How to format your references using the Journal of Marine and Island Cultures citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Marine and Island Cultures. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Weston, W., 2002. Access to scientific literature. Nature 420, 19.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zheng, J., Jia, Z., 2013. Structural biology: tiny enzyme uses context to succeed. Nature 497, 445–446.
A journal article with 3 authors
Boulé, J.-B., Vega, L.R., Zakian, V.A., 2005. The yeast Pif1p helicase removes telomerase from telomeric DNA. Nature 438, 57–61.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tomita, K., Ishitani, R., Fukai, S., Nureki, O., 2006. Complete crystallographic analysis of the dynamics of CCA sequence addition. Nature 443, 956–960.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chappell, D., 2008. The JCT Minor Works Building Contracts 2005. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Anders, G., Vaccaro, A. (Eds.), 2011. Innovations in Power Systems Reliability, Springer Series in Reliability Engineering. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Bertola, P., Harfoush, N., Vacca, F., 2016. Charting Interdisciplinary Innovation Programs: Map of Experiences, in: Banerjee, B., Ceri, S. (Eds.), Creating Innovation Leaders: A Global Perspective, Understanding Innovation. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 105–123.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Marine and Island Cultures.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. New Material Could Be Both A Solar Cell And Display Screen [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1995. Sports Arena (No. AIMD-95-209R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fresolone, C., 2012. The pedagogical use of Gerald Near’s “Chantworks” (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, B., Fisher, I., 2017. President Puts Saudis at Core Of Peace Effort. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Weston, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Weston, 2002; Zheng and Jia, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zheng and Jia, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Tomita et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Marine and Island Cultures
AbbreviationJ. Mar. Isl. Cult.
ISSN (print)2212-6821

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