How to format your references using the Fusion Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fusion Science and Technology (FST). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. DAINTON, “Palaeoanthropology: Did our ancestors knuckle-walk?,” Nature 410 6826, 324 (2001).
A journal article with 2 authors
J. NILSSON and D. N. PAYNE, “Physics. High-power fiber lasers,” Science 332 6032, 921 (2011).
A journal article with 3 authors
M. M. HANCZYC, S. M. FUJIKAWA, and J. W. SZOSTAK, “Experimental models of primitive cellular compartments: encapsulation, growth, and division,” Science 302 5645, 618 (2003).
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J.-S. SHIN et al., “Surface expression of MHC class II in dendritic cells is controlled by regulated ubiquitination,” Nature 444 7115, 115 (2006).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. SHAMSUDDIN, Physical Chemistry of Metallurgical Processes, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ (2016).
An edited book
P. T. P. WONG and L. C. J. WONG, Eds., Handbook of Multicultural Perspectives on Stress and Coping, Springer US, Boston, MA (2006).
A chapter in an edited book
V. KRISHNARAJ, R. ZITOUNE, and J. P. DAVIM, “Numerical Prediction of the Critical Thrust Force Causing Delamination at the Hole Exit,” in Drilling of Polymer-Matrix Composites, R. Zitoune and J. P. Davim, Eds., pp. 67–83, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2013).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fusion Science and Technology.

Blog post
E. ANDREW, “Male Black Widows Wreck Females’ Webs To Make Them Less Attractive,” IFLScience; 16 July 2015;; (current as of Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE, “Information Security: Coordination of Federal Cyber Security Research and Development,” GAO-06-811, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2006).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K. P. MIGUES, “A Qualitative Exploration of Retention of Experienced Teachers: Why Do They Stay?,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana (2017).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
E. ST. JOHN KELLY, “Children Find Locks, Not Slides,” in New York Times, p. 148 (1997).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleFusion Science and Technology
AbbreviationFusion Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)1536-1055
ISSN (online)1943-7641
ScopeNuclear Energy and Engineering
Civil and Structural Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
General Materials Science
Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Other styles