How to format your references using the IZA Journal of Labor Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IZA Journal of Labor Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tracey KJ (2011) Cell biology. Ancient neurons regulate immunity. Science 332:673–674
A journal article with 2 authors
Ernst MO, Banks MS (2002) Humans integrate visual and haptic information in a statistically optimal fashion. Nature 415:429–433
A journal article with 3 authors
Morris M, Uchida K, Do T (2006) A magnetic torsional wave near the Galactic Centre traced by a “double helix” nebula. Nature 440:308–310
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Alkhotani A, Eldin EEMN, Zaghloul A, Mujahid S (2014) Evaluation of neonatal jaundice in the Makkah region. Sci Rep 4:4802

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shreves R (2009) Joomla!® Bible. Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, IN, USA
An edited book
Graziani F (ed) (2008) Computational Methods in Transport: Verification and Validation. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Kuchmann-Beauger N, Aufaure M-A (2011) Structured Data-Based Q&A System Using Surface Patterns. In: Christiansen H, Tré GD, Yazici A, et al. (eds) Flexible Query Answering Systems: 9th International Conference, FQAS 2011, Ghent, Belgium, October 26-28, 2011 Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 37–48

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IZA Journal of Labor Policy.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Whether A Vaccine Will Work For You Could Be Written In Your Genes. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988) Telecommunications Privacy: GSA’s Planned FTS 2000 Telephone Record Controls Appear Reasonable. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garcia M (2009) Perception of Latino students by teachers and counselors in the educational system. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McWHORTER J (2017) How to Listen to Donald Trump Every Day for Years. New York Times SR1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tracey 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Ernst and Banks 2002; Tracey 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ernst and Banks 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Alkhotani et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleIZA Journal of Labor Policy
AbbreviationIZA J. Labor Policy
ISSN (online)2193-9004

Other styles