How to format your references using the Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources (APJHR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Morgenstern M (2010) Physics. STM ready for the time domain. Science (New York, N.Y.) 329(5999), 1609–1610.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wyithe JSB and A Loeb (2004) A large neutral fraction of cosmic hydrogen a billion years after the Big Bang. Nature 427(6977), 815–817.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gong S-S, W Zhu, and DN Sheng (2014) Emergent chiral spin liquid: fractional quantum Hall effect in a kagome Heisenberg model. Scientific Reports 4, 6317.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Jaramillo R, Y Feng, JC Lang, Z Islam, G Srajer, PB Littlewood, DB McWhan, and TF Rosenbaum (2009) Breakdown of the Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer ground state at a quantum phase transition. Nature 459(7245), 405–409.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bilisoly R (2008) Practical Text Mining with Perl. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Cetto JA, J Filipe, and J-L Ferrier (Eds.) (2011) Informatics in Control Automation and Robotics: Revised and Selected Papers from the International Conference on Informatics in Control Automation and Robotics 2009 Vol. 85. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Hofmann E, P Beck, and E Füger (2013) CM2: Manufacturing Strategy and Supply Chain Management. In The Supply Chain Differentiation Guide: A Roadmap to Operational Excellence, eds. P Beck and E Füger, 81–105. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources.

Blog post
Andrew D (2017, March 7) How New Hepatitis C Drugs Could Tackle Liver Cancer, Too. (accessed October 30, 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2000) Aviation Security: Slow Progress in Addressing Long-Standing Screener Performance Problems (No. T-RCED-00-125). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cox V (2015) A Quantitative Analysis of the Yield Curve: Forecasting the Length and End of a Recession (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yablonsky L (2010, September 26) Motorcycle Derby. New York Times, p. ST3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Morgenstern 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Morgenstern 2010; Wyithe and Loeb 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wyithe and Loeb 2004)
  • Three authors: (Gong, Zhu, and Sheng 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Jaramillo et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsia Pacific Journal of Human Resources
ISSN (print)1038-4111
ISSN (online)1744-7941

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