How to format your references using the IZA Journal of Labor Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IZA Journal of Labor Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lehmann J (2007) A handful of carbon. Nature 447:143–144
A journal article with 2 authors
Bruick RK, McKnight SL (2001) A conserved family of prolyl-4-hydroxylases that modify HIF. Science 294:1337–1340
A journal article with 3 authors
Tahir M, MacKinnon A, Schwingenschlögl U (2014) Novel spectral features of nanoelectromechanical systems. Sci Rep 4:4035
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Bignami GF, Caraveo PA, De Luca A, Mereghetti S (2003) The magnetic field of an isolated neutron star from X-ray cyclotron absorption lines. Nature 423:725–727

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Münch V (2009) Patente, Marken, Design von A bis Z. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, D-69451 Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Härdle WK (2014) Basics of Modern Mathematical Statistics: Exercises and Solutions. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Schmidt K-H (2015) University Studies at Hardenberg’s and Humboldt’s Time and the Professionalization of University Studies Today. In: Backhaus JG (ed) The University According to Humboldt: History, Policy, and Future Possibilities. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 53–65

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IZA Journal of Labor Policy.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2016) The Maths Behind “Impossible’ Never-Repeating Patterns. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995) Federal Aviation Administration: Issues Related to FAA Reform. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Caballero Suarez OL (2008) Effects of ion correlations in high density plasmas: Neutrino scattering and transport properties in supernovae and neutron star crusts. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander S (2000) Missed Opportunities Are the Liberty’s Downfall. New York Times D5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lehmann 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Bruick and McKnight 2001; Lehmann 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bruick and McKnight 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Bignami et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleIZA Journal of Labor Policy
AbbreviationIZA J. Labor Policy
ISSN (online)2193-9004

Other styles