How to format your references using the Global Crime citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Global Crime. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cravens, T. E. “X-Ray Emission from Comets.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 296, no. 5570 (May 10, 2002): 1042–45.
A journal article with 2 authors
Embley, T. Martin, and William Martin. “Eukaryotic Evolution, Changes and Challenges.” Nature 440, no. 7084 (March 30, 2006): 623–30.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pan, Xiaopei, M. Shao, and S. R. Kulkarni. “A Distance of 133-137 Parsecs to the Pleiades Star Cluster.” Nature 427, no. 6972 (January 22, 2004): 326–28.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Gordon, Jennifer R., Mark H. Goodman, Michael F. Potter, and Kenneth F. Haynes. “Population Variation in and Selection for Resistance to Pyrethroid-Neonicotinoid Insecticides in the Bed Bug.” Scientific Reports 4 (January 23, 2014): 3836.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McMaster, Marvin C. Buying and Selling Laboratory Instruments. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2010.
An edited book
Heyden, Anders, Fredrik Kahl, Carl Olsson, Magnus Oskarsson, and Xue-Cheng Tai, eds. Energy Minimization Methods in Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition: 9th International Conference, EMMCVPR 2013, Lund, Sweden, August 19-21, 2013. Proceedings. Vol. 8081. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Strank, Willem. “The Legacy of IMuse: Interactive Video Game Music in the 1990s.” In Music and Game: Perspectives on a Popular Alliance, edited by Peter Moormann, 81–91. Wiesbaden: Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden, 2013.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Global Crime.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. “Scientists Work Out How To Make Chocolate Healthier And More Flavorful.” IFLScience. IFLScience, March 30, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Maritime Administration’s Federal Ship Financing Program.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, October 15, 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Belic, Bojan. “Complement Verb Variation in Present-Day Serbian.” Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University, 2005.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, David. “BASEBALL BOOKS IN BRIEF.” New York Times, May 25, 2003.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleGlobal Crime
ISSN (print)1744-0572
ISSN (online)1744-0580
Sociology and Political Science
Political Science and International Relations

Other styles