How to format your references using the Fusion Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fusion Science and Technology (FST). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. YARUS, “Molecular biology. Climbing in 190 dimensions,” Science 332 6026, 181 (2011).
A journal article with 2 authors
J. J. TEWKSBURY and G. P. NABHAN, “Seed dispersal. Directed deterrence by capsaicin in chilies,” Nature 412 6845, 403 (2001).
A journal article with 3 authors
M. LAUBACH, J. WESSBERG, and M. A. NICOLELIS, “Cortical ensemble activity increasingly predicts behaviour outcomes during learning of a motor task,” Nature 405 6786, 567 (2000).
A journal article with 4 or more authors
X. CHEN et al., “A thermally re-mendable cross-linked polymeric material,” Science 295 5560, 1698 (2002).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
G. A. KAZEMI, J. H. LEHR, and P. PERROCHET, Groundwater Age, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2006).
An edited book
H. ALTENBACH, S. FOREST, and A. KRIVTSOV, Eds., Generalized Continua as Models for Materials: with Multi-scale Effects or Under Multi-field Actions, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2013).
A chapter in an edited book
F. DEGRAVE and W. VANHOOF, “Towards a Normal Form for Mercury Programs,” in Logic-Based Program Synthesis and Transformation: 17th International Symposium, LOPSTR 2007, Kongens Lyngby, Denmark, August 23-24, 2007, Revised Selected Papers, A. King, Ed., pp. 43–58, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2008).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fusion Science and Technology.

Blog post
J. DAVIS, “FDA Approves The Installation Of ‘Stomach Taps,’” IFLScience; 20 June 2016; (current as of Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE, “Public Transit: Information on Job Access and Reverse Commute Activities after 2012 Statutory Changes,” GAO-17-483, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2017).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
R. J. MILLER, “An Investigation Examining the Perceived Implications of Principal Leadership Changing A Large Comprehensive High School into Smaller Learning Communities,” Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University (2012).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. GREENHOUSE, “A Case-by-Case Ruling on Discrimination,” in New York Times, p. A17 (2008).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleFusion Science and Technology
AbbreviationFusion Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)1536-1055
ISSN (online)1943-7641
ScopeNuclear Energy and Engineering
Civil and Structural Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
General Materials Science
Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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