How to format your references using the BMC Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BMC Biotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Greer A. Chemistry. Enhanced: a view of unusual peroxides. Science. 2003;302:235–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Soukoulis CM, Wegener M. Materials science. Optical metamaterials--more bulky and less lossy. Science. 2010;330:1633–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. McGuire SE, Le PT, Davis RL. The role of Drosophila mushroom body signaling in olfactory memory. Science. 2001;293:1330–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Rietkerk M, Dekker SC, de Ruiter PC, van de Koppel J. Self-organized patchiness and catastrophic shifts in ecosystems. Science. 2004;305:1926–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Adamowicz Z, Zbierski P. Logic of Mathematics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 1997.
An edited book
1. Bernhaupt R, Forbrig P, Gulliksen J, Lárusdóttir M, editors. Human-Centred Software Engineering: Third International Conference, HCSE 2010, Reykjavik, Iceland, October 14-15, 2010. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Porteš P, Laurinec M, Blat’ák O. Discrete-Difference Filter in Vehicle Dynamics Analysis. In: Brezina T, Jablonski R, editors. Recent Advances in Mechatronics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. p. 19–24.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BMC Biotechnology.

Blog post
1. Davis J. Schizophrenia Linked To Smoking. IFLScience. 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/brain/why-are-schizophrenia-and-smoking-linked/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Special Education: State and Local-Imposed Requirements Complicate Federal Efforts to Reduce Administrative Burden. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Liao W. The epitope specificity of the human anti-Candida albicans antibody M1g1. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Stevenson A, Goldstein M. Fund Manager Facing Charges Is Found Dead at Home. New York Times. 2016;:B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBMC Biotechnology
AbbreviationBMC Biotechnol.
ISSN (online)1472-6750
ScopeBiotechnology

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