How to format your references using the Journal of Marketing for Higher Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Marketing for Higher Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Liman, E. R. (2012). Cell signaling. Putting the squeeze on phototransduction. Science (New York, N.Y.), 338(6104), 200–201.
A journal article with 2 authors
Heinrich, A., & Loth, S. (2011). Physics. A logical use for atoms. Science (New York, N.Y.), 332(6033), 1039–1040.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pearson, D. G., Parman, S. W., & Nowell, G. M. (2007). A link between large mantle melting events and continent growth seen in osmium isotopes. Nature, 449(7159), 202–205.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Williams, T. F., Mirando, A. C., Wilkinson, B., Francklyn, C. S., & Lounsbury, K. M. (2013). Secreted Threonyl-tRNA synthetase stimulates endothelial cell migration and angiogenesis. Scientific Reports, 3, 1317.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hogan, K. (2008). The Secret Language of Business. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ambroziak, A. A. (Ed.). (2014). New Cohesion Policy of the European Union in Poland: How It Will Influence the Investment Attractiveness of Regions in 2014-2020. Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Owen, B. M., & Rosston, G. L. (2006). Local Broadband Access: Primum Non Nocere or Primum Processi? A Property Rights Approach. In T. M. Lenard & R. J. May (Eds.), Net Neutrality or Net Neutering: Should Broadband Internet Services be Regulated (pp. 163–194). Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Marketing for Higher Education.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, August 17). Three Steps To Save Britain’s Butterflies. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1979). Current National Issues Involving Science and Technology (No. 094310). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Blazer, A. E. (2003). “I Am Otherwise”: The Romance Between Poetry and Theory After the Death of the Subject [Doctoral dissertation]. Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Meier, B., & Ember, S. (2015, December 28). Questions on Direction of a Paper in Las Vegas. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Liman, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Heinrich & Loth, 2011; Liman, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Heinrich & Loth, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Pearson et al., 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Williams et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Marketing for Higher Education
AbbreviationJ. Mark. High. Educ.
ISSN (print)0884-1241
ISSN (online)1540-7144

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