How to format your references using the AIDS Care citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for AIDS Care. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Steig, E. J. (2001). Paleoclimate. No two latitudes alike. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5537), 2015–2016.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hinchliffe, P., & Sazanov, L. A. (2005). Organization of iron-sulfur clusters in respiratory complex I. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5735), 771–774.
A journal article with 3 authors
Srianand, R., Petitjean, P., & Ledoux, C. (2000). The cosmic microwave background radiation temperature at a redshift of 2.34. Nature, 408(6815), 931–935.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Choi, S. B., Wang, C., Muench, D. G., Ozawa, K., Franceschi, V. R., Wu, Y., & Okita, T. W. (2000). Messenger RNA targeting of rice seed storage proteins to specific ER subdomains. Nature, 407(6805), 765–767.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
AIChE Equipment Testing Procedure. (1987). Tray Distillation Columns. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Beushausen, H., & Fernandez Luco, L. (Eds.). (2016). Performance-Based Specifications and Control of Concrete Durability: State-of-the-Art Report RILEM TC 230-PSC (1st ed. 2016, Vol. 18). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Papaioannou, G. C., & McHugh, K. J. (2014). Imaging Principles in Pediatric Oncology. In A. D. Gouliamos, J. Andreou, & P. Kosmidis (Eds.), Imaging in Clinical Oncology (pp. 65–71). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for AIDS Care.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, April 23). New Mineral Discovered With A Unique Composition. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2016). Polar Weather Satellites: NOAA Is Working to Ensure Continuity but Needs to Quickly Address Information Security Weaknesses and Future Program Uncertainties (GAO-16-359). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jordan, V. S. (2017). A Mixed Methodology Exploration of White Female Pre-Service Teachers’ Discussions of Race and Gender through Presentations of Counternarratives in Children’s Literature Books [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker, A. L., & Mueller, B. (2016, January 26). Suspect in Machete Killing Said Neighbors Spied on Him, Officials Say. New York Times, A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Steig, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Hinchliffe & Sazanov, 2005; Steig, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hinchliffe & Sazanov, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Srianand et al., 2000)
  • 6 or more authors: (Choi et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleAIDS Care
AbbreviationAIDS Care
ISSN (print)0954-0121
ISSN (online)1360-0451
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Social Psychology
Health(social science)

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