How to format your references using the Fusion Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fusion Science and Technology (FST). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. MUNDY, “Recruiters and academia. Lessons learned from a denied grant. Zen and the art of grant application,” Nature 435 7040, 382 (2005).
A journal article with 2 authors
S. SPANÒ and J. E. GALÁN, “A Rab32-dependent pathway contributes to Salmonella typhi host restriction,” Science 338 6109, 960 (2012).
A journal article with 3 authors
S. W. KEENAN, A. S. ENGEL, and R. M. ELSEY, “The alligator gut microbiome and implications for archosaur symbioses,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2877 (2013).
A journal article with 4 or more authors
W. AKEMANN et al., “Two-photon voltage imaging using a genetically encoded voltage indicator,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2231 (2013).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
H. BISSWANGER, Enzymkinetik, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG (2005).
An edited book
A. FUSIELLO, V. MURINO, and R. CUCCHIARA, Eds., Computer Vision – ECCV 2012. Workshops and Demonstrations: Florence, Italy, October 7-13, 2012, Proceedings, Part III, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2012).
A chapter in an edited book
C. TUNIZ, R. GILLESPIE, and C. JONES, “La vera età della Donna di Mungo,” in I lettori di ossa, R. Gillespie and C. Jones, Eds., pp. 31–56, Springer, Milano (2010).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fusion Science and Technology.

Blog post
J. DAVIS, “Brazilian Zika Virus Strain Confirmed In Africa For First Time,” IFLScience; 23 May 2016;; (current as of Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE, “FAA Training: Continued Improvements Needed in FAA’s Controller Field Training Program,” RCED-89-83, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1989).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K. FARHAD, “Development of a web-based educational resource on the most effective micronutrients in the prevention and treatment of type 2 diabetes,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach (2015).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. WAGNER, “Mets Collapse Again Under the Weight of Their Pitching Dysfunction,” in New York Times, p. SP3 (2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleFusion Science and Technology
AbbreviationFusion Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)1536-1055
ISSN (online)1943-7641
ScopeNuclear Energy and Engineering
Civil and Structural Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
General Materials Science
Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Other styles