How to format your references using the Journal of Pollination Ecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pollination Ecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Graham-Rowe D (2011) Biodiversity: Endangered and in demand. Nature 480:S101-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kai L, Kaldenhoff R (2014) A refined model of water and CO₂ membrane diffusion: effects and contribution of sterols and proteins. Scientific reports 4:6665.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zarnetske PL, Skelly DK, Urban MC (2012) Ecology. Biotic multipliers of climate change. Science (New York, N.Y.) 336:1516–1518.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Baker DN, Kanekal SG, Li X, Monk SP, Goldstein J, Burch JL (2004) An extreme distortion of the Van Allen belt arising from the “Hallowe’en” solar storm in 2003. Nature 432:878–881.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schumann W (2006) Dynamics of the Bacterial Chromosome. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Mattei P (2016) Secular Institutions, Islam and Education Policy: France and the U.S. in Comparative Perspective Aguilar AS (ed). Palgrave Macmillan UK, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Braßel B, Christiansen J (2008) A Relation Algebraic Semantics for a Lazy Functional Logic Language. In: Berghammer R, Möller B, Struth G (eds) Relations and Kleene Algebra in Computer Science: 10th International Conference on Relational Methods in Computer Science, and 5th International Conference on Applications of Kleene Algebra, RelMiCS/AKA 2008, Frauenwörth, Germany, April 7-11, 2008. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 37–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pollination Ecology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Dogs Feel Jealousy. IFLScience [online] URL: (accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988) Railroad Safety: Reporting Time Frames and Results of Post-Accident Drug Tests. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McCorkle WB (2005) Tongue, Nib, Block, Bit: Rhetorical Delivery and Technologies of Writing. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Semple K, Correal A (2015) The Extent of Losses Begins to Come Into Focus for Families, Friends and Residents. New York Times:A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Graham-Rowe 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Graham-Rowe 2011; Kai & Kaldenhoff 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kai & Kaldenhoff 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Baker et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pollination Ecology
AbbreviationJ. Pollinat. Ecol.
ISSN (print)1920-7603

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