How to format your references using the The Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Logothetis, N.K., 2008. What we can do and what we cannot do with fMRI. Nature 453, 869–878.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fine, M., Tchernov, D., 2007. Scleractinian coral species survive and recover from decalcification. Science 315, 1811.
A journal article with 3 authors
Beddington, J.R., Agnew, D.J., Clark, C.W., 2007. Current problems in the management of marine fisheries. Science 316, 1713–1716.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hobson, J.P., Rosenfeldt, H.M., Barak, L.S., Olivera, A., Poulton, S., Caron, M.G., Milstien, S., Spiegel, S., 2001. Role of the sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor EDG-1 in PDGF-induced cell motility. Science 291, 1800–1803.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vaseghi, S.V., 2006. Advanced Digital Signal Processing and Noise Reduction. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Waniek-Klimczak, E., Shockey, L.R. (Eds.), 2013. Teaching and Researching English Accents in Native and Non-native Speakers, Second Language Learning and Teaching. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Gorzałczany, M.B., Rudziński, F., 2008. WWW-Newsgroup-Document Clustering by Means of Dynamic Self-organizing Neural Networks, in: Rutkowski, L., Tadeusiewicz, R., Zadeh, L.A., Zurada, J.M. (Eds.), Artificial Intelligence and Soft Computing – ICAISC 2008: 9th International Conference Zakopane, Poland, June 22-26, 2008 Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 40–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Research.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2017. Google’s AI Is Now Creating Its Own AI [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2012. Ownership by Minority, Female, and Disadvantaged Firms in the Pipeline Industry (No. GAO-12-896R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Eller, L.S., 2012. Social media as avenue for personal learning for educators: Personal learning networks encourage application of knowledge and skills (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lehman, S., 2016. The Big Try-On. New York Times F4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Logothetis, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Fine and Tchernov, 2007; Logothetis, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fine and Tchernov, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Hobson et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Research
AbbreviationEgypt. J. Aquat. Res.
ISSN (print)1687-4285
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Water Science and Technology

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