How to format your references using the Journal of Maritime Archaeology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Maritime Archaeology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kenyon G (2001) Major UK cancer research charities to consider merger. Nature 409:4
A journal article with 2 authors
Hoefel F, Elgar S (2003) Wave-induced sediment transport and sandbar migration. Science 299:1885–1887
A journal article with 3 authors
Christeson GL, McIntosh KD, Karson JA (2007) Inconsistent correlation of seismic layer 2a and lava layer thickness in oceanic crust. Nature 445:418–421
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Brody DL, Magnoni S, Schwetye KE, et al (2008) Amyloid-beta dynamics correlate with neurological status in the injured human brain. Science 321:1221–1224

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Phillips JJ, Phillips P, Pulliam A (2014) Measuring ROI in Environment, Health, and Safety. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Carmona RA, Del Moral P, Hu P, Oudjane N (eds) (2012) Numerical Methods in Finance: Bordeaux, June 2010. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Reichenbächer M, Popp J (2012) Molecular Structure Determination by Means of Combined Application of Methods. In: Popp J (ed) Challenges in Molecular Structure Determination. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 313–437

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Maritime Archaeology.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) Neurons and a Nerve Discovered in the Sex Organs of Male Spiders. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2000) Slotting Fees: Effort to Study the Use of These Payments in the Grocery Industry. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Baumgarten DK (2013) An Examination of the Relationship between Collegiate Student-Athlete’s Leadership Role in the Athletic Setting and Their Academic Success. Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines GG (2016) A Showrunner’s Geek Heaven. New York Times D11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kenyon 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Kenyon 2001; Hoefel and Elgar 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hoefel and Elgar 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Brody et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Maritime Archaeology
AbbreviationJ. Marit. Archaeol.
ISSN (print)1557-2285
ISSN (online)1557-2293

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