How to format your references using the Journal of Materials NanoScience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Materials NanoScience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. Pielke Jr. Who has the ear of the president? Nature 2007, 450 (7168), 347–348.
A journal article with 2 authors
I.B. Rodriguez, T.-Y. Ho. Diel nitrogen fixation pattern of Trichodesmium: the interactive control of light and Ni. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 4445.
A journal article with 3 authors
M.J. Moses, J.C. Fettinger, B.W. Eichhorn. Interpenetrating As20 fullerene and Ni12 icosahedra in the onion-skin [As@Ni12@As20]3- ion. Science 2003, 300 (5620), 778–780.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
C.-W. Chen, S. Rondenay, R.L. Evans, D.B. Snyder. Geophysical detection of relict metasomatism from an Archean (approximately 3.5 Ga) subduction zone. Science 2009, 326 (5956), 1089–1091.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Mastro. Financial Derivative and Energy Market Valuation; John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2013.
An edited book
Geo-Informatics in Resource Management and Sustainable Ecosystem: International Symposium, GRMSE 2013, Wuhan, China, November 8-10, 2013, Proceedings, Part I; Bian, F., Xie, Y., Cui, X., Zeng, Y., Eds.; Communications in Computer and Information Science; Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013; Vol. 398.
A chapter in an edited book
G.E. Tsekouras, D.M. Tsolakis. Fuzzy Clustering-Based Vector Quantization for Image Compression. In Computational Intelligence in Image Processing; Chatterjee, A., Siarry, P., Eds.; Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013; pp 93–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Materials NanoScience.

Blog post
S. Luntz. Skyscraper-Sized Sculptures Carved Beneath Greenland’s Ice Sheet (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Review of the Transportation Security Administration’s Air Cargo Screening Exemptions Report; GAO-08-1055R; U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A.C. Robinson. A Geophysical and Geological Characterization of the Bonanza 3D Survey, Claiborne Group, Saint Landry and Evangeline Parishes, Louisiana. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S.K. (nyt). World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Dalai Lama Arrives. New York Times. November 30, 2004, p A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Materials NanoScience
ISSN (print)2394-0867

Other styles