barcode and nuclear gene datasets. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2635.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Koskinen TT, Aylward AD, Miller S. A stability limit for the atmospheres of giant extrasolar planets. Nature. 2007;450(7171):845-848.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Gill SR, Pop M, Deboy RT, et al. Metagenomic analysis of the human distal gut microbiome. Science. 2006;312(5778):1355-1359.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Acharya VV, Cooley TF, Richardson M, Walter I. Regulating Wall Street. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1.
König H, Unden G, Fröhlich J, eds. Biology of Microorganisms on Grapes, in Must and in Wine. Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Rossi ME, Deutsch CV. Data Collection and Handling. In: Deutsch CV, ed. Mineral Resource Estimation. Springer Netherlands; 2014:67-96.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuro-Oncology.

Blog post
1.
Taub B. Monkeys Can Now Type The Works Of Shakespeare Using Just Their Brains. IFLScience. Published September 13, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/technology/monkeys-can-now-type-works-shakespeare-using-just-brains/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. School Technology: Five School Districts’ Experiences in Funding Technology Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Limpert SM. A Qualitative Study of Learning Spaces at a Midwest Elementary School and Its Relationship to Student Attitudes about Reading. Doctoral dissertation. Lindenwood University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Shpigel B. N.H.L. Says Its Players Will Skip 2018 Olympics. New York Times. April 3, 2017:B7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuro-Oncology
AbbreviationNeuro. Oncol.
ISSN (print)1522-8517
ISSN (online)1523-5866
ScopeCancer Research
Clinical Neurology
Oncology

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