How to format your references using the Experimental Eye Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Experimental Eye Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Savage, N., 2013. Photonics: Trick of the light. Nature 495, S8-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhou, S., Bongiorno, A., 2013. Origin of the chemical and kinetic stability of graphene oxide. Sci. Rep. 3, 2484.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tarchini, B., Duboule, D., Kmita, M., 2006. Regulatory constraints in the evolution of the tetrapod limb anterior-posterior polarity. Nature 443, 985–988.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Onuchic, V., Lurie, E., Carrero, I., Pawliczek, P., Patel, R.Y., Rozowsky, J., Galeev, T., Huang, Z., Altshuler, R.C., Zhang, Z., Harris, R.A., Coarfa, C., Ashmore, L., Bertol, J.W., Fakhouri, W.D., Yu, F., Kellis, M., Gerstein, M., Milosavljevic, A., 2018. Allele-specific epigenome maps reveal sequence-dependent stochastic switching at regulatory loci. Science 361.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vitale, J., 2007. The Seven Lost Secrets of Success. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Zschocke, J., Gibson, K.M., Brown, G., Morava, E., Peters, V. (Eds.), 2014. JIMD Reports - Volume 12, JIMD Reports. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Gerhard, O., Wegg, C., Portail, M., 2016. Photometric Surveys of the Galactic Bulge and Long Bar, in: Napolitano, N.R., Longo, G., Marconi, M., Paolillo, M., Iodice, E. (Eds.), The Universe of Digital Sky Surveys: A Meeting to Honour the 70th Birthday of Massimo Capaccioli, Astrophysics and Space Science Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 41–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Experimental Eye Research.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2015. Woman Who Claims She Is “Allergic” To Wi-Fi Signals Given Compensation By French Court [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1984. Observations on the FBI’s Interstate Identification Index (No. GGD-85-4). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mersch, C., 2012. Campus-based drunk-driving intervention program: A grant proposal project (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B., 2016. Pandora Seeks a Way Out of the Internet Radio Doldrums. Cue Questlove. New York Times B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Savage, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Savage, 2013; Zhou and Bongiorno, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zhou and Bongiorno, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Onuchic et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleExperimental Eye Research
AbbreviationExp. Eye Res.
ISSN (print)0014-4835
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
Sensory Systems

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