How to format your references using the BMC Chemical Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BMC Chemical Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Hong W. Science & SciLifeLab Prize. Assembly of a neural circuit. Science. 2013;342:1186.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Sergienko OV, Hindmarsh RCA. Regular patterns in frictional resistance of ice-stream beds seen by surface data inversion. Science. 2013;342:1086–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Harmon JP, Moran NA, Ives AR. Species response to environmental change: impacts of food web interactions and evolution. Science. 2009;323:1347–50.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Miyazawa H, Ueda C, Yahata K, Su Z-H. Molecular phylogeny of Myriapoda provides insights into evolutionary patterns of the mode in post-embryonic development. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4127.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. DiGrado BD, Thorp GA. The Aboveground Steel Storage Tank Handbook. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2007.
An edited book
1. Bellatreche L, Mota Pinto F, editors. Model and Data Engineering: First International Conference, MEDI 2011, Óbidos, Portugal, September 28-30, 2011. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. García-Raboso A, Rayan S. Introduction to Nonabelian Hodge Theory. In: Laza R, Schütt M, Yui N, editors. Calabi-Yau Varieties: Arithmetic, Geometry and Physics: Lecture Notes on Concentrated Graduate Courses. New York, NY: Springer; 2015. p. 131–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BMC Chemical Biology.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. Man Fiddles On His Violin During His Own Brain Surgery. IFLScience. 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/brain/man-fiddles-his-violin-during-his-own-brain-surgery/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Maritime Law Exemption: Exemption Provides Limited Competitive Advantage, but Barriers to Further Entry under U.S. Flag Remain. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Kurulugama RT. Overtone mobility spectrometry. Doctoral dissertation. Indiana University; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Walsh MW. U.S. Sues UnitedHealth Over Medicare Charges. New York Times. 2017;:B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBMC Chemical Biology
ISSN (print)1472-6769
Scope

Other styles