How to format your references using the Journal of Marine and Island Cultures citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Marine and Island Cultures. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eisenstein, M., 2015. Artificial organs: Honey, I shrunk the lungs. Nature 519, S16-8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Birren, S.J., Marder, E., 2013. Neuroscience. Plasticity in the neurotransmitter repertoire. Science 340, 436–437.
A journal article with 3 authors
Suzuki, T., Asami, M., Perry, A.C.F., 2014. Asymmetric parental genome engineering by Cas9 during mouse meiotic exit. Sci. Rep. 4, 7621.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wright, C.F., Teichmann, S.A., Clarke, J., Dobson, C.M., 2005. The importance of sequence diversity in the aggregation and evolution of proteins. Nature 438, 878–881.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fisk, P., 2013. Chemical Risk Assessment. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Chakraborti, S., Dhalla, N.S. (Eds.), 2013. Proteases in Health and Disease, Advances in Biochemistry in Health and Disease. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Schomburg, H., Teichler, U., 2006. THE EDUCATIONAL PATHS AND ATTAINMENTS, in: Teichler, U. (Ed.), Higher Education and Graduate Employment in Europe: Results from Graduate Surveys from Twelve Countries, Higher Education Dynamics. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 29–34.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Marine and Island Cultures.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2017. Knowing Names Makes Cooperation More Likely [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. Social Security Administration: Software Development Process Improvements Started But Work Remains (No. AIMD-98-39). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alsobrook, J.A., 2013. Music Education in America: A Content Analysis and National Perspective of Standards-Based Outcomes for K–8 General Music (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2009. Hostesses as Recruiters? How Far Is Too Far? New York Times B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Eisenstein, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Birren and Marder, 2013; Eisenstein, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Birren and Marder, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Wright et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Marine and Island Cultures
AbbreviationJ. Mar. Isl. Cult.
ISSN (print)2212-6821

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