How to format your references using the Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gammon, K. 2012. “Mathematical modelling: Forecasting cancer.” Nature, 491 (7425): S66-7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Allmann, S., and I. T. Baldwin. 2010. “Insects betray themselves in nature to predators by rapid isomerization of green leaf volatiles.” Science, 329 (5995): 1075–1078.
A journal article with 3 authors
Juanes-Marcos, J. C., S. C. Althorpe, and E. Wrede. 2005. “Theoretical study of geometric phase effects in the hydrogen-exchange reaction.” Science, 309 (5738): 1227–1230.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yamamoto, F., E. Cid, M. Yamamoto, N. Saitou, J. Bertranpetit, and A. Blancher. 2014. “An integrative evolution theory of histo-blood group ABO and related genes.” Sci. Rep., 4: 6601.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chinesta, F., S. Cescotto, E. Cueto, and P. Lorong. 2013. Natural Element Method for the Simulation of Structures and Processes. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Feldman, Y. A., D. Kraft, and T. Kuflik (Eds.). 2009. Next Generation Information Technologies and Systems: 7th International Conference, NGITS 2009, Haifa, Israel, June 16-18, 2009. Revised Selected Papers. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Belvisi, M. G., and D. J. Hele. 2009. “Cough Sensors. III. Opioid and Cannabinoid Receptors on Vagal Sensory Nerves.” Pharmacology and Therapeutics of Cough, Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology, K. F. Chung and J. Widdicombe, eds., 63–76. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. 2016. “Track Near-Earth Objects On Asteroid Day 2016.” IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2013. In-Car Location-Based Services: Companies Are Taking Steps to Protect Privacy, but Some Risks May Not Be Clear to Consumers. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Giuseffi, F. G. 2014. “Investigation of the Influence of the Socratic Method on Leadership Skills among JROTC Cadet Leaders at a Military Boarding School.” Doctoral dissertation. St. Charles, MO: Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. 2017. “Shot Caller.” New York Times, August 17, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gammon 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Allmann and Baldwin 2010; Gammon 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Allmann and Baldwin 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Yamamoto et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Materials in Civil Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Mater. Civ. Eng.
ISSN (print)0899-1561
ISSN (online)1943-5533
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Building and Construction
General Materials Science

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