How to format your references using the Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Matzke NJ (2016) The evolution of antievolution policies after Kitzmiller versus Dover. Science 351:28–30
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Wong W, Barlow H (2000) Tunes and templates. Nature 404:952–953
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Nisbet EG, Dlugokencky EJ, Bousquet P (2014) Atmospheric science. Methane on the rise--again. Science 343:493–495
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Mecklenbräuker I, Kalled SL, Leitges M, et al (2004) Regulation of B-cell survival by BAFF-dependent PKCdelta-mediated nuclear signalling. Nature 431:456–461

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Cowan JP (2016) The Effects of Sound on People. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
Shiratori R, Arai K, Kato F (2005) Gaming, Simulations, and Society: Research Scope and Perspective. Springer, Tokyo
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Ejnisman B, Terra BB, Costantini A (2015) Coracoid Process. In: Bain GI, Itoi E, Di Giacomo G, Sugaya H (eds) Normal and Pathological Anatomy of the Shoulder. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 47–55

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2014) Study of 100 Billion Animals Finds GMOs Safe. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/comprehensive-study-100-billion-animals-finds-gmos-safe-livestock/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2007) Responses to Questions for the Record; Hearing on the Future of Air Traffic Control Modernization. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Seevaratnam N (2019) Forecasting Optimality in Resource Utilization for Cloud Computing Systems to Maximize Quality of Service. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Qiu L (2017) That’s Not How It Went On the Deal With Iran. New York Times A16

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Material Cycles and Waste Management
AbbreviationJ. Mater. Cycles Waste Manag.
ISSN (print)1438-4957
ISSN (online)1611-8227
ScopeMechanics of Materials
Waste Management and Disposal

Other styles