How to format your references using the Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Benzi, R. (2003). “Physics. Getting a grip on turbulence.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5633), 605–606.
A journal article with 2 authors
Adesnik, H., and Scanziani, M. (2010). “Lateral competition for cortical space by layer-specific horizontal circuits.” Nature, 464(7292), 1155–1160.
A journal article with 3 authors
Karunadasa, H. I., Chang, C. J., and Long, J. R. (2010). “A molecular molybdenum-oxo catalyst for generating hydrogen from water.” Nature, 464(7293), 1329–1333.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Carter, J. A., Fabrycky, D. C., Ragozzine, D., Holman, M. J., Quinn, S. N., Latham, D. W., Buchhave, L. A., Van Cleve, J., Cochran, W. D., Cote, M. T., Endl, M., Ford, E. B., Haas, M. R., Jenkins, J. M., Koch, D. G., Li, J., Lissauer, J. J., MacQueen, P. J., Middour, C. K., Orosz, J. A., Rowe, J. F., Steffen, J. H., and Welsh, W. F. (2011). “KOI-126: a triply eclipsing hierarchical triple with two low-mass stars.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 331(6017), 562–565.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Papadimitriou, G. I., Tsimoulas, P. A., Obaidat, M. S., and Pomportsis, A. S. (2005). Multiwavelength Optical LANs. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Clark, P. E. (2013). Constant-Scale Natural Boundary Mapping to Reveal Global and Cosmic Processes. SpringerBriefs in Astronomy, (C. Clark, ed.), Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Dermietzel, R., and Meier, C. (2005). “Gap Junction Expression in Brain Tissues with Focus on Development.” Gap Junctions in Development and Disease, E. Winterhager, ed., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 83–110.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2014). “Amazing GIFs of Octopus Camouflage.” IFLScience, IFLScience (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1972). Achievements, Cost, and Administration of the Ocean Sediment Coring Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Deshpande, A. S. (2009). “Efficient idempotent methods for optimal control.” Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Healy, J. (2013). “Utah Judge Unexpected as a Hero to Gay People.” New York Times, A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Benzi 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Adesnik and Scanziani 2010; Benzi 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Adesnik and Scanziani 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Carter et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Materials in Civil Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Mater. Civ. Eng.
ISSN (print)0899-1561
ISSN (online)1943-5533
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Building and Construction
General Materials Science

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