How to format your references using the Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rohde, J. R. (2011). “Microbiology. Listeria unwinds host DNA.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 331(6022), 1271–1272.
A journal article with 2 authors
Altshuler, D., and Clark, A. G. (2005). “Genetics. Harvesting medical information from the human family tree.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5712), 1052–1053.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ballentine, C. J., Porcelli, D., and Wieler, R. (2001). “Noble gases in mantle plumes.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 291(5512), 2269.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Choi, S., Yu, X., Jongpaiboonkit, L., Hollister, S. J., and Murphy, W. L. (2013). “Inorganic coatings for optimized non-viral transfection of stem cells.” Scientific reports, 3, 1567.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stavetski, E. J. (2009). Managing Hedge Fund Managers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Polini, M., Vignale, G., Pellegrini, V., and Jain, J. K. (Eds.). (2016). No-nonsense Physicist: An overview of Gabriele Giuliani’s work and life. Publications of the Scuola Normale Superiore, Scuola Normale Superiore, Pisa.
A chapter in an edited book
Chua, L. S. (2016). “Hyphenated Technique of LC-PDALC-PDA -MS/MS for Phytochemical Profiling of Ficus deltoidea.” Crystallizing Ideas – The Role of Chemistry, P. Ramasami, M. Gupta Bhowon, S. Jhaumeer Laulloo, and H. Li Kam Wah, eds., Springer International Publishing, Cham, 57–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016). “This New Shade Of Blue Was Accidentally Discovered By Chemists.” IFLScience, IFLScience (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2005). Federal Aviation Administration: Stronger Architecture Program Needed to Guide Systems Modernization Efforts. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sulaiman, Y. (2008). “The Banteng and the Eagle: Indonesian Foreign Policy and the United States During the Era of Sukarno 1945-1967.” Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Herrman, J. (2016). “Fixation on Fake News Obscures a Waning Trust in Real Reporting.” New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rohde 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Altshuler and Clark 2005; Rohde 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Altshuler and Clark 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Choi et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Materials in Civil Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Mater. Civ. Eng.
ISSN (print)0899-1561
ISSN (online)1943-5533
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Building and Construction
General Materials Science

Other styles