How to format your references using the Hematology/Oncology Clinics of North America citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hematology/Oncology Clinics of North America (HOC). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eakin CM. Oceans. Lamarck was partially right--and that is good for corals. Science 2014;344(6186):798–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Marti K., Kerridge J. Planetary science. Nitrogen in the solar system. Science 2010;328(5982):1112–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Budd GE., Butterfield NJ., Jensen S. Crustaceans and the “Cambrian explosion.” Science 2001;294(5549):2047.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Stanley S., Elkins-Tanton L., Zuber MT., et al. Mars’ paleomagnetic field as the result of a single-hemisphere dynamo. Science 2008;321(5897):1822–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ben Chouikha M. Organizational Design for Knowledge Management. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
Hollins Martin CJ., Watson RR., Preedy VR. Nutrition and Diet in Menopause. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Maffei FA. Assessment of Cardiovascular Function. In: Lucking SE, Maffei FA, Tamburro RF et al., editors. Pediatric Critical Care Study Guide: Text and Review. London: Springer; 2012. p. 94–132.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hematology/Oncology Clinics of North America.

Blog post
Andrew E. Holograms Heading to the International Space Station. IFLScience. Available at: Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Needs of the U.S. Coast Guard in Developing an Effective Recreational Boating Safety Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1976.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Joseph WR. Physical Characterization of Vernix Caseosa: Implications for Biological Function. Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, 2002.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schembari J. Factory Masterpieces. New York Times 2017:TR1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleHematology/Oncology Clinics of North America
AbbreviationHematol. Oncol. Clin. North Am.
ISSN (print)0889-8588
ISSN (online)1558-1977

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