How to format your references using the Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources (APJHR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Anderson DA (2014) A detour for love. Science (New York, N.Y.) 346(6205), 134.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nakar E and T Piran (2011) Detectable radio flares following gravitational waves from mergers of binary neutron stars. Nature 478(7367), 82–84.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wu D-A, R Kanai, and S Shimojo (2004) Vision: steady-state misbinding of colour and motion. Nature 429(6989), 262.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Panigrahi P, S Parida, NC Nanda, R Satpathy, L Pradhan, DS Chandel, L Baccaglini, A Mohapatra, SS Mohapatra, PR Misra, et al. (2018) Corrigendum: A randomized synbiotic trial to prevent sepsis among infants in rural India. Nature 553(7687), 238.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Taylor R (2006) Handbook of Retinal Screening in Diabetes. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Jatoi I (2006) Atlas of Breast Surgery. (M. Kaufmann and J. Y. Petit, Eds.). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Soleimany H, C Blondeau, X Yu, W Wu, K Nyberg, H Zhang, L Zhang, and Y Wang (2014) Reflection Cryptanalysis of PRINCE-Like Ciphers. In Fast Software Encryption: 20th International Workshop, FSE 2013, Singapore, March 11-13, 2013. Revised Selected Papers, ed. S Moriai, 71–91. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources.

Blog post
Luntz S (2014, October 27) Ancient Land Predator Hunted Sharks. (accessed October 30, 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1979) A Single Federal Authority Is Needed for Establishing or Constructing Rehabilitation Facilities (No. HRD-79-84). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Denz TA (2012) Performance Evaluation of a Magnetically Enhanced Micro-Cathode Vacuum Arc Thruster (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Borden S (2015, April 9) Cypriot Soccer: Bombed Cars 6, the Referees 0. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jackson 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Rowan 2004; ’t Hooft 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nakar and Piran 2011)
  • Three authors: (Wu, Kanai, and Shimojo 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Audet et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsia Pacific Journal of Human Resources
ISSN (print)1038-4111
ISSN (online)1744-7941

Other styles