How to format your references using the Fusion Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fusion Science and Technology (FST). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A. BURKOV, “PHYSICS. Chiral anomaly without relativity,” Science 350 6259, 378 (2015).
A journal article with 2 authors
J. FLINT and M. MUNAFÒ, “Genetics. Herit-ability,” Science 340 6139, 1416 (2013).
A journal article with 3 authors
M. S. SENN, J. P. WRIGHT, and J. P. ATTFIELD, “Charge order and three-site distortions in the Verwey structure of magnetite,” Nature 481 7380, 173 (2011).
A journal article with 4 or more authors
P. CARPENA et al., “Metal-insulator transition in chains with correlated disorder,” Nature 418 6901, 955 (2002).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. HAGEN, Chemiereaktoren, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG (2004).
An edited book
H. M. PINEDO and C. H. SMORENBURG, Eds., Drugs Affecting Growth of Tumours, Birkhäuser, Basel (2006).
A chapter in an edited book
M. R. MEYER, “The Cervical Vertebrae of KSD-VP-1/1,” in The Postcranial Anatomy of Australopithecus afarensis: New Insights from KSD-VP-1/1, Y. Haile-Selassie and D. F. Su, Eds., pp. 63–111, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2016).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fusion Science and Technology.

Blog post
E. ANDREW, “Extra ‘Mystery’ Neurons Make Males Prioritize Sex,” IFLScience; 16 October 2015;; (current as of Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE, “Federal Communications Commission: Broadcast Services, Television Broadcast Stations, and TV Transmission Standards,” OGC-97-18, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1997).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. S. BOWMAR, “Building Energy Efficiency and Resilience in the United States, One Disaster at a Time: Fostering Green Building Principles through Disaster Assistance,” Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University (2012).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. F. BURGHARDT, “The Legacies They Left,” in New York Times, p. 14LI6 (2006).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleFusion Science and Technology
AbbreviationFusion Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)1536-1055
ISSN (online)1943-7641
ScopeNuclear Energy and Engineering
Civil and Structural Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
General Materials Science
Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Other styles