How to format your references using the Journal of Materials NanoScience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Materials NanoScience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. Goldston. Financial planning. Nature 2008, 454 (7205), 680.
A journal article with 2 authors
C.-C. Wu, C.-C. Chen. The symmetry detection mechanisms are color selective. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 3893.
A journal article with 3 authors
F. Usuki, M. Fujimura, A. Yamashita. Endoplasmic reticulum stress preconditioning attenuates methylmercury-induced cellular damage by inducing favorable stress responses. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 2346.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
M. Rickert, X. Wang, M.J. Boulanger, N. Goriatcheva, K.C. Garcia. The structure of interleukin-2 complexed with its alpha receptor. Science 2005, 308 (5727), 1477–1480.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
I. Eidhammer, H. Barsnes, G.E. Eide, L. Martens. Computational and Statistical Methods for Protein Quantification by Mass Spectrometry; John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, UK, 2013.
An edited book
D. Ramtal. The Essential Guide to Physics for Flash Games, Animation, and Simulations; Dobre, A., Ed.; Apress, Berkeley, CA, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
S. Doherty, J. Derrick. Linearizability and Causality. In Software Engineering and Formal Methods: 14th International Conference, SEFM 2016, Held as Part of STAF 2016, Vienna, Austria, July 4-8, 2016, Proceedings; De Nicola, R., Kühn, E., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016; pp 45–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Materials NanoScience.

Blog post
K. Evans. Amazing High-Speed Camera Footage Captures Lightning Strike At 7,000 FPS (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. [Questions Concerning the Implementation of the Student Loan Consolidation and Technical Amendments Act of 1983]; B-214351; U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1984.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
G.A. Morales. Effects of communication and control latency on air traffic controller acceptance of unmanned aircraft operations. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
C. Kelly. It’s Not Billions, But It Can Help Rescue an Artist. New York Times. June 3, 2012, p BU1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Materials NanoScience
ISSN (print)2394-0867

Other styles