How to format your references using the Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources (APJHR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hemker KJ (2004) Materials science. Understanding how nanocrystalline metals deform. Science (New York, N.Y.) 304(5668), 221–223.
A journal article with 2 authors
Helffrich G and S Kaneshima (2004) Seismological constraints on core composition from Fe-O-S liquid immiscibility. Science (New York, N.Y.) 306(5705), 2239–2242.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pan ZW, ZR Dai, and ZL Wang (2001) Nanobelts of semiconducting oxides. Science (New York, N.Y.) 291(5510), 1947–1949.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Kurpiers P, P Magnard, T Walter, B Royer, M Pechal, J Heinsoo, Y Salathé, A Akin, S Storz, J-C Besse, et al. (2018) Deterministic quantum state transfer and remote entanglement using microwave photons. Nature 558(7709), 264–267.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lemberger P and M Morel (2012) Managing Complexity of Information Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA.
An edited book
Grupe G and GC McGlynn (Eds.) (2016) Isotopic Landscapes in Bioarchaeology 1st ed. 2016. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Sano Y and LN Richards (2011) Physical Health, Food Security, and Economic Well-Being: The Rural Perspective. In Rural Families and Work: Context and Problems, eds. JW Bauer and EM Dolan, 77–98. Springer, New York, NY.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2016, April 29) James Webb Space Telescope’s Golden Mirror Unveiled For The First Time. (accessed October 30, 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2009) Information Technology: Challenges Remain for VA’s Sharing of Electronic Health Records with DOD (No. GAO-09-427T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zivkovic O (2010) Ternary nanomaterials: Synthesis by alkalide reduction and characterization (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J (2016, October 5) Syndergaard, Last Man Standing, Is Natural Choice for Survival Game. New York Times, p. B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hemker 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Helffrich and Kaneshima 2004; Hemker 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Helffrich and Kaneshima 2004)
  • Three authors: (Pan, Dai, and Wang 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Kurpiers et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsia Pacific Journal of Human Resources
ISSN (print)1038-4111
ISSN (online)1744-7941

Other styles