How to format your references using the Journal of Maritime Archaeology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Maritime Archaeology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Parman SW (2007) Helium isotopic evidence for episodic mantle melting and crustal growth. Nature 446:900–903
A journal article with 2 authors
Romanowicz B, Giardini D (2001) Geophysics. The future of permanent seismic networks. Science 293:2000–2001
A journal article with 3 authors
Bonsall MB, Jansen VAA, Hassell MP (2004) Life history trade-offs assemble ecological guilds. Science 306:111–114
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Radha B, Lim SH, Saifullah MSM, Kulkarni GU (2013) Metal hierarchical patterning by direct nanoimprint lithography. Sci Rep 3:1078

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Summers N (2010) Managing Social Service Staff for Excellence. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Albani A, Aveiro D, Barjis J (eds) (2012) Advances in Enterprise Engineering VI: Second Enterprise Engineering Working Conference, EEWC 2012, Delft, The Netherlands, May 7-8, 2012. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Hassmén P, Keegan R, Piggott D (2016) Research Paradigms, Methodologies and Methods. In: Keegan R, Piggott D (eds) Rethinking Sport and Exercise Psychology Research: Past, Present and Future. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, pp 105–129

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Maritime Archaeology.

Blog post
Evans K (2017) Bookworms Are Nicer, Kinder, And More Empathetic People, According To New Study. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1972) Training America’s Labor Force: Potential, Progress, and Problems of Vocational Education. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pesochinsky N (2019) Effect of Refractive Vision Correction of Myopia and Hyperopia Through Laser Surgery (LASIK & PRK) on Symptoms of Depression, Stress Perception and Self-esteem in Adults (22-55). Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gelles D, Kelly K, Abrams R, Corkery M (2017) Walmart Chief Joins C.E.O. Protests. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Parman 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Romanowicz and Giardini 2001; Parman 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Romanowicz and Giardini 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Radha et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Maritime Archaeology
AbbreviationJ. Marit. Archaeol.
ISSN (print)1557-2285
ISSN (online)1557-2293

Other styles