How to format your references using the IZA Journal of Labor Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IZA Journal of Labor Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P (2004) Looking for a fast track. Nature 431:381
A journal article with 2 authors
Joshi NS, Jacks T (2013) Immunology. Guilty by association. Science 339:1160–1161
A journal article with 3 authors
Losos JB, Hillis DM, Greene HW (2012) Evolution. Who speaks with a forked tongue? Science 338:1428–1429
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Gergen B, Nienhaus H, Weinberg WH, McFarland EW (2001) Chemically induced electronic excitations at metal surfaces. Science 294:2521–2523

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Valizadeh P (2016) Field Effect Transistors, A Comprehensive Overview. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Rajasekaran S (ed) (2009) Bioinformatics and Computational Biology: First International Conference, BICoB 2009, New Orleans, LA, USA, April 8-10, 2009. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Tsai JW, Moors T (2009) Opportunistic Multipath Routing in Wireless Mesh Networks. In: Bartolini N, Nikoletseas S, Sinha P, et al. (eds) Quality of Service in Heterogeneous Networks: 6th International ICST Conference on Heterogeneous Networking for Quality, Reliability, Security and Robustness, QShine 2009 and 3rd International Workshop on Advanced Architectures and Algorithms for Internet Delivery and Applications, AAA-IDEA 2009, Las Palmas, Gran Canaria, November 23-25, 2009 Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 71–85

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IZA Journal of Labor Policy.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) Genome of Earth’s Longest-Lived Mammal Sequenced. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2012) Highway Infrastructure: Federal-State Partnership Produces Benefits and Poses Oversight Risks. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Joseph WR (2002) Physical Characterization of Vernix Caseosa: Implications for Biological Function. Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L (2007) Justices Overturn $79.5 Million in Punitive Damages Against Philip Morris. New York Times A14

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik 2004; Joshi and Jacks 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Joshi and Jacks 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Gergen et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleIZA Journal of Labor Policy
AbbreviationIZA J. Labor Policy
ISSN (online)2193-9004

Other styles