How to format your references using the The Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schölkopf, B., 2015. Artificial intelligence: Learning to see and act. Nature 518, 486–487.
A journal article with 2 authors
Reznick, D.N., Ricklefs, R.E., 2009. Darwin’s bridge between microevolution and macroevolution. Nature 457, 837–842.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, L., Baade, D., Patat, F., 2007. Spectropolarimetric diagnostics of thermonuclear supernova explosions. Science 315, 212–214.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Huang, C.-T., Oyang, Y.-J., Huang, H.-C., Juan, H.-F., 2014. MicroRNA-mediated networks underlie immune response regulation in papillary thyroid carcinoma. Sci. Rep. 4, 6495.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Suárez, A., 2008. Analysis and Design of Autonomous Microwave Circuits. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Vetulani, Z., Uszkoreit, H. (Eds.), 2009. Human Language Technology. Challenges of the Information Society: Third Language and Technology Conference, LTC 2007, Poznan, Poland, October 5-7, 2007, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Curry, G.L., Feldman, R.M., 2009. Multiple-Stage Single-Product Factory Models, in: Feldman, R.M. (Ed.), Manufacturing Systems Modeling and Analysis. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 125–157.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2013. More evidence for the possibility of ancient life on Mars [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2013. Communications Networks: Outcome-Based Measures Would Assist DHS in Assessing Effectiveness of Cybersecurity Efforts (No. GAO-13-275). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Carter, C.A., 2008. The Panhellenic Project: Assessing learning engagement using Web 2.0 technologies (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Clarey, C., 2016. Wawrinka Solves Familiar Riddle. New York Times D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schölkopf, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Reznick and Ricklefs, 2009; Schölkopf, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Reznick and Ricklefs, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Huang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Research
AbbreviationEgypt. J. Aquat. Res.
ISSN (print)1687-4285
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Water Science and Technology

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