How to format your references using the Journal of Marine and Island Cultures citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Marine and Island Cultures. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Conner, J.K., 2002. Genetic mechanisms of floral trait correlations in a natural population. Nature 420, 407–410.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tirlapur, U.K., König, K., 2002. Targeted transfection by femtosecond laser. Nature 418, 290–291.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tuffen, H., Smith, R., Sammonds, P.R., 2008. Evidence for seismogenic fracture of silicic magma. Nature 453, 511–514.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mahal, L.K., Charter, N.W., Angata, K., Fukuda, M., Koshland, D.E., Jr, Bertozzi, C.R., 2001. A small-molecule modulator of poly-alpha 2,8-sialic acid expression on cultured neurons and tumor cells. Science 294, 380–381.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Riegel, M., Kroeselberg, D., Chindapol, A., Premec, D., 2009. Deploying Mobile WiMAX. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Yehuda, S., Mostofsky, D.I. (Eds.), 2010. Iron Deficiency and Overload: From Basic Biology to Clinical Medicine, Nutrition and Health. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ.
A chapter in an edited book
Bachmeier, A., Siritanaratkul, B., Armstrong, F.A., 2015. Enzymes as Exploratory Catalysts in Artificial Photosynthesis, in: Rozhkova, E.A., Ariga, K. (Eds.), From Molecules to Materials: Pathways to Artificial Photosynthesis. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 99–123.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Marine and Island Cultures.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Scientists Engineer Bacteria To Produce A Renewable Biofuel [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1995. International Aviation: DOT Needs Better Data for Monitoring and Decisionmaking (No. T-RCED-95-240). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pelayo, A.Y., 2017. A program to increase health literacy for older Latino adults residing in La Habra, California: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2007. Chief Justice Is Admitted To Hospital After Seizure. New York Times A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Conner, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Conner, 2002; Tirlapur and König, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tirlapur and König, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Mahal et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Marine and Island Cultures
AbbreviationJ. Mar. Isl. Cult.
ISSN (print)2212-6821

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