How to format your references using the Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources (APJHR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Paulus MP (2007) Decision-making dysfunctions in psychiatry--altered homeostatic processing? Science (New York, N.Y.) 318(5850), 602–606.
A journal article with 2 authors
Johnson KA and NW Ashcroft (2000) Structure and bandgap closure in dense hydrogen. Nature 403(6770), 632–635.
A journal article with 3 authors
Spranger S, R Bao, and TF Gajewski (2015) Melanoma-intrinsic β-catenin signalling prevents anti-tumour immunity. Nature 523(7559), 231–235.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Lim P-E, J Tan, P Eamsobhana, and HS Yong (2013) Distinct genetic clades of Malaysian Copera damselflies and the phylogeny of platycnemine subfamilies. Scientific Reports 3, 2977.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zneimer SM (2014) Cytogenetic Abnormalities. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken.
An edited book
de la Fuente MS (2014) Origin, Evolution and Biogeographic History of South American Turtles. (J. Sterli and I. Maniel, Eds.). Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Naredo E, E Dunn, and L Trujillo (2013) Disparity Map Estimation by Combining Cost Volume Measures Using Genetic Programming. In EVOLVE - A Bridge between Probability, Set Oriented Numerics, and Evolutionary Computation II, eds. O Schütze, CA Coello Coello, A-A Tantar, E Tantar, P Bouvry, P Del Moral, and P Legrand, 71–86. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources.

Blog post
Fang J (2015, June 18) Sneaky Bachelors Could Help Save Endangered Hihi Birds. (accessed October 30, 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2001) Telecommunications: Characteristics and Choices of Internet Users (No. GAO-01-345). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Howard R (2015) Aging well adult day care center (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich JR (2016, September 19) Fond Paean Kicks Off a High-Profile Run. New York Times, p. C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Paulus 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Johnson and Ashcroft 2000; Paulus 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Johnson and Ashcroft 2000)
  • Three authors: (Spranger, Bao, and Gajewski 2015)
  • 6 or more authors: (Lim, Tan, Eamsobhana, and Yong 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsia Pacific Journal of Human Resources
ISSN (print)1038-4111
ISSN (online)1744-7941

Other styles