How to format your references using the Journal of Maritime Archaeology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Maritime Archaeology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Calvert P (2007) Materials science. Printing cells. Science 318:208–209
A journal article with 2 authors
Edenhofer O, Minx J (2014) Climate policy. Mapmakers and navigators, facts and values. Science 345:37–38
A journal article with 3 authors
Nisbet EG, Dlugokencky EJ, Bousquet P (2014) Atmospheric science. Methane on the rise--again. Science 343:493–495
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Yaveroğlu ÖN, Malod-Dognin N, Davis D, et al (2014) Revealing the hidden language of complex networks. Sci Rep 4:4547

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Saksena FB (2015) Patient Studies in Valvular, Congenital, and Rarer Forms of Cardiovascular Disease. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Badolato R, Sozzani S (eds) (2006) Lymphocyte Trafficking in Health and Disease. Birkhäuser, Basel
A chapter in an edited book
Apeldoorn D (2015) A Spatio-Temporal Multiagent Simulation Framework for Reusing Agents in Different Kinds of Scenarios. In: Müller JP, Ketter W, Kaminka G, et al. (eds) Multiagent System Technologies: 13th German Conference, MATES 2015, Cottbus, Germany, September 28 - 30, 2015, Revised Selected Papers. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 79–97

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Maritime Archaeology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Scientists Create Simple Artificial ‘Cell’ Capable Of Spontaneous Movement. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2014) Information Technology: IRS Needs to Improve the Reliability and Transparency of Reported Investment Information. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ismail A-R (2009) Assessing the relationship between the Internet, radio frequency identifier (RFID), and information technology (IT) flexibility: A correlational study and findings. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2010) Family and Friendship In Stately Victor’s Name. New York Times B15

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Calvert 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Calvert 2007; Edenhofer and Minx 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Edenhofer and Minx 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Yaveroğlu et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Maritime Archaeology
AbbreviationJ. Marit. Archaeol.
ISSN (print)1557-2285
ISSN (online)1557-2293

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