How to format your references using the Journal of Marine and Island Cultures citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Marine and Island Cultures. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abeles, M., 2004. Neuroscience. Time is precious. Science 304, 523–524.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hébert, S.S., De Strooper, B., 2007. Molecular biology. miRNAs in neurodegeneration. Science 317, 1179–1180.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ginsburg, G.S., Angrist, M., Cook-Deegan, R., 2006. Public health. Genomics and medicine at a crossroads in Chernobyl. Science 314, 62–63.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Simmons, G., Glynn, S.A., Komaroff, A.L., Mikovits, J.A., Tobler, L.H., Hackett, J., Jr, Tang, N., Switzer, W.M., Heneine, W., Hewlett, I.K., Zhao, J., Lo, S.-C., Alter, H.J., Linnen, J.M., Gao, K., Coffin, J.M., Kearney, M.F., Ruscetti, F.W., Pfost, M.A., Bethel, J., Kleinman, S., Holmberg, J.A., Busch, M.P., Blood XMRV Scientific Research Working Group (SRWG), 2011. Failure to confirm XMRV/MLVs in the blood of patients with chronic fatigue syndrome: a multi-laboratory study. Science 334, 814–817.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hahn, A., Behle, B., Lischewski, D., Rein, W., 2002. Produktionstechnische Praxis. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Charron, D.F. (Ed.), 2014. La Recherche Écosanté en pratique: Applications novatrices d’une approche écosystémique de la santé, Insight and Innovation in International Development. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Fasthuber, R., Catthoor, F., Raghavan, P., Naessens, F., 2013. Case Study 2: DSIP Architecture Instances for FIR Filtering, in: Catthoor, F., Raghavan, P., Naessens, F. (Eds.), Energy-Efficient Communication Processors: Design and Implementation for Emerging Wireless Systems. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 171–218.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Marine and Island Cultures.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015. Chimps Walk Bipedally In A Similar Way To Humans [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1987. Federal Research: Effectiveness of Small Business Innovation Research Program Procedures (No. RCED-87-63). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Davis, T.E., 2010. Sedimentation solutions for the Port of Gulfport, MS (Doctoral dissertation). Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dominus, I. by S., 2014. ‘You Have to Keep Putting Yourself Out There.’ New York Times MM14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Abeles, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Abeles, 2004; Hébert and De Strooper, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hébert and De Strooper, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Simmons et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Marine and Island Cultures
AbbreviationJ. Mar. Isl. Cult.
ISSN (print)2212-6821

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