How to format your references using the Journal of Marine Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Marine Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Barabási A-L (2009) Scale-free networks: a decade and beyond. Science 325:412–413
A journal article with 2 authors
Milinski M, Rockenbach B (2007) Economics. Spying on others evolves. Science 317:464–465
A journal article with 3 authors
He Y, Michaels SD, Amasino RM (2003) Regulation of flowering time by histone acetylation in Arabidopsis. Science 302:1751–1754
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Yang L, Wang S, Blinn K, et al (2009) Enhanced sulfur and coking tolerance of a mixed ion conductor for SOFCs: BaZr(0.1)Ce(0.7)Y(0.2-x)Yb(x)O(3-delta). Science 326:126–129

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jeong H (2014) Architectures for Computer Vision. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Singapore
An edited book
Kitchen J, Tidwell D, Fitzgerald L (2016) Self-Study and Diversity II: Inclusive Teacher Education for a Diverse World. SensePublishers, Rotterdam
A chapter in an edited book
Karaenke P, Schuele M, Micsik A, Kipp A (2012) Inter-organizational Interoperability through Integration of Multiagent, Web Service, and Semantic Web Technologies. In: Fischer K, Müller JP, Levy R (eds) Agent-Based Technologies and Applications for Enterprise Interoperability: International Workshops ATOP 2009, Budapest, Hungary, May 12, 2009, and ATOP 2010, Toronto, ON, Canada, May 10, 2010, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 55–75

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Marine Science and Technology.

Blog post
Luntz S (2015) First Extrasolar Reflected Starlight Detected. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995) Weather Forecasting: Radar Availability Requirement Not Being Met. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Best ML (2013) Assistant Principals and Reform: A Socialization Paradox? Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B (2017) LCD Soundsystem Tops Album Chart. New York Times C3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Marine Science and Technology
AbbreviationJ. Mar. Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)0948-4280
ISSN (online)1437-8213
Mechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Ocean Engineering

Other styles