How to format your references using the Journal of Marine and Island Cultures citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Marine and Island Cultures. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gomory, R., 2010. Benoît Mandelbrot (1924-2010). Nature 468, 378.
A journal article with 2 authors
Klose, R., Bird, A., 2003. Molecular biology. MeCP2 repression goes nonglobal. Science 302, 793–795.
A journal article with 3 authors
Huang, J., Pray, C., Rozelle, S., 2002. Enhancing the crops to feed the poor. Nature 418, 678–684.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Boutanaev, A.M., Kalmykova, A.I., Shevelyov, Y.Y., Nurminsky, D.I., 2002. Large clusters of co-expressed genes in the Drosophila genome. Nature 420, 666–669.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Boero, R., 2015. Behavioral Computational Social Science. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Haber, A., Shepherd, N. (Eds.), 2015. After Ethics: Ancestral Voices and Post-Disciplinary Worlds in Archaeology, Ethical Archaeologies: The Politics of Social Justice. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Tavernier, F., Steyaert, M., 2011. From current to voltage—The transimpedance amplifier, in: Steyaert, M. (Ed.), High-Speed Optical Receivers with Integrated Photodiode in Nanoscale CMOS. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 77–135.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Marine and Island Cultures.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2015. Watch SpaceX’s Falcon 9 Rocket Almost Land On Floating Barge—It Was So Close! [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1981. Request for Information Concerning Space Transportation System (No. B-202664). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dimick, K.E., 2009. Response to Intervention research to practice: Exploring a school in transition—a case study (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J., 2016. Mets Come Out Swinging Like Contenders. New York Times SP2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gomory, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Gomory, 2010; Klose and Bird, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Klose and Bird, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Boutanaev et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Marine and Island Cultures
AbbreviationJ. Mar. Isl. Cult.
ISSN (print)2212-6821

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