How to format your references using the Journal of Marine and Island Cultures citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Marine and Island Cultures. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bloom, D.E., 2011. 7 billion and counting. Science 333, 562–569.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tyers, M., Mann, M., 2003. From genomics to proteomics. Nature 422, 193–197.
A journal article with 3 authors
Depue, B.E., Curran, T., Banich, M.T., 2007. Prefrontal regions orchestrate suppression of emotional memories via a two-phase process. Science 317, 215–219.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lin, K., Xing, J., Quan, L.N., de Arquer, F.P.G., Gong, X., Lu, J., Xie, L., Zhao, W., Zhang, D., Yan, C., Li, W., Liu, X., Lu, Y., Kirman, J., Sargent, E.H., Xiong, Q., Wei, Z., 2018. Perovskite light-emitting diodes with external quantum efficiency exceeding 20 per cent. Nature 562, 245–248.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ray Chaudhuri, N., Chaudhuri, B., Majumder, R., Yazdani, A., 2014. Multi-Terminal Direct-Current Grids. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Rocher, G., 2009. The Definitive Guide to Grails, Second Edition. ed. Apress, Berkeley, CA.
A chapter in an edited book
Benozzo, A., Carey, N., McKenna, T., Vicars, M., 2012. Gay and Queer Coming Out into Europe (Part 1), in: Vicars, M., McKenna, T., White, J. (Eds.), Discourse, Power, and Resistance Down Under, Transgressions. SensePublishers, Rotterdam, pp. 41–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Marine and Island Cultures.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. How Do Our Brains Reconstruct The Visual World? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1995. Advance Sheets: Volume 74, Decisions of the Comptroller General of the United States (No. OGC-95-10). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Laffitte, L., 2012. A Comparison of Pull-Out and Co-Teaching Models on the Reading Performance of Third through Fifth Grade Elementary Students with a Diagnosed Specific Learning Disability in Reading (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Choi, S., 2013. Vanishing Acts. New York Times BR25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bloom, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Bloom, 2011; Tyers and Mann, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tyers and Mann, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Lin et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Marine and Island Cultures
AbbreviationJ. Mar. Isl. Cult.
ISSN (print)2212-6821

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