How to format your references using the BMC Chemical Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BMC Chemical Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Smaglik P. California dreaming: San Diego. Nature. 2003;422:240–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Weir JT, Schluter D. The latitudinal gradient in recent speciation and extinction rates of birds and mammals. Science. 2007;315:1574–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Bastos-Aristizabal S, Kozlov G, Gehring K. Structure of the substrate-binding b’ domain of the Protein Disulfide Isomerase-Like protein of the Testis. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4464.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Silevitch DM, Bitko D, Brooke J, Ghosh S, Aeppli G, Rosenbaum TF. A ferromagnet in a continuously tunable random field. Nature. 2007;448:567–70.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Abraham A. The Trend Following Bible. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1. Schulz HD, Zabel M, editors. Marine Geochemistry. 2nd revised, updated and extended edition. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Khutsishvili K. Across the Enguri Border: Lives Connected and Separated by the Borderland Between Georgia and Abkhazia. In: Bringa T, Toje H, editors. Eurasian Borderlands: Spatializing Borders in the Aftermath of State Collapse. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US; 2016. p. 107–31.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BMC Chemical Biology.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. According to Stephen Hawking, black holes as we currently understand them do not exist. IFLScience. 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/physics/according-stephen-hawking-black-holes-we-currently-understand-them-do-not-exist/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. NASA Should Provide the Congress Complete Cost Information on the Space Telescope Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1980.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Gonzalez AX. Échale Ganas: Engaging, Educating, and Empowering Latino Males at Four-Year Institutions. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Wagner J. For Matz, and Mets, Another Comeback Has Proved Difficult to Fulfill. New York Times. 2017;:B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBMC Chemical Biology
ISSN (print)1472-6769
Scope

Other styles