How to format your references using the Journal of Materials NanoScience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Materials NanoScience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
K. O’Hara. Canada must free scientists to talk to journalists. Nature 2010, 467 (7315), 501.
A journal article with 2 authors
G.A. Cranch, S. Foster. Comment on “Probing the ultimate limit of fiber-optic strain sensing.” Science 2012, 335 (6066), 286; author reply 286.
A journal article with 3 authors
T. Coulson, J. Lindström, P. Cotgreave. Ecology. Seeking new recruits. Science 2002, 295 (5562), 2023–2024.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
P.I. Moreno, G.L. Jacobson Jr, T.V. Lowell, G.H. Denton. Interhemispheric climate links revealed by late-glacial cooling episode in southern Chile. Nature 2001, 409 (6822), 804–808.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
P. Wood. Western Art and the Wider World; Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, 2013.
An edited book
Pediatric Chest Imaging: Chest Imaging in Infants and Children, 2nd Revised Edition.; Lucaya, J., Strife, J. L., Eds.; Medical Radiology, Diagnostic Imaging; Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
B. Fuller, A. Hamlin. Unifying Leakage Classes: Simulatable Leakage and Pseudoentropy. In Information Theoretic Security: 8th International Conference, ICITS 2015, Lugano, Switzerland, May 2-5, 2015. Proceedings; Lehmann, A., Wolf, S., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015; pp 69–86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Materials NanoScience.

Blog post
E. Andrew. A 3.5-Billion Year Old Pilbara Find Is Not The Oldest Fossil: So What Is It? (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. National Aeronautics and Space Administration: Leadership and Systems Needed to Effect Financial Management Improvements; GAO-02-551T; U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S.R. Poudel. Models and Algorithms to Solve a Reliable and Congested Biomass Supply Chain Network Designing Problem under Uncertainty. Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Sisario, J. Coscarelli. Fyre Festival Organizers Face Wrath of Attendees. New York Times. May 2, 2017, p B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Materials NanoScience
ISSN (print)2394-0867

Other styles