How to format your references using the Experimental Eye Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Experimental Eye Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Moorcock, M., 2000. Through the shaving mirror. Nature 407, 455.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhang, W., Luck, S.J., 2008. Discrete fixed-resolution representations in visual working memory. Nature 453, 233–235.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li, F., Martienssen, R., Cande, W.Z., 2011. Coordination of DNA replication and histone modification by the Rik1-Dos2 complex. Nature 475, 244–248.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chavarria, J.A., Malin, P., Catchings, R.D., Shalev, E., 2003. A look inside the San Andreas Fault at Parkfield through vertical seismic profiling. Science 302, 1746–1748.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Murray, B., 2015. The Possibility of Culture. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Vassev, E., 2014. Autonomy Requirements Engineering for Space Missions, NASA Monographs in Systems and Software Engineering. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Markle, R.S., Splett, J.W., Maras, M.A., Weston, K.J., 2014. Effective School Teams: Benefits, Barriers, and Best Practices, in: Weist, M.D., Lever, N.A., Bradshaw, C.P., Owens, J.S. (Eds.), Handbook of School Mental Health: Research, Training, Practice, and Policy, Issues in Clinical Child Psychology. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 59–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Experimental Eye Research.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2016. Nope, Your Intelligence Probably Isn’t Solely Inherited From Your Mother [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1992. Government Civil Aircraft: Longstanding Management Problems (No. T-GGD-92-44). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chaves, J.S., 2009. Novel approach for the creation of thin films and interconnects using single walled carbon nanotubes inkjet technology and bacteria (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wingfield, N., Couturier, K., 2017. Detailing Amazon’s Custom-Clothing Patent. New York Times B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Moorcock, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Moorcock, 2000; Zhang and Luck, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zhang and Luck, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Chavarria et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleExperimental Eye Research
AbbreviationExp. Eye Res.
ISSN (print)0014-4835
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
Sensory Systems

Other styles