How to format your references using the Colombian Journal of Anesthesiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Colombian Journal of Anesthesiology (RCAE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Norreys PA. Physics. Complexity in fusion plasmas. Science. 2008;319(5867):1193–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gorbunova YV., Spitzer NC. Dynamic interactions of cyclic AMP transients and spontaneous Ca(2+) spikes. Nature. 2002;418(6893):93–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Spillane SM., Kippenberg TJ., Vahala KJ. Ultralow-threshold Raman laser using a spherical dielectric microcavity. Nature. 2002;415(6872):621–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Borducchi EN., Liu J., Nkolola JP., Cadena AM., Yu W-H., Fischinger S., et al. Publisher Correction: Antibody and TLR7 agonist delay viral rebound in SHIV-infected monkeys. Nature. 2018.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Coombs WT., Holladay SJ. Managing Corporate Social Responsibility. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
Gollmann D., Meier J., Sabelfeld A. Computer Security – ESORICS 2006: 11th European Symposium on Research in Computer Security, Hamburg, Germany, September 18-20, 2006. Proceedings. vol. 4189. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Hirsch M., Oppenauer K., del Re L. Dynamic Engine Emission Models. In: Re L del, Allgöwer F, Glielmo L, Guardiola C, Kolmanovsky I, editors. Automotive Model Predictive Control: Models, Methods and Applications. London: Springer; 2010. p. 73–87.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Colombian Journal of Anesthesiology.

Blog post
Fang J. Male Orangutans With Cheek Pads Father More Offspring. IFLScience. Available at: Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. NASA: Projects Need More Disciplined Oversight and Management to Address Key Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Messian NM. The Spiral of Time: A Path to the Soul—Jewish Mystical and Depth Psychological Perspectives. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard B. An Online Purveyor of Polygamous Bliss. New York Times. 2016:A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleColombian Journal of Anesthesiology
AbbreviationColomb. J. Anesthesiol.
ISSN (print)2256-2087

Other styles