How to format your references using the Current Medicine Research and Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Medicine Research and Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baker M. Genomics: Genomes in three dimensions. Nature. 2011;470(7333):289-294.
A journal article with 2 authors
He X-L, Garcia KC. Structure of nerve growth factor complexed with the shared neurotrophin receptor p75. Science. 2004;304(5672):870-875.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kim J-H, Yoneya M, Yokoyama H. Tristable nematic liquid-crystal device using micropatterned surface alignment. Nature. 2002;420(6912):159-162.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Mu Y, Yang H-Y, Wang Y-Z, et al. The maximum specific hydrogen-producing activity of anaerobic mixed cultures: definition and determination. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5239.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Parker D. International Valuation Standards. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
Penn JS, ed. Retinal and Choroidal Angiogenesis. Springer Netherlands; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Eysenbach G. Using the Internet for Surveys and Research. In: Anderson JG, Aydin CE, eds. Evaluating the Organizational Impact of Healthcare Information Systems. Health Informatics. Springer; 2005:129-143.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Medicine Research and Practice.

Blog post
Davis J. Charging For Plastic Bags In England Leads To An 85 Percent Drop In Their Use. IFLScience. Published August 2, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. ASCS Needs Better Information To Adequately Assess Proposed County and State Office Automation. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1984.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rice HJ. Before the Storm: Evacuation Intention and Audience Segmentation. Published online 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lehman S. The Big Try-On. New York Times. November 11, 2016:F4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Medicine Research and Practice
AbbreviationCurr. Med. Res. Pr.
ISSN (print)2352-0817

Other styles