How to format your references using the Colombian Journal of Anesthesiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Colombian Journal of Anesthesiology (RCAE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Folkman J. Retrospective. Jeffrey Isner, 1947-2001. Science. 2001;294(5547):1670.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ischenko AA., Saparbaev MK. Alternative nucleotide incision repair pathway for oxidative DNA damage. Nature. 2002;415(6868):183–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lishko PV., Botchkina IL., Kirichok Y. Progesterone activates the principal Ca2+ channel of human sperm. Nature. 2011;471(7338):387–91.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Dupuis S., Dargemont C., Fieschi C., Thomassin N., Rosenzweig S., Harris J., et al. Impairment of mycobacterial but not viral immunity by a germline human STAT1 mutation. Science. 2001;293(5528):300–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dimond BC. Legal Aspects of Radiography and Radiology. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Science Ltd; 2008.
An edited book
Cannon CP., Peacock WF. Short Stay Management of Chest Pain. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Friederich B., Laachachi A., Ferriol M., Ruch D., Cochez M., Toniazzo V. Improvement of Thermal Stability and Fire Behaviour of pmma by a (Metal Oxide Nanoparticles/Ammonium Polyphosphate/ Melamine Polyphosphate) Ternary System. In: Fathi M, Holland A, Ansari F, Weber C, editors. Integrated Systems, Design and Technology 2010: Knowledge Transfer in New Technologies. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 47–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Colombian Journal of Anesthesiology.

Blog post
Hale T. The Leonid Meteor Shower Peaks TONIGHT - Here’s How To Watch. IFLScience. Available at: Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Air Traffic Control: Status of FAA’s Plans to Close and Contract Out Low-Activity Towers. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zelaya GS. Hopelessness and diabetes: Do Hispanic diabetic patients feel less hopeless eating fruits, vegetables and exercising regularly? Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J. Yankees Ride Out Chapman’s Latest Turbulence and Rebuff the Mets Again. New York Times. 2017:B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleColombian Journal of Anesthesiology
AbbreviationColomb. J. Anesthesiol.
ISSN (print)2256-2087

Other styles