How to format your references using the Experimental Eye Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Experimental Eye Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schiermeier, Q., 2003. Home truths. Nature 423, 900–901.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ramirez Rozzi, F.V., Bermudez De Castro, J.M., 2004. Surprisingly rapid growth in Neanderthals. Nature 428, 936–939.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jaeger, T.F., Pontillo, D., Graff, P., 2012. Comment on “Phonemic diversity supports a serial founder effect model of language expansion from Africa.” Science 335, 1042; author reply 1042.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Goodman, R.P., Schaap, I.A.T., Tardin, C.F., Erben, C.M., Berry, R.M., Schmidt, C.F., Turberfield, A.J., 2005. Rapid chiral assembly of rigid DNA building blocks for molecular nanofabrication. Science 310, 1661–1665.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Baban, T.M., 2016. Shallow Foundations. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Cheng, W., 2007. Residual Stress Measurement and the Slitting Method, Mechanical Engineering Series. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Anderka, M., Lipka, N., Stein, B., 2010. Evaluating Cross-Language Explicit Semantic Analysis and Cross Querying, in: Peters, C., Nunzio, G.M.D., Kurimo, M., Mandl, T., Mostefa, D., Peñas, A., Roda, G. (Eds.), Multilingual Information Access Evaluation I. Text Retrieval Experiments: 10th Workshop of the Cross-Language Evaluation Forum, CLEF 2009, Corfu, Greece, September 30 - October 2, 2009, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 50–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Experimental Eye Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2013. What is a comet, and will ISON explode? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2012. Highway Infrastructure: Federal-State Partnership Produces Benefits and Poses Oversight Risks (No. GAO-12-474). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fadamin, A., 2017. Synthesis, Characterization and Electrochemistry of the Ruthenium Schiff Base Complex [(Saloph)Ru(NO)Cl] (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sophia Kishkovsky; Compiled by, 2005. Arts, Briefly; Russia to Sell a Landmark Studio. New York Times E2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schiermeier, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Ramirez Rozzi and Bermudez De Castro, 2004; Schiermeier, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ramirez Rozzi and Bermudez De Castro, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Goodman et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleExperimental Eye Research
AbbreviationExp. Eye Res.
ISSN (print)0014-4835
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
Sensory Systems

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