How to format your references using the Journal of Materials NanoScience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Materials NanoScience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
H.F. Judson. Talking about the genome. Nature 2001, 409 (6822), 769.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. Trautmann, E. Vivier. Immunology. Agrin--a bridge between the nervous and immune systems. Science 2001, 292 (5522), 1667–1668.
A journal article with 3 authors
E. Scherer, C. Munker, K. Mezger. Calibration of the lutetium-hafnium clock. Science 2001, 293 (5530), 683–687.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
H.-J. Li, J.-Z. Sun, Q.-L. Zhang, et al. Neuroanatomical differences between men and women in help-seeking coping strategy. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 5700.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
K.S. Cyr. Microsoft® Exchange Server 2010 Administration; Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, IN, USA, 2010.
An edited book
Atlas of Pediatric Brain Tumors; Adesina, A. M., Tihan, T., Fuller, C. E., Poussaint, T. Y., Eds.; Springer, New York, NY, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
P. Bürgisser, F. Cucker. Probabilistic Analysis of Rectangular Matrices. In Condition: The Geometry of Numerical Algorithms; Cucker, F., Ed.; Grundlehren der mathematischen Wissenschaften; Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013; pp 77–100.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Materials NanoScience.

Blog post
A. Carpineti. Peer-Reviewed Paper On EmDrive To Be Published In December (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. OPM Retirement Modernization: Progress Has Been Hindered by Longstanding Information Technology Management Weaknesses; GAO-12-430T; U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C.M. Kaplan. Understanding the Anxiolytic Effects of Alcohol on the Central Extended Amygdala in Humans. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. Chira. What Women Lost. New York Times. December 30, 2016, p SR1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Materials NanoScience
ISSN (print)2394-0867

Other styles