How to format your references using the Journal of Maritime Archaeology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Maritime Archaeology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hawkins JM (2015) Organic chemistry: Streamlining drug synthesis. Nature 520:302–303
A journal article with 2 authors
Demaine LJ, Fellmeth AX (2003) Patent law. Natural substances and patentable inventions. Science 300:1375–1376
A journal article with 3 authors
Bertotti B, Iess L, Tortora P (2003) A test of general relativity using radio links with the Cassini spacecraft. Nature 425:374–376
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Takahashi KS, Gabay M, Jaccard D, et al (2006) Local switching of two-dimensional superconductivity using the ferroelectric field effect. Nature 441:195–198

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yavaş M (2011) Applied English Phonology. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Perner P, Salvetti O (eds) (2008) Advances in Mass Data Analysis of Images and Signals in Medicine, Biotechnology, Chemistry and Food Industry: Third International Conference, MDA 2008 Leipzig, Germany, July 14, 2008 Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Giraud O, Georgeot B, Martin J (2009) Entanglement and Localization of Wavefunctions. In: Casati G, Matrasulov D (eds) Complex Phenomena in Nanoscale Systems. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 51–63

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Maritime Archaeology.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) Scientists Discover 20 Shark Pups In The First Tiger Shark Sonogram Ever. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992) Tax Systems Modernization: Progress Mixed In Addressing Critical Success Factors. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Finley S (2014) How online communication and social media networking are used in alcohol use treatment. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear MD, Cooper H, Schmitt E (2017) White House Claims Syria Is Preparing Poison Attack. New York Times A8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hawkins 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Demaine and Fellmeth 2003; Hawkins 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Demaine and Fellmeth 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Takahashi et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Maritime Archaeology
AbbreviationJ. Marit. Archaeol.
ISSN (print)1557-2285
ISSN (online)1557-2293

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