How to format your references using the IZA Journal of Labor Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IZA Journal of Labor Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Guo X (2009) Comment on “Colossal ionic conductivity at interfaces of epitaxial ZrO2:Y2O3/SrTiO3 heterostructures.” Science 324:465; author reply 465
A journal article with 2 authors
Lansbury PT, Lashuel HA (2006) A century-old debate on protein aggregation and neurodegeneration enters the clinic. Nature 443:774–779
A journal article with 3 authors
Aspinwall LG, Brown TR, Tabery J (2012) The double-edged sword: does biomechanism increase or decrease judges’ sentencing of psychopaths? Science 337:846–849
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Segura TL, Toon OB, Colaprete A, Zahnle K (2002) Environmental effects of large impacts on Mars. Science 298:1977–1980

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cooney N (2015) How to Be Great at Doing Good. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Alexandrov VN, Albada GD van, Sloot PMA, Dongarra J (eds) (2006) Computational Science – ICCS 2006: 6th International Conference, Reading, UK, May 28-31, 2006. Proceedings, Part III. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Fort J, Isern N, Jerardino A, Rondelli B (2016) Population Spread and Cultural Transmission in Neolithic Transitions. In: Barceló JA, Del Castillo F (eds) Simulating Prehistoric and Ancient Worlds. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 189–197

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IZA Journal of Labor Policy.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) This Is Why You Should Always Keep Your Distance From Large Animals. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2011) Nextgen Air Transportation System: Mechanisms for Collaboration and Technology Transfer Could Be Enhanced to More Fully Leverage Partner Agency and Industry Resources. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ready C (2014) Preventing childhood obesity in foster children: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saulny S (2003) Lawyer Faces New Charges Of Giving Support to Terrorist. New York Times B9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Guo 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Lansbury and Lashuel 2006; Guo 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lansbury and Lashuel 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Segura et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleIZA Journal of Labor Policy
AbbreviationIZA J. Labor Policy
ISSN (online)2193-9004

Other styles