How to format your references using the Journal of Materials NanoScience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Materials NanoScience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
C.D. Gregory. Cell biology: The disassembly of death. Nature 2014, 507 (7492), 312–313.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. Abbott, U. Gitschel. German scientists left in the cold as Berlin rejects rescue plan. Nature 2000, 406 (6797), 663–664.
A journal article with 3 authors
J.K. Thompson, M.R. Peterson, R.D. Freeman. Single-neuron activity and tissue oxygenation in the cerebral cortex. Science 2003, 299 (5609), 1070–1072.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
X. Zhang, L. Liao, S. Wang, et al. Polymerization or cyclic dimerization: solvent dependent homo-coupling of terminal alkynes at HOPG surface. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 3899.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
H.J.E. Rodda, M.A. Little. Understanding Mathematical and Statistical Techniques in Hydrology; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2015.
An edited book
C. Heij. Introduction to Mathematical Systems Theory: Linear Systems, Identification and Control; Ran, A., Schagen, F. van, Eds.; Birkhäuser, Basel, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
M. Bokalič, M. Topič. SPICE Model and Simulations. In Spatially Resolved Characterization in Thin-Film Photovoltaics; Topič, M., Ed.; SpringerBriefs in Electrical and Computer Engineering; Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015; pp 41–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Materials NanoScience.

Blog post
E. Andrew. Keep Fidgeting, It Might Cancel Out The Negative Effects Of Prolonged Sitting (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Resources, Community, and Economic Development Information Systems Issue Area: Active Assignments; AA-95-35(3); U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K.-S. Park. Transcriptional Regulation In The Respiratory Epithelium During Development And Repair. Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Vecsey. Valentine in Boston? That’s Entertainment. New York Times. December 1, 2011, p B17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,1.
This sentence cites four references 1,1,1,1.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Materials NanoScience
ISSN (print)2394-0867

Other styles