How to format your references using the Global Crime citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Global Crime. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jiang, Jessie. “Patents: Protecting China’s National Treasure.” Nature 480, no. 7378 (December 21, 2011): S93.
A journal article with 2 authors
Silvente-Poirot, Sandrine, and Marc Poirot. “Cancer. Cholesterol and Cancer, in the Balance.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 343, no. 6178 (March 28, 2014): 1445–46.
A journal article with 3 authors
Saalmann, Yuri B., Ivan N. Pigarev, and Trichur R. Vidyasagar. “Neural Mechanisms of Visual Attention: How Top-down Feedback Highlights Relevant Locations.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 316, no. 5831 (June 15, 2007): 1612–15.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Chen, S. F., C. W. Du, P. Yang, H. W. Zhang, M. Kwan, and G. J. Zhang. “The Molecular and Clinicopathologic Characteristics of Bilateral Breast Cancer.” Scientific Reports 3 (2013): 2590.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tyson, Herb. Microsoft® Word 2010 Bible. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2010.
An edited book
Qian, Zhihong, Lei Cao, Weilian Su, Tingkai Wang, and Huamin Yang, eds. Recent Advances in Computer Science and Information Engineering: Volume 4. Vol. 127. Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Kocsis, Levente, Csaba Szepesvári, and Mark H. M. Winands. “RSPSA: Enhanced Parameter Optimization in Games.” In Advances in Computer Games: 11th International Conference, ACG 2005, Taipei, Taiwan, September 6-9, 2005. Revised Papers, edited by H. Jaap van Den Herik, Shun-Chin Hsu, Tsan-Sheng Hsu, and H. H. L. M. (jeroen) Donkers, 39–56. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2006.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Global Crime.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. “Why Killing Lions Like Cecil May Actually Be Good For Conservation.” IFLScience. IFLScience, August 3, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Aviation Infrastructure: Feasibility of Using Alternate Means to Satisfy Requirements of Alaska National Airspace System Interfacility Communications System (ANICS) Phase II.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, September 6, 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hernandez, Andrea. “Impact of the Child and Family Services Improvement Act of 2006 on Monthly Caseworker Visits to Children in Los Angeles County on California’s Foster Care System.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY, James C., Jr. “City Will Pay $4 Million in N.B.A. Player’s Arrest.” New York Times, April 6, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleGlobal Crime
ISSN (print)1744-0572
ISSN (online)1744-0580
Sociology and Political Science
Political Science and International Relations

Other styles