How to format your references using the Journal of Marine Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Marine Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Bollinger JM Jr (2008) Biochemistry. Electron relay in proteins. Science 320:1730–1731
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Pujol B, Pannell JR (2008) Reduced responses to selection after species range expansion. Science 321:96
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Martens S, Kozlov MM, McMahon HT (2007) How synaptotagmin promotes membrane fusion. Science 316:1205–1208
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Marlar RA, Leonard BL, Billman BR, et al (2000) Biochemical evidence of cannibalism at a prehistoric Puebloan site in southwestern Colorado. Nature 407:74–78

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Ergül Ö, Gürel L (2014) The Multilevel Fast Multipole Algorithm (MLFMA) for Solving Large-Scale Computational Electromagnetics Problems. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
Povh B (2015) Particles and Nuclei: An Introduction to the Physical Concepts, 7th ed. 2015. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Yuen K-Y, Wong SSY, Peiris JSM (2007) The Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome. In: Fong IW, Alibeck K (eds) New and Evolving Infections of the 21st Century. Springer, New York, NY, pp 163–193

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Marine Science and Technology.

Blog post
1.
Hamilton K (2016) Why Sex Gets Better In Older Age. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/why-sex-gets-better-in-older-age/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2015) GPS: Actions Needed to Address Ground System Development Problems and User Equipment Production Readiness. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Hunt SA (2012) A study of health care payment organizations’ culture and adaptability to revolutionary change. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Murphy MJO (2014) Friday File. New York Times C32

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Marine Science and Technology
AbbreviationJ. Mar. Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)0948-4280
ISSN (online)1437-8213
ScopeOceanography
Mechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Ocean Engineering

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