How to format your references using the Journal of Materials NanoScience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Materials NanoScience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. Koretz. Education. Moving past No Child Left Behind. Science 2009, 326 (5954), 803–804.
A journal article with 2 authors
J.T. Leek, R.D. Peng. Statistics: P values are just the tip of the iceberg. Nature 2015, 520 (7549), 612.
A journal article with 3 authors
Z. Zhu, D.J. Gauthier, R.W. Boyd. Stored light in an optical fiber via stimulated Brillouin scattering. Science 2007, 318 (5857), 1748–1750.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
H. Wu, S.W. Chiang, W. Lin, et al. Towards practical application of paper based printed circuits: capillarity effectively enhances conductivity of the thermoplastic electrically conductive adhesives. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 6275.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D. Estampe. Supply Chain Performance and Evaluation Models; John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2014.
An edited book
Proceedings of Second International Conference on Electrical Systems, Technology and Information 2015 (ICESTI 2015), 1st ed. 2016.; Pasila, F., Tanoto, Y., Lim, R., Santoso, M., Pah, N. D., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering; Springer, Singapore, 2016; Vol. 365.
A chapter in an edited book
D.E. Cullen. Nuclear Data Preparation. In Handbook of Nuclear Engineering; Cacuci, D. G., Ed.; Springer US, Boston, MA, 2010; pp 279–425.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Materials NanoScience.

Blog post
E. Andrew. New process converts algae to crude oil in less than an hour (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Space Shuttle: Further Improvements Needed in NASA’s Modernization Efforts; GAO-04-203; U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K.E. Long. Voluntary exiles: Short-term Western expatriates in three Chinese cities. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Leland. Acting on Broadway, Sleeping on His Couch. New York Times. February 24, 2017, p MB2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Materials NanoScience
ISSN (print)2394-0867

Other styles