How to format your references using the Global Crime citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Global Crime. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Turner, Woody. “Conservation. Sensing Biodiversity.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 346, no. 6207 (October 17, 2014): 301–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dynek, Jasmin N., and Susan Smith. “Resolution of Sister Telomere Association Is Required for Progression through Mitosis.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 304, no. 5667 (April 2, 2004): 97–100.
A journal article with 3 authors
Parker, Heidi G., Leonid Kruglyak, and Elaine A. Ostrander. “Molecular Genetics: DNA Analysis of a Putative Dog Clone.” Nature 440, no. 7081 (March 9, 2006): E1-2.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Wheeler, Michael J., Barend H. J. de Graaf, Natalie Hadjiosif, Ruth M. Perry, Natalie S. Poulter, Kim Osman, Sabina Vatovec, Andrea Harper, F. Christopher H. Franklin, and Vernonica E. Franklin-Tong. “Identification of the Pollen Self-Incompatibility Determinant in Papaver Rhoeas.” Nature 459, no. 7249 (June 18, 2009): 992–95.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cox, Ian, Marie A. Gaudard, and Mia L. Stephens. Visual Six Sigma, Second Edition. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2016.
An edited book
Fleishman, Gregory D. Cosmic Electrodynamics: Electrodynamics and Magnetic Hydrodynamics of Cosmic Plasmas. Edited by Igor N. Toptygin. Vol. 388. Astrophysics and Space Science Library. New York, NY: Springer, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Buchmann, Johannes, and Ulrich Vollmer. “Forms, Bases, Points, and Lattices.” In Binary Quadratic Forms: An Algorithmic Approach, edited by Ulrich Vollmer, 57–84. Algorithms and Computation in Mathematics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2007.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Global Crime.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. “This Gene Gave Mosquitoes The Taste For Human Blood.” IFLScience. IFLScience, November 13, 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Satellite Control Systems: Opportunity for DOD to Implement Space Policy and Integrate Capabilities.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, May 17, 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fouts, John. “A Mental Health Outreach Program for Adolescent Gang Members and At-Risk Youth: A Grant Writing Project.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Loomis, George. “Making Music With a Moral.” New York Times, November 13, 2012.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleGlobal Crime
ISSN (print)1744-0572
ISSN (online)1744-0580
Sociology and Political Science
Political Science and International Relations

Other styles