How to format your references using the The Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cuntz, M., 2011. Carbon cycle: a dent in carbon’s gold standard. Nature 477, 547–548.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fetler, L., Amigorena, S., 2005. Neuroscience. Brain under surveillance: the microglia patrol. Science 309, 392–393.
A journal article with 3 authors
Young, W.R., Roberts, A.J., Stuhne, G., 2001. Reproductive pair correlations and the clustering of organisms. Nature 412, 328–331.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Greaves, J.S., Holland, W.S., Jenness, T., Hawarden, T.G., 2000. Magnetic field surrounding the starburst nucleus of the galaxy M82 from polarized dust emission. Nature 404, 732–733.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
da Silva, L.S., Simões, R., Gervásio, H., 2014. Design of Steel Structures. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, D-69451 Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Barbosa-Cánovas, G.V., 2005. Food Powders: Physical Properties, Processing, and Functionality, Food Engineering Series. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Adderley, R., Badii, A., Wu, C., 2008. The Automatic Identification and Prioritisation of Criminal Networks from Police Crime Data, in: Ortiz-Arroyo, D., Larsen, H.L., Zeng, D.D., Hicks, D., Wagner, G. (Eds.), Intelligence and Security Informatics: First European Conference, EuroISI 2008, Esbjerg, Denmark, December 3-5, 2008. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 5–14.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2016. Gorillas In Zoos – The Unpalatable Truth [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1994. Airport Competition: Essential Air Service Slots at O’Hare International Airport (No. RCED-94-118FS). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Huynhle, M., 2017. High-Fat Diet-Induced Obesity Increases Resilience against Gram-Negative Bacterial Infection in Drosophila Larvae (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Poniewozik, J., 2017. Spokesman Spins for Audience of One. New York Times A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cuntz, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Cuntz, 2011; Fetler and Amigorena, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fetler and Amigorena, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Greaves et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Research
AbbreviationEgypt. J. Aquat. Res.
ISSN (print)1687-4285
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Water Science and Technology

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