How to format your references using the Hematology/Oncology Clinics of North America citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hematology/Oncology Clinics of North America (HOC). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Browning J. Recession Watch: Cut costs and sell what you can. Nature 2009;457(7232):961–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Garcia-Pichel F., Pringault O. Microbiology. Cyanobacteria track water in desert soils. Nature 2001;413(6854):380–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang A., Kurdistani SK., Grunstein M. Requirement of Hos2 histone deacetylase for gene activity in yeast. Science 2002;298(5597):1412–4.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Avery AA., Prakash CS., McHughen A., et al. What kind of farming works best? Science 2005;307(5714):1410–1; author reply 140-1.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Piegorsch WW., Bailer AJ. Analyzing Environmental Data. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
Mackness B., Mackness M., Aviram M., et al. The Paraoxonases: Their Role in Disease Development and Xenobiotic Metabolism. vol. 6. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Casas J., Ferrer JL., Garcia D., et al. Traffic Simulation with Aimsun. In: Barceló J, editor. Fundamentals of Traffic Simulation. New York, NY: Springer; 2010. p. 173–232.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hematology/Oncology Clinics of North America.

Blog post
Andrew E. Google Will Provide An Entire Country With Internet Using Balloons. IFLScience. Available at: Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: Implementation of Reform Legislation Needed to Improve Acquisitions and Operations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2015.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Young AJ. An Examination of Cultures of Innovation within Esoteric Technology Provider: A Look into Computer-Aided Engineering (CAE). Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Etheredge P by G. Voyeur | 7 Train. New York Times 2016:RE15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleHematology/Oncology Clinics of North America
AbbreviationHematol. Oncol. Clin. North Am.
ISSN (print)0889-8588
ISSN (online)1558-1977

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