How to format your references using the Current Medicine Research and Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Medicine Research and Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lindenberger U. Human cognitive aging: corriger la fortune? Science. 2014;346(6209):572-578.
A journal article with 2 authors
Armitage AE, Drakesmith H. Genetics. The battle for iron. Science. 2014;346(6215):1299-1300.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fuller PM, Lu J, Saper CB. Differential rescue of light- and food-entrainable circadian rhythms. Science. 2008;320(5879):1074-1077.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ventura M, Antonacci F, Cardone MF, et al. Evolutionary formation of new centromeres in macaque. Science. 2007;316(5822):243-246.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Broome J. Weighing Goods. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2017.
An edited book
Voitkiv A. Relativistic Collisions of Structured Atomic Particles. Vol 49. (Ullrich J, ed.). Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Amaris H, Alonso M, Ortega CA. Voltage Stability in Power Networks with Wind Power Generation. In: Alonso M, Alvarez Ortega C, eds. Reactive Power Management of Power Networks with Wind Generation. Lecture Notes in Energy. Springer; 2013:77-95.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Medicine Research and Practice.

Blog post
Andrews R. Scientists Capture the Roar of a Lionfish for the First Time. It’s Quite Something. IFLScience. Published May 15, 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Video Marketplace: Competition Is Evolving, and Government Reporting Should Be Reevaluated. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2013.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bryant JD. The Investigation of Self-Determination in Students Participating in Higher Education with an Invisible Disability. Doctoral dissertation. Lindenwood University; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt) SK. World Briefing | Europe: Moldova: Parliament Tells Russia To Pull Troops. New York Times. June 11, 2005:A5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Medicine Research and Practice
AbbreviationCurr. Med. Res. Pr.
ISSN (print)2352-0817

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