How to format your references using the Journal of Maritime Archaeology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Maritime Archaeology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Weinstock JV (2012) Autoimmunity: The worm returns. Nature 491:183–185
A journal article with 2 authors
Herzog RW, Ostrov DA (2012) Immunology. A decorated virus cannot hide. Science 338:748–749
A journal article with 3 authors
Wisniewski W, Patschger M, Rüssel C (2013) Viscous fingering and dendritic growth of surface crystallized Sr2TiSi2O8 fresnoite. Sci Rep 3:3558
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Farrow N, Miller D, Cmielewski P, et al (2013) Airway gene transfer in a non-human primate: lentiviral gene expression in marmoset lungs. Sci Rep 3:1287

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
DiBerardinis LJ, Baum JS, First MW, et al (2013) Guidelines for Laboratory Design. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Borcsa M, Rober P (eds) (2016) Research Perspectives in Couple Therapy: Discursive Qualitative Methods, 1st ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Matteucci G, Cammarano M, Dezi S, et al (2013) Climate Change Impacts on Forests and Forest Products in the Mediterranean Area. In: Navarra A, Tubiana L (eds) Regional Assessment of Climate Change in the Mediterranean: Volume 2: Agriculture, Forests and Ecosystem Services and People. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 71–100

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Maritime Archaeology.

Blog post
Luntz S (2014) No, The CDC Is Not Covering Up Evidence That Vaccines Cause Autism. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005) Federal Research: NIH and EPA Need to Improve Conflict of Interest Reviews for Research Arrangements with Private Sector Entities. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Williamson KM (2010) The effects of communist policies, the democratic transition, and EU accession on gender equality in Germany and the Czech Republic. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K (2008) Cuban Comfort. New York Times NJ14

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Weinstock 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Weinstock 2012; Herzog and Ostrov 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Herzog and Ostrov 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Farrow et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Maritime Archaeology
AbbreviationJ. Marit. Archaeol.
ISSN (print)1557-2285
ISSN (online)1557-2293

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