How to format your references using the Global Crime citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Global Crime. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stocum, David L. “Development. A Tail of Transdifferentiation.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 298, no. 5600 (December 6, 2002): 1901–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dandekar, Preshit, and Michael F. Doherty. “Materials Science. Imaging Crystallization.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 344, no. 6185 (May 16, 2014): 705–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stager, J. C., J. J. Day, and S. Santini. “Comment on ‘Origin of the Superflock of Cichlid Fishes from Lake Victoria, East Africa.’” Science (New York, N.Y.) 304, no. 5673 (May 14, 2004): 963; author reply 963.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Rosenfeld, Daniel, Ulrike Lohmann, Graciela B. Raga, Colin D. O’Dowd, Markku Kulmala, Sandro Fuzzi, Anni Reissell, and Meinrat O. Andreae. “Flood or Drought: How Do Aerosols Affect Precipitation?” Science (New York, N.Y.) 321, no. 5894 (September 5, 2008): 1309–13.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mather, Paul M., and Magaly Koch. Computer Processing of Remotely-Sensed Images. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2011.
An edited book
Cranefield, Stephen, and Insu Song, eds. Agent Based Simulation for a Sustainable Society and Multi-Agent Smart Computing: International Workshops, PRIMA 2011, Wollongong, Australia, November 14, 2011 Revised Selected Papers. Vol. 7580. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Pedraza, Javier de, Rosa M. Carrasco, and David Domínguez-Villar. “Geomorphology of La Pedriza Granitic Massif, Guadarrama Range.” In Landscapes and Landforms of Spain, edited by Francisco Gutiérrez and Mateo Gutiérrez, 71–80. World Geomorphological Landscapes. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2014.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Global Crime.

Blog post
Hamilton, Kristy. “Here’s Why It Feels Like You Have No Free Time, In One Chart.” IFLScience. IFLScience, May 18, 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Federal Motor Vehicles: Private and State Practices Can Improve Fleet Management.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, December 29, 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Evans, Angelette M. “Long-Term Sustainability of Surgical Operational Improvements Post Consultancy: A Multiple Case Study Analysis.” Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, Linda. “Oyster Bay Villages Create 2 Emergency Centers.” New York Times, February 25, 2007.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleGlobal Crime
ISSN (print)1744-0572
ISSN (online)1744-0580
Sociology and Political Science
Political Science and International Relations

Other styles