How to format your references using the Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources (APJHR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Aguzzi A (2005) Cell biology. Prion toxicity: all sail and no anchor. Science (New York, N.Y.) 308(5727), 1420–1421.
A journal article with 2 authors
Loh KM and B Lim (2015) Stem cells: Equilibrium established. Nature 521(7552), 299–300.
A journal article with 3 authors
Weber W, S Riesen, and HC Siegmann (2001) Magnetization precession by hot spin injection. Science (New York, N.Y.) 291(5506), 1015–1018.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Yin S, X Zhu, R Li, Y Niu, B Wang, Z Zheng, X Huang, L Huo, and J Li (2014) Intervention-induced enhancement in intrinsic brain activity in healthy older adults. Scientific Reports 4, 7309.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lee JC and NJ McCormick (2011) Risk and Safety Analysis of Nuclear Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Prasad R (Ed.) (2010) My personal Adaptive Global NET (MAGNET). Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Comstock RD, KS Dahab, and DA James (2016) Epidemiology of Injury in High School Sports. In Injury in Pediatric and Adolescent Sports: Epidemiology, Treatment and Prevention, eds. D Caine and L Purcell, 51–67. Springer International Publishing, Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources.

Blog post
Andrew D (2016, August 19) A Pregnant Woman’s Immune Response Could Lead To Brain Disorders In Her Kids. (accessed October 30, 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005) National Airspace System: Experts’ Views on Improving the U.S. Air Traffic Control Modernization Program (No. GAO-05-333SP). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bailoor S (2016) Implicit-Explicit Time stepping for a Two-Dimensional Inviscid Fluid-Structure Interaction Solver (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kercher S (2016, March 10) From Pinup to Muse. New York Times, p. D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Aguzzi 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Aguzzi 2005; Loh and Lim 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Loh and Lim 2015)
  • Three authors: (Weber, Riesen, and Siegmann 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Yin et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsia Pacific Journal of Human Resources
ISSN (print)1038-4111
ISSN (online)1744-7941

Other styles