How to format your references using the Journal of Maritime Archaeology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Maritime Archaeology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
DeWeerdt S (2014) Microbiome: A complicated relationship status. Nature 508:S61-3
A journal article with 2 authors
Stoltz DB, Whitfield JB (2009) Virology. Making nice with viruses. Science 323:884–885
A journal article with 3 authors
He X, Gao L, Ma N (2013) One-step instant synthesis of protein-conjugated quantum dots at room temperature. Sci Rep 3:2825
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Chaudhury S, Smith A, Anderson BE, et al (2009) Quantum signatures of chaos in a kicked top. Nature 461:768–771

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Colin A (2005) Fixed Income Attribution. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Sombattheera C, Loi NK, Wankar R, Quan T (eds) (2012) Multi-disciplinary Trends in Artificial Intelligence: 6th International Workshop, MIWAI 2012, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, December 26-28, 2012. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Frank RL, Lieb EH (2012) A New, Rearrangement-free Proof of the Sharp Hardy–Littlewood–Sobolev Inequality. In: Brown BM, Lang J, Wood IG (eds) Spectral Theory, Function Spaces and Inequalities: New Techniques and Recent Trends. Springer, Basel, pp 55–67

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Maritime Archaeology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Envision 2050: The Future Of The Oceans. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998) Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Business Continuity and Contingency Planning (Supersedes AIMD-10.1.19). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hitchins MG (2017) Domain Disparity: Informing the Debate between Domain-General and Domain-Specific Information Processing in Working Memory. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly M (1993) Woman Who Is Miami Prosecutor Joins Clinton List for Justice Dept. New York Times A20

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (DeWeerdt 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Stoltz and Whitfield 2009; DeWeerdt 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stoltz and Whitfield 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Chaudhury et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Maritime Archaeology
AbbreviationJ. Marit. Archaeol.
ISSN (print)1557-2285
ISSN (online)1557-2293

Other styles