How to format your references using the Colombian Journal of Anesthesiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Colombian Journal of Anesthesiology (RCAE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sifers RN. Medicine. Clearing conformational disease. Science. 2010;329(5988):154–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vukmirovic OG., Tilghman SM. Exploring genome space. Nature. 2000;405(6788):820–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bhandawat V., Reisert J., Yau K-W. Elementary response of olfactory receptor neurons to odorants. Science. 2005;308(5730):1931–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Strigari LE., Bullock JS., Kaplinghat M., Simon JD., Geha M., Willman B., et al. A common mass scale for satellite galaxies of the Milky Way. Nature. 2008;454(7208):1096–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Moore RG., Garland A. Cognitive Therapy for Chronic and Persistent Depression. West Sussex, England: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2008.
An edited book
Hulst R., Montfort A van. Inter-Municipal Cooperation in Europe. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Selden C. Bioartificial Liver. In: Nedović V, Willaert R, editors. Applications of Cell Immobilisation Biotechnology. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2005. p. 69–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Colombian Journal of Anesthesiology.

Blog post
Carpineti A. Potential HIV Vaccine Moves Into Next Testing Phase. IFLScience. Available at: Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Access to Space: Issues Associated With DOD’s Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gomez DA. System of systems engineering: Prescribing the technical development effort to engineer a constituent system. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M. The Air Down There Soothes Feet. New York Times. 2010:E9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleColombian Journal of Anesthesiology
AbbreviationColomb. J. Anesthesiol.
ISSN (print)2256-2087

Other styles