How to format your references using the Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schröder, R. (2003). “The genes orthodenticle and hunchback substitute for bicoid in the beetle Tribolium.” Nature, 422(6932), 621–625.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chase, J. M., and Leibold, M. A. (2002). “Spatial scale dictates the productivity-biodiversity relationship.” Nature, 416(6879), 427–430.
A journal article with 3 authors
Weymouth, A. J., Hofmann, T., and Giessibl, F. J. (2014). “Quantifying molecular stiffness and interaction with lateral force microscopy.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 343(6175), 1120–1122.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
van der Bent, M. L., Sterken, M. G., Volkers, R. J. M., Riksen, J. A. G., Schmid, T., Hajnal, A., Kammenga, J. E., and Snoek, L. B. (2014). “Loss-of-function of β-catenin bar-1 slows development and activates the Wnt pathway in Caenorhabditis elegans.” Scientific reports, 4, 4926.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith, I. M., Griffiths, D. V., and Margetts, L. (2015). Programming the Finite Element Method. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Sidharth, B. G., Honsell, F., and de Angelis, A. (Eds.). (2006). Frontiers of Fundamental Physics: Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium “Frontiers of Fundamental and Computational Physics”, Udine, Italy, 26–29 September 2004. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Golden, R. E., Collins, C. B., Cunningham, S. D., Newman, E. N., and Card, J. J. (2013). “Overview of Structural Interventions to Increase Voluntary Counseling and Testing (VCT) and Antiretroviral Therapy (ART).” Best Evidence Structural Interventions for HIV Prevention, C. B. Collins, S. D. Cunningham, E. N. Newman, and J. J. Card, eds., Springer, New York, NY, 285–334.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015). “Fossils Reveal That Modern Humans Were Living In China 20,000 Years Before We Thought They Left Africa.” IFLScience, IFLScience, <; (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). FAA Research, Engineering and Development Issues. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Burns, K. N. (2017). “Impact of Cognitive Tasks on Gait Parameters in Collegiate Athletes.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. (2017). “SoundCloud, Former Star In Streaming, Lays Off 173.” New York Times, B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Carucci 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Budd 2002; Orrit 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chase and Leibold 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Zanin et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Materials in Civil Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Mater. Civ. Eng.
ISSN (print)0899-1561
ISSN (online)1943-5533
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Building and Construction
General Materials Science

Other styles