How to format your references using the Journal of Pollination Ecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pollination Ecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Richardson DJ (2010) Applied physics. Filling the light pipe. Science (New York, N.Y.) 330:327–328.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chander R, Mervis J (2001) The bottom line for U.S. life scientists. Science (New York, N.Y.) 294:395.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wigginton N, Yeston J, Malakoff D (2012) Working with waste. More treasure than trash. Introduction. Science (New York, N.Y.) 337:662–663.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Allen CDC, Okada T, Tang HL, Cyster JG (2007) Imaging of germinal center selection events during affinity maturation. Science (New York, N.Y.) 315:528–531.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sadr A (2009) Interest Rate Swaps and Their Derivatives. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Brumme R, Khanna PK (Eds) (2009) Functioning and Management of European Beech Ecosystems. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Kim HJ, Lee Y, Kim H-H (2013) Intracellular Calcium Signaling for Osteoclast Differentiation. In: Choi Y (ed) Osteoimmunology: Interactions of the Immune and Skeletal Systems. Springer, New York, NY, pp 23–30.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pollination Ecology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Watch A Katana-Wielding Robot Battle A Human Samurai Sword Master. IFLScience [online] URL: (accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007) Airport Finance: Observations on Planned Airport Development Costs and Funding Levels and the Administration’s Proposed Changes in the Airport Improvement Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Olson BA (2012) Problem Management: A System Engineering Management Framework. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Otis J (2016) Raising 5 Sons Alone, 3 With Autism, Takes a Toll. New York Times:A27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Richardson 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Chander & Mervis 2001; Richardson 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chander & Mervis 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Allen et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pollination Ecology
AbbreviationJ. Pollinat. Ecol.
ISSN (print)1920-7603

Other styles