How to format your references using the BMC Chemical Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BMC Chemical Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Stern A. Commercial space flight is a game-changer. Nature. 2012;484:417.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Ghosez P, Triscone J-M. Materials physics: reactive walls. Nature. 2014;515:348–50.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Lupp C, Skipper M, Weiss U. Gut microbes and health. Nature. 2012;489:219.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Peruzzo A, Lobino M, Matthews JCF, Matsuda N, Politi A, Poulios K, et al. Quantum walks of correlated photons. Science. 2010;329:1500–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Kelsey JE, Newport DJ, Nemeroff CB. Principles of Psychopharmacology for Mental Health Professionals. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2006.
An edited book
1. Feenberg A, Friesen N, editors. (Re)Inventing The Internet: Critical Case Studies. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Byun DJ, Baras JS. Adaptive Virtual Queue Random Early Detection in Satellite Networks. In: Powell S, Shim JP, editors. Wireless Technology: Applications, Management, and Security. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2009. p. 63–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BMC Chemical Biology.

Blog post
1. Andrews R. Here’s A Glorious List Of All The Animals Known To Fart. IFLScience. 2017. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. FBI: Advanced Communications Technologies Pose Wiretapping Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Frantz DE. The effects of Aroclor 1254 on the reproductive function of male round stingrays (Urobatis halleri). Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Schmitt E. Vast Exercise Demonstrated Russia’s Growing Military Prowess. New York Times. 2017;:A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBMC Chemical Biology
ISSN (print)1472-6769

Other styles