How to format your references using the Journal of Marine and Island Cultures citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Marine and Island Cultures. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chenn, A., 2002. Eppendorf & Science Prize. Essays on science and society. Making a bigger brain by regulating cell cycle exit. Science 298, 766–767.
A journal article with 2 authors
Law, K.L., Thompson, R.C., 2014. Oceans. Microplastics in the seas. Science 345, 144–145.
A journal article with 3 authors
Desai, T.J., Brownfield, D.G., Krasnow, M.A., 2014. Alveolar progenitor and stem cells in lung development, renewal and cancer. Nature 507, 190–194.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mir, M., Kim, T., Majumder, A., Xiang, M., Wang, R., Liu, S.C., Gillette, M.U., Stice, S., Popescu, G., 2014. Label-free characterization of emerging human neuronal networks. Sci. Rep. 4, 4434.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Retherford, R.D., Choe, M.K., 1993. Statistical Models for Causal Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Innocenti, F. (Ed.), 2009. Genomics and Pharmacogenomics in Anticancer Drug Development and Clinical Response, Cancer Drug Discovery and DevelopmentTM. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ.
A chapter in an edited book
Emigh, R.J., Riley, D., Ahmed, P., 2016. The Turn to Race and Ethnicity in the UK Censuses, in: Riley, D., Ahmed, P. (Eds.), Changes in Censuses from Imperialist to Welfare States: How Societies and States Count. Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY, pp. 121–146.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Marine and Island Cultures.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2016. Bonobos Found To Craft Tools As Complex As Chimpanzees [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2014. Federally Funded Research Centers: Agency Reviews of Employee Compensation and Center Performance (No. GAO-14-593). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lambert, M., 2015. Generational Differences in the Workplace: The Perspectives of Three Generations on Career Mobility (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2014. Crack Cocaine Limbo. New York Times A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chenn, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Chenn, 2002, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Law and Thompson, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Mir et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Marine and Island Cultures
AbbreviationJ. Mar. Isl. Cult.
ISSN (print)2212-6821

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