How to format your references using the Journal of Pollination Ecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pollination Ecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bobrow M (2013) Balancing privacy with public benefit. Nature 500:123.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dye C, Williams BG (2010) The population dynamics and control of tuberculosis. Science (New York, N.Y.) 328:856–861.
A journal article with 3 authors
Heierli J, Gumbsch P, Zaiser M (2008) Anticrack nucleation as triggering mechanism for snow slab avalanches. Science (New York, N.Y.) 321:240–243.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tanaka M, Collins SR, Toyama BH, Weissman JS (2006) The physical basis of how prion conformations determine strain phenotypes. Nature 442:585–589.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dimitriadis G (2017) Introduction to Nonlinear Aeroelasticity. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Hart WE, Smith JE, Krasnogor N (Eds) (2005) Recent Advances in Memetic Algorithms. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Quang NP, Dittrich J-A (2008) Dynamic current feedback control for fast torque impression in drive systems. In: Dittrich J-A (ed) Vector Control of Three-Phase AC Machines: System Development in the Practice. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 143–183.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pollination Ecology.

Blog post
Luntz S (2014) Solar Storms Could Hit Earth This Friday 13th. IFLScience [online] URL: (accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008) Research and Development: DOE Could Enhance the Project Selection Process for Government Oil and Natural Gas Research. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pyzdrowski JE (2017) Experiences of Advisors/Mentors in Developing Leadership Emergence in a Post Conflict, Marginalized Society: A Phenomenological Study. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sanger DE, Rosenberg M, Schmidt MS (2017) Republicans Join Calls for Independent Investigator. New York Times:A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bobrow 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Dye & Williams 2010; Bobrow 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dye & Williams 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Tanaka et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pollination Ecology
AbbreviationJ. Pollinat. Ecol.
ISSN (print)1920-7603

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