How to format your references using the Hematology/Oncology Clinics of North America citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hematology/Oncology Clinics of North America (HOC). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stern DL. Developmental biology. Morphing into shape. Science 2006;313(5783):50–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang J., Genack AZ. Transport through modes in random media. Nature 2011;471(7338):345–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Eberhardt MV., Lee CY., Liu RH. Antioxidant activity of fresh apples. Nature 2000;405(6789):903–4.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Abers GA., Ferris A., Craig M., et al. Mantle compensation of active metamorphic core complexes at Woodlark rift in Papua New Guinea. Nature 2002;418(6900):862–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Saliba AJ., Corona JC., Johnson KE. Option Spread Strategies. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Shafer WM. Antimicrobial Peptides and Human Disease. vol. 306. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
May J., Diga K. Progress Towards Resolving the Measurement Link Between ICT and Poverty Reduction. In: Chib A, May J, and Barrantes R, editors. Impact of Information Society Research in the Global South. Singapore: Springer; 2015. p. 83–104.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hematology/Oncology Clinics of North America.

Blog post
Andrew D. How Time-Poor Scientists Inadvertently Made It Seem Like The World Was Overrun With Jellyfish. IFLScience. Available at: Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Certification of New Airlines: Department of Transportation Has Taken Action to Improve Its Certification Process. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nam Y-H. On Throughput-Reliability-Delay Tradeoffs in Wireless Networks. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hanc J. Skills-Gap Fixes. New York Times 2017:F4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleHematology/Oncology Clinics of North America
AbbreviationHematol. Oncol. Clin. North Am.
ISSN (print)0889-8588
ISSN (online)1558-1977

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