How to format your references using the AIDS Care citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for AIDS Care. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mokyr, J. (2015). ECONOMICS. Intellectuals and the rise of the modern economy. Science (New York, N.Y.), 349(6244), 141–142.
A journal article with 2 authors
Derry, L. A., & Murray, R. W. (2004). Geochemistry. Continental margins and the sulfur cycle. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5666), 1981–1982.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bai, S., Xu, Q., & Qin, Y. (2013). Vibration driven vehicle inspired from grass spike. Scientific Reports, 3, 1851.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wild, E. M., Teschler-Nicola, M., Kutschera, W., Steier, P., Trinkaus, E., & Wanek, W. (2005). Direct dating of Early Upper Palaeolithic human remains from Mladec. Nature, 435(7040), 332–335.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lindahl, D. (2008). Trump University Commercial Real Estate 101. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Chakrabarti, A. (Ed.). (2015). ICoRD’15 – Research into Design Across Boundaries Volume 2: Creativity, Sustainability, DfX, Enabling Technologies, Management and Applications (Vol. 35). Springer India.
A chapter in an edited book
Bošnački, D., Pronk, T. E., & de Vink, E. P. (2009). In Silico Modelling and Analysis of Ribosome Kinetics and aa-tRNA Competition. In C. Priami, R.-J. Back, & I. Petre (Eds.), Transactions on Computational Systems Biology XI (pp. 69–89). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for AIDS Care.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, May 17). Why You Should Always Shake Hands With A Robot. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2002). Teacher Training Programs: Activities Underway to Improve Teacher Training, but Information Collected To Assess Accountability Has Limitations (GAO-03-197T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fine, J. G. (2017). Magical Transformation or Illusion of Grandeur: The Development of Downtown West Palm Beach, 1985-2015 [Doctoral dissertation]. Florida Atlantic University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C. (2012, November 25). Girding for Anniversary Of Tragedy in Dallas. New York Times, A29B.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mokyr, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Derry & Murray, 2004; Mokyr, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Derry & Murray, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Bai et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Wild et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleAIDS Care
AbbreviationAIDS Care
ISSN (print)0954-0121
ISSN (online)1360-0451
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Social Psychology
Health(social science)

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