How to format your references using the Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bosch, X. (2000). “Radical changes urged for Spanish universities.” Nature, 404(6777), 425–426.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hsieh, H. H., and Jewitt, D. (2006). “A population of comets in the main asteroid belt.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5773), 561–563.
A journal article with 3 authors
Friedland, J. C., Lee, M. H., and Boettiger, D. (2009). “Mechanically activated integrin switch controls alpha5beta1 function.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5914), 642–644.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Choi, S. B., Wang, C., Muench, D. G., Ozawa, K., Franceschi, V. R., Wu, Y., and Okita, T. W. (2000). “Messenger RNA targeting of rice seed storage proteins to specific ER subdomains.” Nature, 407(6805), 765–767.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gunn, D. M. (2016). Judges. Blackwell Publishing, Malden, MA, USA.
An edited book
Reid, J. (2013). JavaScript Programmer’s Reference. (T. Valentine, ed.), Apress, Berkeley, CA.
A chapter in an edited book
Nečasová, Š., and Kračmar, S. (2016). “Fundamental Solution of the Stationary Problem.” Navier-Stokes Flow Around a Rotating Obstacle: Mathematical Analysis of its Asymptotic Behavior, Atlantis Briefs in Differential Equations, S. Kracmar, ed., Atlantis Press, Paris, 25–38.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015). “Million-Year-Old Monkey Fossil Discovered In Underwater Cave.” IFLScience, IFLScience (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2010). Highway Trust Fund: Nearly All States Received More Funding Than They Contributed in Highway Taxes Since 2005. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Galvarin, M. (2008). “Special education paraeducators as instructional support.” Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Erard, M. (2017). “The Content of Their Characters.” New York Times, MM35.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bosch 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Bosch 2000; Hsieh and Jewitt 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hsieh and Jewitt 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Choi et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Materials in Civil Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Mater. Civ. Eng.
ISSN (print)0899-1561
ISSN (online)1943-5533
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Building and Construction
General Materials Science

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