How to format your references using the Experimental Eye Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Experimental Eye Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Carthew, R.W., 2006. Molecular biology. A new RNA dimension to genome control. Science 313, 305–306.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nandagopal, N., Elowitz, M.B., 2011. Synthetic biology: integrated gene circuits. Science 333, 1244–1248.
A journal article with 3 authors
Grevemeyer, I., Herber, R., Essen, H.H., 2000. Microseismological evidence for a changing wave climate in the northeast Atlantic Ocean. Nature 408, 349–352.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Dong, X., Biswas, A., Süel, K.E., Jackson, L.K., Martinez, R., Gu, H., Chook, Y.M., 2009. Structural basis for leucine-rich nuclear export signal recognition by CRM1. Nature 458, 1136–1141.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Goria, S., 2017. Methods and Tools for Creative Competitive Intelligence. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Gohberg, I., 2009. Holomorphic Operator Functions of One Variable and Applications: Methods from Complex Analysis in Several Variables, Operator Theory: Advances and Applications. Birkhäuser, Basel.
A chapter in an edited book
Płaza, G.A., Ulfig, K., Tien, A.J., 2005. Immunotechniques as a Tool for Detection of Hydrocarbons, in: Schinner, F. (Ed.), Monitoring and Assessing Soil Bioremediation, Soil Biology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 121–130.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Experimental Eye Research.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2016. Explained: Why A Reboot Is The Go-To Computer Fix [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2015. Broadcast Exclusivity Rules: Effects of Elimination Would Depend on Other Federal Actions and Industry Response (No. GAO-15-441). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cox, A.M., 2017. Functional Gain and Change Mechanisms in Post-Production Complex Systems (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B., 2017. Kendrick Lamar Returns to No. 1. New York Times C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Carthew, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Carthew, 2006; Nandagopal and Elowitz, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nandagopal and Elowitz, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Dong et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleExperimental Eye Research
AbbreviationExp. Eye Res.
ISSN (print)0014-4835
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
Sensory Systems

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