How to format your references using the AIDS Care citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for AIDS Care. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
DePinho, R. A. (2000). The age of cancer. Nature, 408(6809), 248–254.
A journal article with 2 authors
Katan, M. B., & de Roos, N. M. (2003). Public health. Toward evidence-based health claims for foods. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5604), 206–207.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gordon, A. L., Susanto, R. D., & Vranes, K. (2003). Cool Indonesian throughflow as a consequence of restricted surface layer flow. Nature, 425(6960), 824–828.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
De Wilde, Y., Formanek, F., Carminati, R., Gralak, B., Lemoine, P.-A., Joulain, K., Mulet, J.-P., Chen, Y., & Greffet, J.-J. (2006). Thermal radiation scanning tunnelling microscopy. Nature, 444(7120), 740–743.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Moeller, R. (2010). IT Audit, Control, and Security. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Flechtner, F., Sneeuw, N., & Schuh, W.-D. (Eds.). (2014). Observation of the System Earth from Space - CHAMP, GRACE, GOCE and future missions: GEOTECHNOLOGIEN Science Report No. 20. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Evans, A. A., & Levine, A. J. (2015). Membrane Rheology. In S. E. Spagnolie (Ed.), Complex Fluids in Biological Systems: Experiment, Theory, and Computation (pp. 159–186). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for AIDS Care.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2016, December 1). Why Running Could Keep You Awake At Night. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000). National Airspace System: Problems Plaguing the Wide Area Augmentation System and FAA’s Actions to Address Them (T-RCED-00-229). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Manzanares, M. E. (2012). Effect of a preoperative multidisciplinary education program on weight management after bariatric surgery [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2006, January 12). A 1986 Case Could Aid Appeals Along Death Row. New York Times, A28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (DePinho, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (DePinho, 2000; Katan & de Roos, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Katan & de Roos, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Gordon et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (De Wilde et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleAIDS Care
AbbreviationAIDS Care
ISSN (print)0954-0121
ISSN (online)1360-0451
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Social Psychology
Health(social science)

Other styles