How to format your references using the IZA Journal of Labor Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IZA Journal of Labor Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chait BT (2006) Chemistry. Mass spectrometry: bottom-up or top-down? Science 314:65–66
A journal article with 2 authors
Remy J-J, Hobert O (2005) An interneuronal chemoreceptor required for olfactory imprinting in C. elegans. Science 309:787–790
A journal article with 3 authors
Han C, Ding H, Lv F (2014) Demonstration of a refractometric sensor based on an optical micro-fiber three-beam interferometer. Sci Rep 4:7504
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Deb K, Sivaguru M, Yong HY, Roberts RM (2006) Cdx2 gene expression and trophectoderm lineage specification in mouse embryos. Science 311:992–996

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Greiman VA (2013) Megaproject Management. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Casu B (2016) Building Societies in the Financial Services Industry. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London
A chapter in an edited book
Crozier PA, Miller BK (2016) Spectroscopy of Solids, Gases, and Liquids in the ETEM. In: Hansen TW, Wagner JB (eds) Controlled Atmosphere Transmission Electron Microscopy: Principles and Practice. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 95–141

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IZA Journal of Labor Policy.

Blog post
Davis J (2016) This Polymer Can Change Shape By Itself. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995) Advance Sheets: Volume 74, Decisions of the Comptroller General of the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Arzaga CB (2012) Homeless shelter program for the elderly in Los Angeles, California: A grant writing project. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B (2017) An Everyman in Crisis. New York Times C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chait 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Remy and Hobert 2005; Chait 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Remy and Hobert 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Deb et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleIZA Journal of Labor Policy
AbbreviationIZA J. Labor Policy
ISSN (online)2193-9004

Other styles