How to format your references using the Journal of Marine Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Marine Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Trewavas A (2002) Malthus foiled again and again. Nature 418:668–670
A journal article with 2 authors
Yusufzai T, Kadonaga JT (2008) HARP is an ATP-driven annealing helicase. Science 322:748–750
A journal article with 3 authors
Ng B, Cai W, Walsh K (2014) The role of the SST-thermocline relationship in Indian Ocean Dipole skewness and its response to global warming. Sci Rep 4:6034
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Itoh H, Takahashi A, Adachi K, et al (2004) Mechanically driven ATP synthesis by F1-ATPase. Nature 427:465–468

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ramamoorti S, Morrison DE III, Koletar JW, Pope KR (2013) A.B.C.’s of Behavioral Forensics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Cunha JC, Rana OF (2006) Grid Computing: Software Environments and Tools. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
Wu XB, Wu XH, Guo JH, et al (2015) Polyanion Compounds as Cathode Materials for Li-Ion Batteries. In: Zhang Z, Zhang SS (eds) Rechargeable Batteries: Materials, Technologies and New Trends. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 93–134

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Marine Science and Technology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2016) This Earpiece Translator Claims To Let You Talk To People In A Foreign Language. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2013) Data Center Consolidation: Strengthened Oversight Needed to Achieve Billions of Dollars in Savings. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Odom SA (2017) Electronic health records: Overcoming obstacles to improve acceptance and utilization for mental health clinicians. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L (2007) Justices Take Up Discretion Of the Courts in Sentencing. New York Times A22

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Marine Science and Technology
AbbreviationJ. Mar. Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)0948-4280
ISSN (online)1437-8213
Mechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Ocean Engineering

Other styles