How to format your references using the Journal of Pollination Ecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pollination Ecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Carpenter S (2007) Science careers. Carving a career in translational research. Science (New York, N.Y.) 317:966–967.
A journal article with 2 authors
Xu G, Long G (2014) Universal nonadiabatic geometric gates in two-qubit decoherence-free subspaces. Scientific reports 4:6814.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang J, Ewing RC, Becker U (2014) Average structure and local configuration of excess oxygen in UO(2+x). Scientific reports 4:4216.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Keung AJ, Dong M, Schaffer DV, Kumar S (2013) Pan-neuronal maturation but not neuronal subtype differentiation of adult neural stem cells is mechanosensitive. Scientific reports 3:1817.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Klepinger LL (2006) Fundamentals of Forensic Anthropology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Agarwal RP (2014) Regularity of Difference Equations on Banach Spaces Cuevas C, Lizama C (eds). Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Siegel J (2011) The Roles of Hypocretin/Orexin in Narcolepsy, Parkinson’s Disease, and Normal Behavior. In: Baumann CR, Bassetti CL, Scammell TE (eds) Narcolepsy: Pathophysiology, Diagnosis, and Treatment. Springer, New York, NY, pp 37–45.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pollination Ecology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2015) This Boy Was Arrested For Bringing A Clock To Class - And Now He’s Been Invited To The White House. IFLScience [online] URL: (accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991) Aging Aircraft Maintenance: Additional FAA Oversight Needed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Warren SM (2015) The leadership process: An analysis of follower influence on leader behavior in hospital organizations. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland W by J (2017) Silence Is Golden. New York Times:MB7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Carpenter 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Carpenter 2007; Xu & Long 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Xu & Long 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Keung et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pollination Ecology
AbbreviationJ. Pollinat. Ecol.
ISSN (print)1920-7603

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