How to format your references using the Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources (APJHR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Frazzetto G (2012) Neuroscience: Powerful acts. Nature 482(7386), 466–467.
A journal article with 2 authors
McAdams HH and L Shapiro (2003) A bacterial cell-cycle regulatory network operating in time and space. Science (New York, N.Y.) 301(5641), 1874–1877.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sánchez I, C Mahlke, and J Yuan (2003) Pivotal role of oligomerization in expanded polyglutamine neurodegenerative disorders. Nature 421(6921), 373–379.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Kodambaka S, SV Khare, W Swiech, K Ohmori, I Petrov, and JE Greene (2004) Dislocation-driven surface dynamics on solids. Nature 429(6987), 49–52.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Raynaud H and KJ Arrow (2011) Managerial Logic. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Czachórski T, S Kozielski, and U Stańczyk (Eds.) (2011) Man-Machine Interactions 2 Vol. 103. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Husain I, C Langdon, and J Schwark (2014) Three Dimensional Pulsatile Non-Newtonian Flow in a Stenotic Vessel. In Computational Problems in Engineering, eds. N Mastorakis and V Mladenov, 55–64. Springer International Publishing, Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources.

Blog post
Davis J (2015, June 4) Most Dinosaurs Were Probably Scaly, Not Feathered. (accessed October 30, 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004) Mass Transit: FTA Needs to Better Define and Assess Impact of Certain Policies on New Starts Program (No. GAO-04-748). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sharp LM (2009) Creative nonfiction illuminated: Cross-disciplinary spotlights (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B (2017, September 7) Film Series. New York Times, p. C22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Frazzetto 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Frazzetto 2012; McAdams and Shapiro 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (McAdams and Shapiro 2003)
  • Three authors: (Sánchez, Mahlke, and Yuan 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Kodambaka et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsia Pacific Journal of Human Resources
ISSN (print)1038-4111
ISSN (online)1744-7941

Other styles