How to format your references using the Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources (APJHR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pierrehumbert RT (2002) The hydrologic cycle in deep-time climate problems. Nature 419(6903), 191–198.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang W and D Yuan (2014) Mesoporous carbon originated from non-permanent porous MOFs for gas storage and CO2/CH4 separation. Scientific Reports 4, 5711.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hansel DE, BA Eipper, and GV Ronnett (2001) Neuropeptide Y functions as a neuroproliferative factor. Nature 410(6831), 940–944.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Ng HT, J Li, MK Smith, P Nguyen, A Cassell, J Han, and M Meyyappan (2003) Growth of epitaxial nanowires at the junctions of nanowalls. Science (New York, N.Y.) 300(5623), 1249.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fiorenzani S, S Ravelli, and E Edoli (2012) The Handbook of Energy Trading. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Chichester, West Sussex, UK.
An edited book
Blazy S and T Jensen (Eds.) (2015) Static Analysis: 22nd International Symposium, SAS 2015, Saint-Malo, France, September 9-11, 2015, Proceedings 1st ed. 2015, Vol. 9291. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Baquero Cruz J (2011) The Case Law of the European Court of Justice on the Mobility of Patients: An Assessment. In Health Care and EU Law, eds. JW van de Gronden, E Szyszczak, U Neergaard, and M Krajewski, 79–102. T. M. C. Asser Press, The Hague, The Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources.

Blog post
Andrew D (2016, October 2) The Big Picture Of The Universe Reveals The Family Tree Of Galaxies. (accessed October 30, 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990) Defaulted Student Loans: Analysis of Defaulted Borrowers at Schools Accredited by Seven Agencies (No. HRD-90-178FS). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Denny HM (2012) Impact of Occupational Health Interventions in Indonesia (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S (2005, February 5) Russian Legislators Vote to Condemn Anti-Semitism. New York Times, p. A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pierrehumbert 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Pierrehumbert 2002; Wang and Yuan 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wang and Yuan 2014)
  • Three authors: (Hansel, Eipper, and Ronnett 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Ng et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsia Pacific Journal of Human Resources
ISSN (print)1038-4111
ISSN (online)1744-7941

Other styles