How to format your references using the Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lehmann, F. O. (2001). “Matching spiracle opening to metabolic need during flight in Drosophila.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5548), 1926–1929.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jackson, M. G., and Carlson, R. W. (2011). “An ancient recipe for flood-basalt genesis.” Nature, 476(7360), 316–319.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cumings, J., Collins, P. G., and Zettl, A. (2000). “Peeling and sharpening multiwall nanotubes.” Nature, 406(6796), 586.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhang, P., Mehta, K., Rehman, S., and Chen, N. (2014). “Imaging single chiral nanoparticles in turbid media using circular-polarization optical coherence microscopy.” Scientific reports, 4, 4979.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Primak, S. L., and Kontorovich, V. (2011). Wireless Multi-Antenna Channels. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Zhao, Q., and Huang, J. (Eds.). (2011). Agricultural Science & Technology in China: A Roadmap to 2050. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Davis, A. B. (2006). “Effective Propagation Kernels in Structured Media with Broad Spatial Correlations, Illustration with Large-Scale Transport of Solar Photons Through Cloudy Atmospheres.” Computational Methods in Transport: Granlibakken 2004, Lecture Notes in Computational Science and Engineering, F. Graziani, ed., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 85–140.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). “This Headset Lets You Control Your TV Using The Power Of Your Mind.” IFLScience, IFLScience, <> (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). Head Start Programs: Participant Characteristics, Services, and Funding. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Packman, T. (2017). “The Effects of Eccentricity on Rectangular Hollow Structural Section Stress in Moment Connections Loaded Out-of-Plane.” Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Moy, J. (2017). “A Bridge That Spans Cultures.” New York Times, A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lehmann 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Jackson and Carlson 2011; Lehmann 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jackson and Carlson 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Materials in Civil Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Mater. Civ. Eng.
ISSN (print)0899-1561
ISSN (online)1943-5533
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Building and Construction
General Materials Science

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