How to format your references using the Experimental Eye Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Experimental Eye Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wentworth, P., Jr, 2002. Tech.Sight. Antibody design by man and nature. Science 296, 2247–2249.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mello, C.C., Conte, D., Jr, 2004. Revealing the world of RNA interference. Nature 431, 338–342.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cello, J., Paul, A.V., Wimmer, E., 2002. Chemical synthesis of poliovirus cDNA: generation of infectious virus in the absence of natural template. Science 297, 1016–1018.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Fedorov, A.V., Dekens, P.S., McCarthy, M., Ravelo, A.C., deMenocal, P.B., Barreiro, M., Pacanowski, R.C., Philander, S.G., 2006. The Pliocene paradox (mechanisms for a permanent El Niño). Science 312, 1485–1489.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Perez, A., 2013. Voice Over LTE. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA.
An edited book
Chesney, M., 2016. Environmental Finance and Investments, 2nd ed. 2016. ed, Springer Texts in Business and Economics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Verma, I.M., 2007. Short Abstracts – Session I, in: Fagagna, F.D. di, Chiocca, S., McBlane, F., Cavallaro, U. (Eds.), Advances in Molecular Oncology: Edited under the Auspices of the European Institute of Oncology (IEO) and The FIRC Institute of Molecular Oncology Foundation (IFOM), Advances In Experimental Medicine And Biology. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 58–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Experimental Eye Research.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2015. Galactic Satellite Could Provide First Clean Dark Matter Signal [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1989. ADP Acquisition: Air Force Logistics System Modernization Projects (No. IMTEC-89-42). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kuru, I.C., 2013. Time-Dependent Vehicle Routing and Assignment in No-Notice Evacuations (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gorman, J., 2017. One-Celled Hunter With Impressive Weapon. New York Times D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wentworth, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Mello and Conte, 2004; Wentworth, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mello and Conte, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Fedorov et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleExperimental Eye Research
AbbreviationExp. Eye Res.
ISSN (print)0014-4835
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
Sensory Systems

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