How to format your references using the Journal of Marine Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Marine Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Konecky B (2015) Palaeoclimate: Monsoon matters. Nature 517:445–446
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Knox AL, Brown NH (2002) Rap1 GTPase regulation of adherens junction positioning and cell adhesion. Science 295:1285–1288
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Hu Y, Lee CC, Ribbe MW (2011) Extending the carbon chain: hydrocarbon formation catalyzed by vanadium/molybdenum nitrogenases. Science 333:753–755
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Chiu Y-L, Soros VB, Kreisberg JF, et al (2005) Cellular APOBEC3G restricts HIV-1 infection in resting CD4+ T cells. Nature 435:108–114

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Fernando XN (2014) Radio Over Fiber for Wireless Communications. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
Yuz JI (2014) Sampled-Data Models for Linear and Nonlinear Systems. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Eadie MJ, Vajda F (2016) Commonly Used Newer Antiepileptic Drugs. In: Vajda F (ed) Antiepileptic Drugs and Pregnancy: A Guide for Prescribers. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 67–85

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Marine Science and Technology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2014) Deadly Boomslang Snake Venom Makes You Bleed From All Of Your Orifices Until You Die. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/deadly-boomslang-snake-venom-makes-you-bleed-all-your-orifices-until-you-die/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2007) Business Systems Modernization: Strategy for Evolving DOD’s Business Enterprise Architecture Offers a Conceptual Approach, but Execution Details Are Needed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Rankinen WA (2014) The Sociophonetic and Acoustic Vowel Dynamics of Michigan’s Upper Peninsula English. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Etheredge P by G (2016) Nighttime Windows. New York Times RE12

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Marine Science and Technology
AbbreviationJ. Mar. Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)0948-4280
ISSN (online)1437-8213
ScopeOceanography
Mechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Ocean Engineering

Other styles